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India

Partition, The Founding Wound Of Modern India That Won't Heal

Even after 72 years, the echoes of India's division into two independent states continue to reverberate.

'Today’s Delhi is an amalgamation of migrants, of different religions, cultures, languages and virtues'
"Today’s Delhi is an amalgamation of migrants, of different religions, cultures, languages and virtues"
Anandi Sen

-Essay-

EAST DELHI — "At the stroke of the midnight hour, when the world sleeps, India will awake to life and freedom," announced Jawaharlal Nehru as the world ushered in a new nation, the voices of the distraught mere echoes amid the joy of freedom.

As they said, what do people wearing white caps sitting in Delhi know about the situation at the border? The Partition of India, a cataclysmic event that gave birth to the world's largest democracy, left a devastating legacy and scars that refuse to heal.

Even after 72 years and three generations, a part of its legacy still thrives within us; the remnants of the separation still haunts us. While having a casual discussion with a fellow Punjabi about her maternal grandmother's yearning for her beloved erstwhile home, the shared belonging and collective memory reverberated.

Finding no recluse under the infamous ‘Dilli ki garmi," my mind drifted to Holocaust survivors who shared narratives of the ghastly apocalypse. Borders, after all, are simply political boundaries. Beyond the demarcations, it is land; vast land, full of flesh and blood, of thoughts and emotions, of common folklore, myths and superstitions.

Well, as they say, ‘Batwara jitna bhi kar lo, garmi Lahore Dilli dono mein paintalis hi padegi." (Divide as much as you want, the heat in both Lahore and Delhi will be 45 degrees Celsius).

Narrating the tale of the Samjhauta Express, a brief encounter with investigative journalist Bhavna Vij Aurora led to a shattering of stereotypes and infused biases as a major societal consequence of the Partition. As a Punjabi, being accompanied by a Muslim cameraman to Pakistan seemed like a logical step to her. As it turned out, it wasn't! She felt closer to "their Punjabi" more than the cameraman did as a Muslim.

Today's Delhi is an amalgamation of migrants

Nehru himself once said: "A moment comes, which comes but rarely in history, when we step out from the old to the new, when an age ends, and when the soul of a nation, long suppressed, finds utterance." If only this "new" world escalated beyond communal violence and hatred.

Today's Delhi is an amalgamation of migrants, of different religions, cultures, languages and virtues — all painting Delhi in their unique shade. In the gullies of present-day Lajpat Nagar, Amar Colony, Malviya Nagar to Bhogal, Jungpura, Tilak Nagar and Rajouri Garden there once lived perplexed migrants, lost in their "own land," suffocating among their "own people," haunted by shadow lines.

At times like these, Toba Tek Singh smirks from an unknown place afar, rekindling his desire to find a sense of home, a place to call his own.

As today's generation watches the film Manto and fails to grasp the depth and dearth of love in Saadat Hasan Manto's works, there are some who are struck by a restlessness to seek a part of their own selves in the stories of Partition — from the Sikh man leaving his crops to pursue a different craft in the land of "his people" to the Muslim woman who abandoned her palatial ancestral estate to re-discover herself as a working-class person among "her people."

The narratives echo stories, the legacies of people with beating hearts and welled up eyes — someone's lover, someone's landlord, someone's neighbor. Someone.

A refugee special train at Ambala Station during partition of India — Photo: Government of India

As the decades pass by and the years of psychological catastrophe, political polarity, societal annihilation, economic stagnation and centuries of historical hostility culminate into a friendly cricket match between India and Pakistan, does the youth feel a legacy being passed on to them?

We haven't had any first-hand experience of the Partition, nor do we have a living substitute. Our understanding of the same has to be attributed to period dramas, hyper-nationalistic movies, and overly-dramatized or romanticized versions of the horror that plagued India for months. The pain, trauma, hopelessness, gore, emotions, separation has, in the very least, been rich bait for creative artists to capitalize on — allowing a part of the Partition to linger on.

Let's remember to keep an eye out for the echoes of history that surround us, just waiting to be found

"Division of Hearts," a 2013 advertisement by Google Search, struck a cord in a hidden, vulnerable place. The joy of reuniting with a loved one separated by such a horrific ordeal felt surreal. As the two young people on each side of the border strive to reunite their respective grandparents, we, as the audience are left to ponder upon the essence of humanity.

Even as accusations today fly thick and fast about the youth being indifferent toward India's rich history, through initiatives like this, or the penning down of first-hand oral narratives, and the simple acts of reading, talking and sharing stories — the past will never die.

As we go about our day, shopping in Lajpat Nagar, taking in the stature of Rashtrapati Bhawan in all its glory at night, crossing the Civil Lines metro station, let's remember to keep an eye out for the echoes of history that surround us, just waiting to be found.

The Partition may be just a history lesson for some, a remorseful story for others and a historical note for yet others. But there are still many for whom the Partition is still very much a part of them — a living, breathing part of a massacre that will live on for generations to come.

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Future

Injecting Feminism Into Science Is A Good Thing — For Science

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This focus on biological sex differences turned out to be woefully inadequate, as a group of Harvard-affiliated researchers pointed out earlier this year. By analyzing more than a year of sex-disaggregated COVID-19 data, they showed that the gender gap was more fully explained by social factors like mask-wearing and distancing behaviors (less common among men) and testing rates (higher among pregnant women and health workers, who were largely female).

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