Geopolitics

Trump's Border Bullying Threatens All Of Latin America

The U.S. president has little regard for the rules of trade and diplomacy, as evidenced by the extortion tactics he just pulled off with Mexico.

At the U.S.-Mexico border in Ciudad Juarez
At the U.S.-Mexico border in Ciudad Juarez
Roberto Pizzaro

-OpEd-

SANTIAGO — Donald Trump declared across the internet that starting June 10 he'd impose a 5% tariff on goods imported from Mexico if its southern neighbor didn't block passage through its territory of Central American migrants heading for the United States. The rate of the tariff would continue to increase, Trump added, until the problem of illegal immigration is resolved.

This was extortion, and it worked.

Mexico promised to boost security on its southern border, sending 6,000 troops from the recently created National Guard to 11 districts in the state of Chiapas, north of Guatemala. It has also agreed to keep migrants seeking asylum in the United States — at its own expense, and for however long the application process lasts.

The two countries agreed to review the efficacy of these actions within 90 days. But while Trump announced a suspension of tariffs on June 8, his administration is letting it be known that he could still make good on the threat if the United States is not satisfied with Mexico's migratory controls.

This was Trump's personal overhaul of legal guarantees, stable rules, free trade and all those terms economists and diplomats have been uttering repeatedly to defend trade and treaty-making. Trump knows how to play with fear. He did it when campaigning, to weaken rivals and win over voters.

"Trump knows how to play with fear" — Photo: Andrew Harrer/ZUMA

Mexico, for its part, has long suffered because of its proximity to the United States. But now, with Trump — and his public insults, militarized border and tariff threats (following those imposed months ago for steel and aluminum) — things are even worse.

In the case of China, the tariff talk serves an economic purpose. But with Mexico, it has a purely political objective. It's about Trump scoring a victory in his "southern border" war, where he sought but failed to build a wall because Congress withheld the necessary funds. This means the president is not shifting onto Mexico the costs and responsibility for keeping immigrants arriving from Central America.

Fear is the "real power," Trump told the journalist Bob Woodward. And with the help of advisor Steve Bannon, Trump put that power to work in his campaign. He told supporters that joblessness was the fault of firms moving to China. He blamed violence on Mexicans and Muslims. The U.S. economy is suffering, he said, because of bad treaties.

He convinced his voters that bad Democratic policies were causing Americans to lose jobs, and he alone had the guts to stand up to the country's enemies. Interestingly, he invoked national security in the recent spat with Mexico, and said he would use the International Emergency Economic Powers Act to renege on obligations within NAFTA — even though Mexico is an ally, not an enemy of the United States.

Trump has unnerved both Mexican and U.S. business sectors, not to mention the broader international community. Simply put, he's broken the rules of the game, the same ones over which U.S. officials and economists harangue the rest of the world.

He's ignoring the role his country played in the region's chronic underdevelopment.

In Mexico, opposition politicians have questioned their government's handling of the situation. This was no "negotiation but a surrender," said Ángel Ávila Romero of the leftist Democratic Revolution Party. The head of the conservative National Action Party, Marko Cortés, said it harmed Mexican sovereignty and dignity.

In its defense, though, there was little else the Mexican government, under President Andrés Manuel López Obrador, could do given the country's current economic difficulties and dependence on the United States. The economy is expected to grow barely 2% this year, investment is stagnant, and public debt has approached the limits warned about by international agencies. Making good on a tariffs threat would affect the 80% of Mexican exports that go to the United States.

The threat, of course, is not just for Mexico. It's something that dangles like a metaphorical sword over all of Latin America, threatening regional trade and undermining the authority of multilateral organs like the WTO. Also, by putting the migration problem on Mexico's shoulders, Trump is ignoring the role his country played in the chronic underdevelopment of Central America that is the reason so many people leave.

Throughout the 20th century, the United States toppled democratic governments and backed military regimes in that region to boost its political and economic goals. This meant decades of abuse and violence that impeded regional development and nurtured Central America's present chaos. The United States is party responsible, therefore, for people moving to seek better lives. And yet, the Trump administration is opting to end its aid programs to Central America, putting even more of the cost of migration onto Mexico.

Trump is infecting our region with uncertainty. Today it is Mexico, but the next attack could target any country in the Caribbean, Central America or South America. Silence won't do. It's time for the region to stand up and say something.

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food / travel

The True Horrors Behind 7 Haunted Locations Around The World

With Halloween arriving, we have dug up the would-be ghosts of documented evil and bloodshed from the past.

Inside Poveglia Island's abandoned asylum

Laure Gautherin and Carl-Johan Karlsson

When Hallows Eve was first introduced as a Celtic festival some 2,000 years ago, bonfires and costumes were seen as a legitimate way to ward off ghosts and evil spirits. Today of course, with science and logic being real ghostbusters, spine-chilling tales of haunted forests, abandoned asylums and deserted graveyards have rather become a way to add some mystery and suspense to our lives.

And yet there are still spooky places around the world that have something more than legend attached to them. From Spain to Uzbekistan and Australia, these locations prove that haunting lore is sometimes rooted in very real, and often terrible events.

Shahr-e Gholghola, City of Screams - Afghanistan

photo of  ruins of Shahr-e Gholghola,

The ruins of Shahr-e Gholghola, the City of Screams, in Afghanistan

Dai He/Xinhua via ZUMA Wire


According to locals, ghosts from this ancient royal citadel located in the Valley of Bamyan, 150 miles northwest of Kabul, have been screaming for 800 years. You can hear them from miles away, at twilight, when they relive their massacre.

In the spring 1221, the fortress built by Buddhist Ghorids in the 6th century became the theater of the final battle between Jalal ad-Din Mingburnu, last ruler of the Khwarezmian Empire, and the Mongol Horde led by Genghis Khan. It is said that Khan's beloved grandson, Mutakhan, had been killed on his mission to sack Bamyan. To avenge him, the Mongol leader went himself and ordered to kill every living creature in the city, children included.

The ruins today bear the name of Shahr-e Gholghola, meaning City of Screams or City of Sorrows. The archeological site, rich in Afghan history, is open to the public and though its remaining walls stay quiet during the day, locals say that the night brings the echoes of fear and agony. Others claim the place comes back to life eight centuries ago, and one can hear the bustle of the city and people calling each other.

Gettysburg, Civil War battlefield - U.S.

photo of rocks and trees in Gettysburg

View of the battlefields from Little Round Top, Gettysburg, PA, USA

Unsplash/@nemo23


Even ghosts non-believers agree there is something eerie about Gettysbury. The city in the state of Pennsylvania is now one of the most popular destinations in the U.S. for spirits and paranormal activities sight-seeing; and many visitors report they witness exactly what they came for: sounds of drums and gunshots, spooky encounters and camera malfunctions in one specific spot… just to name a few!

The Battle of Gettysburg, for which President Abraham Lincoln wrote his best known public address, is considered a turning point in the Civil War that led to the Union's victory. It lasted three days, from July 1st to July 3rd, 1863, but it accounts for the worst casualties of the entire conflict, with 23,000 on the Union side (3,100 men killed) and 28,000 for the Confederates (including 3,900 deaths). Thousands of soldiers were buried on the battlefield in mass graves - without proper rites, legend says - before being relocated to the National Military Park Cemetery for the Unionists.

Since then, legend has it, their restless souls wander, unaware the war has ended. You can find them everywhere, on the battlefield or in the town's preserved Inns and hotels turned into field hospitals back then.

Belchite, Civil War massacre - Spain

photo of sunset of old Belchite

Old Belchite, Spain

Belchite Town Council


Shy lost souls wandering and briefly appearing in front of visitors, unexplainable forces attracting some to specific places of the town, recorded noises of planes, gunshots and bombs, like forever echoes of a drama which left an open wound in Spanish history…

That wound, still unhealed, is the Spanish Civil War; and at its height in 1937, Belchite village, located in the Zaragoza Province in the northeast of Spain, represented a strategic objective of the Republican forces to take over the nearby capital city of Zaragoza.

Instead of being a simple step in their operation, it became the field of an intense battle opposing the loyalist army and that of General Francisco Franco's. Between August 24 and September 6, more than 5,000 people were killed, including half of Belchite's population. The town was left in rubble. As a way to illustrate the Republicans' violence, Franco decided to leave the old town in ruins and build a new Belchite nearby. All the survivors were relocated there, but they had to wait 15 years for it to be complete.

If nothing particular happens in new Belchite, home to around 1,500 residents, the remains of old Belchite offer their share of chilling ghost stories. Some visitors say they felt a presence, someone watching them, sudden change of temperatures and strange sounds. The ruins of the old village have been used as a film set for Terry Gilliam's The Adventures of Baron Munchausen - with the crew reporting the apparition of two women dressed in period costumes - and Guillermo del Toro's Pan's Labyrinth. And in October 1986, members of the television program "Cuarta Dimensión" (the 4th dimension) spent a night in Belchite and came back with some spooky recordings of war sounds.

Gur Emir, a conquerer’s mausoleum - Uzbekistan

photo of Gur Emir (Tomb of Timur) i

Gur Emir (Tomb of Timur) in Samarkand, Uzbekistan

Chris Bradley/Design Pics via ZUMA Wire


The news echoed through the streets and bazaars of Samarkand: "The Russian expedition will open the tomb of Tamerlane the Great. It will be our curse!" It was June 1941, and a small team of Soviet researchers began excavations in the Gur-Emir mausoleum in southeastern Uzbekistan.

The aim was to prove that the remains in the tomb did in fact belong to Tamerlane — the infamous 14th-century conqueror and first ruler of the Timurid dynasty who some historians say massacred 1% of the world's population in 1360.

Still, on June 20, despite protests from local residents and Muslim clergy, Tamerlame's tomb was cracked open — marked with the inscription: "When I Rise From the Dead, The World Shall Tremble."

Only two days later, Nazi Germany invaded the Soviet Union, with the people of Samarkand linking it to the disturbing of Tamerlane's peace. Amid local protests, the excavation was immediately wrapped up and the remains of the Turkish/Mongol conqueror were sent to Moscow. The turning point in the war came with the victory in the Battle of Stalingrad — only a month after a superstitious Stalin ordered the return of Tamerlane's remains to Samarkand where the former emperor was re-buried with full honors.

Gamla Stan, a royal massacre - Sweden

a photo of The red house of Gamla Stan, Stockholm, Sweden

The red house of Gamla Stan, Stockholm, Sweden

Unsplash/@hkblind


After Danish King Kristian II successfully invaded Sweden and was anointed King in November 1520, the new ruler called Swedish leaders to join for festivities at the royal palace in Stockholm. At dusk, after three days of wine, beer and spectacles, Danish soldiers carrying lanterns and torches entered the great hall and imprisoned the gathered nobles who were considered potential opponents of the Danish king. In the days that followed, 92 people were swiftly sentenced to death, and either hanged or beheaded on Stortorget, the main square in Gamla Stan (Old Town).

Until this day, the Stockholm Bloodbath is considered one of the most brutal events in Scandinavian history, and some people have reported visions of blood flowing across the cobblestoned square in early November. A little over a century later, a red house on the square was rebuilt as a monument for the executed — fitted with 92 white stones for each slain man. Legend has it that should one of the stones be removed, the ghost of the represented will rise from the dead and haunt the streets of Stockholm for all eternity.

Port Arthur, gruesome prison - Australia

a photo of ort Arthur Prison Settlement, Tasmania, Australia

Port Arthur Prison Settlement, Tasmania, Australia

Flickr/Eli Duke


During its 47-year history as a penal settlement, Port Arthur in southern Tasmania earned a reputation as one of the most notorious prisons in the British Empire. The institution — known for a brutal slavery system and punishment of the most hardened criminals sent from the motherland— claimed the lives of more than 1,000 inmates until its closure in 1877.

Since then, documented stories have spanned the paranormal gamut: poltergeist prisoners terrorizing visitors, weeping children roaming the port and tourists running into a weeping 'lady in blue' (apparently the spirit of a woman who died in childbirth). The museum even has an 'incidence form' ready for anyone wanting to report an otherworldly event.

Poveglia Island, plague victims - Italy

a photo of Poveglia Island, Italy

Poveglia Island, Italy

Mirco Toniolo/ROPI via ZUMA Press


Located off the coast of Venice and Lido, Poveglia sadly reunites all the classical elements of a horror movie: plagues, mass burial ground and mental institute (from the 1920's).

During the bubonic plague and other subsequent pandemics, the island served as a quarantine station for the sick and anyone showing any signs of what could be Black Death contamination. Some 160,000 victims are thought to have died there and the seven acres of land became a mass burial ground so full that it is said that human ash makes up more than 50% of Poveglia's soil.

In 1922 a retirement home for the elderly — used as a clandestine mental institution— opened on the island and with it a fair amount of rumors involving torture of patients. The hospital and consequently the whole island was closed in 1968, leaving all the dead trapped off-land.

Poveglia's terrifying past earned it the nickname of 'Island of Ghosts'. Despite being strictly off-limits to visitors, the site has been attracting paranormal activity hunters looking for the apparition of lost and angry souls. The island would be so evil that some locals say that when an evil person dies, he wakes up in Poveglia, another kind of hell.

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