When the world gets closer.

We help you see farther.

Sign up to our expressly international daily newsletter.

EL ESPECTADOR

Solar Power: Researchers Map Out Colombia's Sunshine Hotspots

Engineers in Antioquia decided to cross-reference data on solar radiation and cloud cover to encourage greater use of solar panels.

Installing solar panels in Colombia
Installing solar panels in Colombia
Mónica Monsalve

BOGOTÁ — If the world hopes to avoid the nightmare climate-change scenario spelled out in recent weeks by the IPCC, it must act quickly to embrace renewable energy sources like wind or solar power. By 2050, the panel of environmental experts urged, renewable energy systems need to provide 70-80% of the world's electricity.

Colombia is nowhere close to meeting that target, but there are people here who are working on the problem. Such is the case of the EnergEIA research team at the Universidad EIA, a private engineering school in Antioquia. With an eye on the country's solar energy potential, the researchers compiled a sunshine and radiation atlas. They mapped Colombia, in other words, to determine specifically where solar panels would work best.

The revolution isn't coming with policies but with people.

This isn't the first such atlas. The Colombian meteorological office IDEAM already has a sunshine map that it updates monthly. The EnergEIA atlas, however, is more detailed (it has a resolution of 10 square kilometers per pixel) and can thus provide more pinpoint recommendations as to where people can capture solar power.

"The idea is to give consumers a tool so they too can produce energy, says the director of the project, civil engineer Santiago Ortega. "The revolution isn't coming with policies but with people, and we want to give an initial clue on where they could install panels."

Knowledge is power

The team includes a curious mix of electrical and environmental engineers, MBA holders and even an expert on hydraulic resources. And to compile its atlas, it drew not only on information provided by IDEAM's 276 solar shine stations, but also on cloudiness data obtained by the CLARA 1 satellite. Therein lies the difference from the IDEAM solar map.

Solar panels in the Colombian sun — Photo: Mischa Keijser/Cultura/ZUMA

"We realized the IDEAM map doesn't take topography into account," Ortega explains. "In mountainous regions, there is a lot of water vapor in the form of clouds, which impedes sunlight effectively converting into energy of use to solar panels."

By crossing the data and looking at things on a more local scale, the researchers found places with considerable solar power potential that had previously been overlooked. In the Cauca and Magdalena valleys, for example, they found certain strips with intense sunshine. The foothills of the Eastern Cordillera (the Piedemonte llanero region) is another high-potential area.

Now we need people to become interested.

There is, it should be noted, a context for this project: a law passed in 2014 to hasten progression toward renewable energies. Among the guidelines set out in Ley 1715, as the somewhat obscure law is known, are rules allowing anyone to produce energy and sell excess amounts to the grid. It was with that in mind that EnergEIA's produced its atlas: to help individual energy producers decide whether putting up panels is worthwhile in their region, or perhaps more profitable in other properties they own in another region.

The team is also working on an application that will ask people where they live and how much energy they use so as to offer further guidance on a prospective solar project. "It's like when you want to buy a car," says team leader Ortega. "First you look at the options yourself. Then you go to a showroom to get more advice and details."

"The application, which feeds off the atlas, lets people know whether putting up panels makes sense in the particular place they live," he adds. "With that information they can look for an energy firm to design and quote a price for the project. Regulations have advanced a great deal and doors have been opened. Now we need people to become interested, and to have the market start growing. Once that happens, politicians will feel pressured."

You've reached your monthly limit of free articles.
To read the full article, please subscribe.
Get unlimited access. Support Worldcrunch's unique mission:
  • Exclusive coverage from the world's top sources, in English for the first time.
  • Insights from the widest range of perspectives, languages and countries
  • $2.90/month or $19.90/year. No hidden charges. Cancel anytime.
Already a subscriber? Log in

When the world gets closer, we help you see farther

Sign up to our expressly international daily newsletter!
Economy

Europe's Winter Energy Crisis Has Already Begun

in the face of Russia's stranglehold over supplies, the European Commission has proposed support packages and price caps. But across Europe, fears about the cost of living are spreading – and with it, doubts about support for Ukraine.

Protesters on Thursday in the German state of Thuringia carried Russian flags and signs: 'First our country! Life must be affordable.'

Martin Schutt/dpa via ZUMA
Stefanie Bolzen, Philipp Fritz, Virginia Kirst, Martina Meister, Mandoline Rutkowski, Stefan Schocher, Claus, Christian Malzahn and Nikolaus Doll

-Analysis-

In her State of the Union address on September 14, European Commission chief Ursula von der Leyen, issued an urgent appeal for solidarity between EU member states in tackling the energy crisis, and towards Ukraine. Von der Leyen need only look out her window to see that tensions are growing in capital cities across Europe due to the sharp rise in energy prices.

Stay up-to-date with the latest on the Russia-Ukraine war, with our exclusive international coverage.

Sign up to our free daily newsletter.

In the Czech Republic, people are already taking to the streets, while opposition politicians elsewhere are looking to score points — and some countries' support for Ukraine may start to buckle.

With winter approaching, Europe is facing a true test of both its mettle, and imagination.

Keep reading...Show less

When the world gets closer, we help you see farther

Sign up to our expressly international daily newsletter!
You've reached your monthly limit of free articles.
To read the full article, please subscribe.
Get unlimited access. Support Worldcrunch's unique mission:
  • Exclusive coverage from the world's top sources, in English for the first time.
  • Insights from the widest range of perspectives, languages and countries
  • $2.90/month or $19.90/year. No hidden charges. Cancel anytime.
Already a subscriber? Log in
Writing contest - My pandemic story
THE LATEST
FOCUS
TRENDING TOPICS

Central to the tragic absurdity of this war is the question of language. Vladimir Putin has repeated that protecting ethnic Russians and the Russian-speaking populations of Ukraine was a driving motivation for his invasion.

Yet one month on, a quick look at the map shows that many of the worst-hit cities are those where Russian is the predominant language: Kharkiv, Odesa, Kherson.

Watch VideoShow less
MOST READ