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The Comforting Calculation Of Modi Playing The Gandhi Card

The Mahatma's universalism is far from Modi sectarian-nationalist approach. But it's more than just a matter of international branding for the Prime Minister.

Modi paying tribute to the Mahatma in Allahabad
Modi paying tribute to the Mahatma in Allahabad
Sidharth Bhatia

"I do not want my house to be walled in on all sides and my windows to be stuffed. I want the culture of all lands to be blown about my house as freely as possible. But I refuse to be blown off my feet by any."

— Gandhi

NEW DELHI — On the eve of Mahatma Gandhi's 150th birth anniversary this month, India's Minister of Home Affairs Amit Shah declared that no Hindu, Buddhist, Sikh or Jain refugee would be refused entry into India; earlier, chief of Hindu nationalist organization Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS) Mohan Bhagwat said no Hindu would be turned out of India even if his or her name were not listed in the National Register of Citizens.

The pointed exclusion of Muslims in Shah's statement is hardly surprising, since that has been the objective of his ideology and organization. What is different is that the dog-whistling of the past by such political leaders only beamed out during campaign time. Now, the second most important minister in the cabinet minces no words in saying that Muslims are unwelcome in this country.

For those who will point out the irony of Shah's remarks on Gandhi Jayanti, which commemorates a man who was committed to inclusiveness and proactively reached out to Muslims, here's a suggestion: don't waste your time. India is well beyond irony and those in power are hardly concerned with how they are perceived by liberals, "sickulars' and simply decent citizens. Indeed, Prime Minister Narendra Modi may be extra sensitive to editorials in the foreign media or the approval of international leaders, but Shah couldn't care two hoots.

Associating with Gandhi can only enhance the Modi brand.

Modi has appropriated Gandhi, even if only cherry-picking his message on cleanliness and making him the mascot of the Swachh Bharat campaign. Late last month, while on his trip to the United States, he released a Gandhi stamp and spoke about the Mahatma at the United Nations.

A photograph of Modi spinning the charkha was used in a calendar of the Khadi and Village Industries Commission in 2017 and he has laid flowers at Gandhi's statues abroad.

He may not have been particularly pleased doing this — the RSS, where he received his formative training, blamed Gandhi for Partition — but Modi knows the value of Gandhi the brand. Not only is it recognized everywhere in the country but also internationally; associating with it can only enhance the Modi brand.

This may be an extremely cynical, even hypocritical on the part of Modi, but there is another way of looking at it: the very fact that he understands the importance of appropriating Gandhi in modern India is an acknowledgement that the Mahatma is not to be wished away. That is why Modi has written an op-ed in the New York Times and RSS chief Bhagwat has written a piece for the Hindustan Times on Gandhi and his message.

Spinning the charkha — Photos: KVIC calendar / Wikimedia Commons

Modi may admire V.D. Savarkar, who was accused in Gandhi's assassination, but knows that while the Sanghis may worship him, the world remains ignorant and unimpressed by ‘Veer's' alleged achievements. No country is rushing to install a bust of Savarkar, no one is issuing stamps of Gandhi's enemies or assassins. It may yet happen in the future, as Modi's government continues its drive to eliminate great historical figures and replace them with their own heroes. But so far, it is Gandhi whom the world knows and respects.

He was assassinated all those years ago and today he is being continuously undermined and re-examined. The poltical Right in India hates him and the Left has many problems with him. African historians have pointed to his racism during his stay in South Africa. Many of his ideas are problematic — the over-romanticization of the village economy, the paternalistic view of caste and much more, but Gandhi rises above it all. If anything, he would have welcomed scrutiny of his ideas and utterances, welcoming his detractors to debate and discussion. He was not mean-minded and petty and it is this quality of his that stands out most of all in our times, when resentment and spite seem to dominate the polity.

All this points to a fundamental truth — goodness and noble deeds and ideas cannot be wished away. Flawed and problematic he may be but Gandhi still remains with us all these decades later. The world, from Martin Luther King to protestors in Hong Kong, revered him and draws inspiration from him. His brutal killing has not dented his fame and popularity, and never will. History books can be rewritten, films can be made and loose cannon leaders can be allowed to make anti-Gandhi statements which they then withdraw. In the end, the forces of darkness will dissipate, forgotten and unmourned, but Gandhi will go on forever.

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FOCUS: Russia-Ukraine War

What's Driving Chechen Fighters To The Frontlines Of Ukraine

Thousands of foreign soldiers are fighting alongside Ukraine. German daily Die Welt met a Chechen battalion to find out why they are fighting.

Photo of the Chechen Dzhokhar Dudayev Battalion in Ukraine

Chechen Dzhokhar Dudayev Battalion in Ukraine.

Alfred Hackensberger

KRAMATORSK — The house is full of soldiers. On the floor, there are wooden boxes filled with mountains of cartridges and ammunition belts for heavy machine guns. Dozens of hand grenades are lying around. Hanging on the wall are two anti-tank weapons.

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"These are from Spain," says the commanding officer, introducing himself as Maga. "Short for Make America Great Again," he adds with a laugh.

Only 29 years old, Maga is in charge of the Dudayev Chechen battalion, which has taken up quarters somewhere on the outskirts of the city of Kramatorsk in eastern Ukraine.

The commander appears calm and confident in the midst of the hustle and bustle of final preparations for the new mission in Bakhmut, only about 30 kilometers away. The Ukrainian army command has ordered the Chechen special forces unit to reinforce the town in the Donbas, which has been embattled for months.

Bakhmut, which used to have 70,000 inhabitants, is to be kept at all costs. It is already surrounded on three sides by Russian troops and can only be reached via a paved road and several tracks through the terrain. Day after day, artillery shells rain down on Ukrainian positions and the Russian infantry keeps launching new attacks.

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