When the world gets closer.

We help you see farther.

Sign up to our expressly international daily newsletter.

Sources

What Mexico Can Learn From Trump's Desperate Last Stand

Mexico's current leader, and loud-and-proud leftist, has more in common with the outgoing U.S. president, a conservative Republican, than many people realize.

 Trump and Lopez Obrador at the White House in July 2020
Trump and Lopez Obrador at the White House in July 2020
Luis Rubio

-OpEd-

MEXICO CITY — Conflict is essential to politics, and politics, in turn, provide a means for facing, administering and processing that conflict. Societies thus differ fundamentally not in whether they have conflicts, but in how they resolve them.

Days ago, Washington DC became a singular window showing both sides: conflict explosion, and its resolution. As the pressman John Kampfner observes, a country's measure is not in the "difficulties it faces, but how it surmounts them."

So how, then, do we Mexicans fare on that front?

First, a bit about Donald Trump, who was never a normal president. Even before his election he was challenging institutions and the traditional way of doing things. More recently, he simply refused to accept the results of the November presidential elections, and mobilized his followers to forcibly change them. He then incited them to take over Congress, the grandly named "chapel of democracy."

He thus broke with the essence of democratic politics, based on the principle of players accepting the rules of the game. Like our own President Andrés Manuel López Obrador, Trump only accepts rules that work in his favor. Yet the chaos his attitude provoked lasted just hours. The morning after the meleein Congress, the Democrat Joe Biden was formally declared president-elect of the United States, and much of the press and other outlets, including those sympathizing with Trump, urged him to resign.

Trump only accepts rules that work in his favor.

Like a Third World strongman who values personal loyalty above all else, Trump must have imagined his party, and the people he had promoted and backed for various positions, would come to his aid. But the most notable aspect of recent events — and an emphatically normal one in any country of solid institutions — was the way conflict was processed to the point of resolution. The list of those gradually neutralizing an array of challenges to the elections is more than revealing, and in the end, it was the Republicans who ended Trump's deluded dreams and malevolent tactics.

It was mostly judges named by Trump who rejected his legal moves to cancel voting results, state by state. Those he had named to the Supreme Court (in whom he was presumably pinning his hopes for protection), rejected his calls for help. The Republican governor of Georgia, whose reelection Trump backed, refused to bow to presidential pressure. The Republican Senate majority leader McConnell refused to maneuver to block Biden's confirmation. Tom Cotton, a veteran Trump supporter (and senator), openly denounced his conduct, suggesting he wouldn't intimidate Republicans quite as much as people imagine, once out of office. And finally, it was Vice-President Mike Pence, perhaps the most docile of his supporters, who struck the last nail in Trump's coffin by sticking to constitutional norms. Police and National guardsmen duly did their duty and ended a clumsy bid to grab the legislature, ensuring the legislative process could resume.

In Mexico the campaigning period for the lower legislature is about to begin — Photo: El Universal via ZUMA Wire

In spite of a bitter campaign, the institutions of the United States triumphed in the last elections, as did all the actors who responsibly followed the rules of a functioning democracy. Trump's tantrums served only to alienate voters.

What a contrast with Mexico. For at least six years, from 2006 to 2012, López Obrador paralyzed Mexican politics and prevented his former party, the leftist PRD, from participating in legislative debates. Today, it seems his only mission is to remove anything that may obstruct his quest for power, even if in doing so, he impoverishes the population and especially hurts the already poor who voted him into office. His collaborators have acted as loyal servitors, before and after his election, never giving priority to institutions or values that serve the country's development.

We are about to begin the campaigning period for the lower legislature, 15 state governorships and hundreds of district and local councils. The president has shown complete indifference to the rules of the game, most of which already seemed crafted to fit his needs. He wants to win in spite of them, whatever the cost, be it basic civility, democracy or even the country itself. He reminds me one of the late Chinese foreign minister Chou En-lai who quipped, "It's chaos everywhere: the situation is excellent."

First provoke the chaos, then milk it for what it's worth. Unfortunately, unlike our northern neighbors, there are no institutions here to resist him nor enough officials to give them added weight. López Obrador has Mexico on tenterhooks. Trump tried the same, but the institutions thwarted him. Not so here, and that, sadly, is what makes all the difference.

You've reached your limit of free articles.

To read the full story, start your free trial today.

Get unlimited access. Cancel anytime.

Exclusive coverage from the world's top sources, in English for the first time.

Insights from the widest range of perspectives, languages and countries.

FOCUS: Russia-Ukraine War

Why Russia Is Suddenly Deploying Air Defense Systems On Moscow Rooftops

Russia is increasingly concerned about security from the sky: air defense systems have been installed on rooftops in Moscow's government quarter. Systems have also appeared in several other places in Russia, including near Vladimir Putin's lakeside home in Valdai. What is the Kremlin really worried about?

photo of ice on the river in Moscow

Clear skies, cold reality along the Moskva River

Anna Akage

-Analysis-

The Russian Defense Ministry has refused to comment. State Duma parliamentary officials say it’s a fake. Still, a series of verified photographs have circulated in recent days of an array of long-range C-400 and short-range air defense systems installed on three complexes in Moscow near the Kremlin, as well as on locations in the outskirts of the capital and in the northwest village of Valdai, where Vladimir Putin has a lakeside residence.

Some experts believe the air defense installations in Moscow were an immediate response to recent Ukrainian statements about a new fleet of military drones: The Ukroboronprom defense contracter said this month that it completed a series of successful tests of a new strike drone with a range of over 1,000 kilometers. Analyst Michael Naki suggests that Moscow’s anti-air defense systems were an immediate reaction to the fact that the drones can theoretically hit Kremlin.

Stay up-to-date with the latest on the Russia-Ukraine war, with our exclusive international coverage.

Sign up to our free daily newsletter.

Yet the air defense installations in Valdai seem to have been in place since late December, following Ukrainian drone attacks on a military airfield deep inside Russia’s Sorotov region, 730 kilometers (454 miles) southeast of Moscow.

Others pose a very different rationale to explain Russia’s beefing up anti-air defenses on its own territory. Russian military analyst Yan Matveev argues that Putin demanded the deployment of such local systems not as defense against long-range Ukrainian drones, but rather for fear of sabotage from inside Russia.

Keep reading...Show less

You've reached your limit of free articles.

To read the full story, start your free trial today.

Get unlimited access. Cancel anytime.

Exclusive coverage from the world's top sources, in English for the first time.

Insights from the widest range of perspectives, languages and countries.

The latest