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Geopolitics

Why Iranians Are Burning Statues Of Khomeini And Soleimani, Heroes Of The Revolution

With increasing frequency, Iranians are destroying or defacing the monuments of revolutionary and clerical leaders that they have come to loathe as symbols of oppression. It is a dangerous act of protest against the regime, which has called the vandalism "vile."

Photo of the statue of Qassem Soleimani burning in Iran

The burning of the statue of Qassem Soleimani in Iran

Worldcrunch

There has been a sustained — if furtive — trend among disgruntled Iranians to deface, vandalize or destroy monuments raised in honor of prominent figures of the Islamic Republic, in power since 1979. It is a residual form of protest under a regime that allows none. However, rest assured, no harm is done to the country's cultural heritage: It is safe to say the structures in question have no aesthetic value at all.



The latest piece of vandalism involved the burning of a statue of the former 1979 revolution leader, Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini, in Qom in north-central Iran. Perpetrators shared pictures on social media of the March 30 burning of the statue, which was located in the Marja'iyat ('Religious Authority') square and caused an immediate scramble among authorities to replace it.

The Qom congregational prayer leader, Alireza E'rafi, called this a "vile act," and the mayor lamented the "extensive damage" done to the non-work of art, saying the city must now build a "new memorial."

Rage against the regime

It should be noted that effigies or large-scale depictions of individuals are not within the Islamic tradition the regime claims to uphold, as they are thought to encourage idolatry. Yet anyone traveling in Iran after the revolution will see a plethora of statues, posters and vast murals of dead or living clerics, soldiers and "martyrs."

Striking at Khomeini's likeness is a way of saying people are sick of the Islamic regime

Many were likely burned, trampled on or defaced through several waves of protests that have swept the country since 2009. Late in 2020, during protests over water shortages in Isfahan, central Iran, someone damaged another Khomeini statue in the district of Ardestan.

Striking at Khomeini's likeness is a way of saying people are sick of the Islamic regime; they're not necessarily dissatisfied with more secular parts of the government or the provincial administration. Local authorities said the culprit had been caught, but footage indicates other locals have returned to spoil the statue. In several cities now, night-time patrols have increased to prevent such acts or to locate rude graffiti.

Photo of people walking by a portrait of the Iranian General Qassem Soleimani

Iran: people walk past a Portrait of the Iranian Gen. Qassem Soleimani, who was killed in Iraq in a U.S. drone attack.

Sobhan Farajvan/Pacific Press/ZUMA

The fall of a martyr

At least twice, people have vandalized statues honoring the late Revolutionary Guard captain Qasem Soleimani, who was killed in Iraq in early 2020 by a U.S. strike, and considered a martyr of the Revolution.

This happened once in Shahr-e Kord, on the anniversary of his death early in 2021, and again on August 31, 2021, in Yasuj. In the first case, the Shahr-e Kord congregational prayer leader deplored the act, saying it had taken a year to build the statue, which had cost the equivalent of over 32,000 euros (150 million tumans).

The regime insists Soleimani is a popular hero who fought Western presence in the Middle East and Salafist terrorism. Yet his popularity is debatable at best, especially in nearby countries currently under Tehran's meddling thumb. Judging by social media posts, residents of Beirut were dissatisfied with a Soleimani statue in their city.

In another incident in July or August 2020, videos of Iranians burning a statue of the current Supreme Leader Ali Khamenei, placed outside a seminary in Ahwaz, circulated around the internet. The posts reportedly showed local girls and women delighting at the sight of this destruction. While these fires may be causing "extensive damage" to certain politicians, they seem to be a flame of change and hope for many citizens.

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Society

How India’s Women Are Fighting Air Pollution — And The Patriarchy

India is one of the world's worst countries for air pollution, with women more likely to be affected by the problem than men. Now, experts and activists are fighting to reframe pollution as a gendered health crisis.

A woman walking through dense fog in New Delhi

*Saumya Kalia

MUMBAI In New Delhi, a city that has topped urban air-pollution charts in recent years, Shakuntala describes a discomfort that has become too familiar. Surrounded by bricks and austere buildings, she tells an interviewer: "The eyes burn and it becomes difficult to breathe". She is referring to the noxious fumes she routinely breathes as a construction worker.

Like Shakuntala, women’s experiences of polluted air fill every corner of their lives – inside homes, in parks and markets, on the way to work. Ambient air in most districts in India has never been worse than it is today. As many as 1.67 million people in the country die prematurely due to polluted air. It is India’s second largest health risk after malnutrition.

This risk of exposure to air pollution is compounded for women. Their experiences of toxic air are more frequent and often more hazardous. Yet “policies around air quality have not yet adequately taken into account gender or other factors that might influence people’s health,” Pallavi Pant, a senior scientist at the Health Effects Institute, a nonprofit in the U.S., told The Wire Science.

“It’s unacceptable that the biggest burden [rests on] those who can least bear it,” Sherebanu Frosh, an activist, added. People like her are building a unique resistance within India.

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