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Turkey

How Did Turkey Become Isolated So Quickly?

It wasn't long ago that Turkey was a nation envied around the world for growing freedoms and a growing economy. Things have changed fast.

Turkish police restrain demonstrators on Feb. 10
Turkish police restrain demonstrators on Feb. 10
Asli Aydintasbas

-OpEd-

ISTANBUL For Turkey, the door to Europe is shut and will not be opened again anytime soon.

I'm saddened less for myself than for the generations to come. Today we taste only dark and bitter days. But at the start of this century, our nation stood as an example for others: Yes, Turkey not long ago was seen as a rising country, envied by all.

The harsh reality is that those days are far behind us. The process of becoming more European came to a stop in the year 2010. After 2013, the Turkish government prioritized fortifying its power instead of its people. Every democratic gain began to be reversed, leading us to this present situation of oppression.

We often find ourselves wondering, "How did this happen so fast? How did Turkey turn into an authoritative Middle Eastern regime this quickly?" There are plenty of answers to those questions but no single one of them can explain the pace at which Turkey quickly slipped into isolation.

I feel the urge to shout, "Was everything a lie?" like some melodramatic character in an old Turkish movie. That's because I feel duped by the development, accomplishment, and "democratization packages' that are no longer relevant. Maybe they were only a result of a Western push. Would you have been able to predict, during those golden days of democratic Turkey, that one day we would be on the verge of a terrible precipice? Did any of the people who led us to this moment — the leaders of yesterday and today — or members of society ever really have a longing for democracy?

Harder days await the Turkish people.

I don't know the answers to these questions. A voice inside my head keeps telling me, "No, of course the change in Turkey and the request for democracy came from Turkish society itself." But then I find it hard to explain how the majority of people, which we call "society," has consented to what's going on right now. How does this society approve the collapse of institutions, sit quietly while universities are weakened, and passively watch the Kurdish problem return to the way it was in the 1990s? How does it let the media get ridiculed? How does it tacitly approve the rule of only one man?

The questions, for which we don't have answers, don't end there: Are people silent because they think they don't have a better alternative or is it because an atmosphere of fear dominates every corner of Turkey? Or is the quiet because it simply doesn't care about the issues listed above?

One thing I know for sure is that harder days await Turkish people. As our freedom grows more and more limited, the economy shrinks. For us, the Chinese model of authoritarian capitalism is not possible. As our nation keeps stepping backwards toward the 1990s, it seems it will also go back to the income per capita of that decade.

We are only at the beginning of tense relations with Europe. I think that within a few years, our candidacy for the European Union will be officially suspended. Most of you would respond that this process hasn't been working for a while anyway. Well, yes, but despite everything, Turkey is still institutionally connected with, and dependent on, Europe. On paper, it is still an EU "candidate" country. As populist winds strengthen in Europe, this long-term engagement seems doomed to end.

Turkey has been going through the most strategically isolated and vulnerable period of the last 70 years. The relationship with Russia is fundamentally built on an asymmetrical power dynamic. China is too far away. Iran is not welcoming. Gulf countries are so much more "Western" than we are ...

Turkey is suffering inside and out, and living in a period of senseless isolation for which it only has itself to blame.

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Society

Parenthood And The Pressure Of Always Having To Be Doing Better

As a father myself, I'm now better able to understand the pressures my own dad faced. It's helped me face my own internal demands to constantly be more productive and do better.

Photo of a father with a son on his shoulders

Father and son in the streets of Madrid, Spain

Ignacio Pereyra*

-Essay-

When I was a child — I must have been around eight or so — whenever we headed with my mom and grandma to my aunt's country house in Don Torcuato, outside of Buenos Aires, there was the joy of summer plans. Spending the day outdoors, playing soccer in the field, being in the swimming pool and eating delicious food.

But when I focus on the moment, something like a painful thorn appears in the background: from the back window of the car I see my dad standing on the sidewalk waving us goodbye. Sometimes he would stay at home. “I have to work” was the line he used.

Maybe one of my older siblings would also stay behind with him, but I'm sure there were no children left around because we were all enthusiastic about going to my aunt’s. For a long time in his life, for my old man, those summer days must have been the closest he came to being alone, in silence (which he liked so much) and in calm, considering that he was the father of seven. But I can only see this and say it out loud today.

Over the years, the scene repeated itself: the destination changed — it could be a birthday or a family reunion. The thorn was no longer invisible but began to be uncomfortable as, being older, my interpretation of the events changed. When words were absent, I started to guess what might be happening — and we know how random guessing can be.

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