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Books Amid Bullets: A Makeshift School In Syria

More than two million Syrian children have lost all access to education. In western Syria, one principal is looking to change things.

Syrian kids attending school
Syrian kids attending school
Subhi Franjieh

ZABADANI — This town in western Syria has been under siege by government forces for more than two years. Most of its buildings have been destroyed by shelling, and Zabadani's infrastructure, including school buildings, is practically gone.

Across Syria, the United Nations estimates that close to 2.3 million Syrian girls and boys have no access to education, or are in danger of dropping out of school or being cut off because of continuing violence.

Some Syrians have created local education initiatives to return children to the classroom. Sereen, a Zabadani resident in her forties who holds only a high school diploma, opened a small school for local children to teach basic reading, writing and mathematics. She is now effectively the school principal, overseeing a team of six local volunteer teachers and 60 students who study for two hours a day in a donated home.

The house, which belongs to a fellow Zabadani citizen, has been converted into makeshift classrooms. Sereen discusses the dangers of operating a classroom in a village under siege.

SYRIA DEEPLY: How did the idea come to you and how did you take the first step towards realizing this initiative?
: One day, I was visiting a relative. Her son, an 8-year-old, was randomly drawing In his notebook. I asked him if he could write his name, and he said he couldn't. At that moment I realized how catastrophic the education situation is.

I contacted teachers, and they were willing to help. One of the people of Zabadani donated his house as a place for a school. We took the idea to the local opposition council. The council refused at first, out of fear that the children would be in danger while out in public. But the teachers and I collected signatures from parents, a petition that said they agreed to send their children to school. So the council caved. At the beginning, we had 22 teachers and 150 students.

How did you get the required equipment and textbooks? How are you covering costs?
We brought any remaining seats over from shelled schools, as well as books, chalk and boards. The teachers all volunteered and have refused to take money for their work – they believe in their mission and they know that resources are scarce. Work hours are divided into a morning shift for elementary classes and an afternoon shift for higher levels.

Has the school ever been attacked? If so, how did you convince the parents to send their children to school again?
It was shelled on a Saturday, five months after we started. We were hit by a barrel bomb — after the afternoon shift was over, fortunately. The damage was not big compared to the damage in the neighboring houses. Neither students nor teachers were hurt. But the parents were very frightened to send their children to school again. It wasn't easy to persuade them.

So, we monitored the pattern of the barrels and found that early morning is the safest time. We decided to hold classes for two hours only, from 7 a.m. to 9 a.m. But parents were still afraid to send their children to school, which led to a decrease in the number of students and teachers. We now have 60 students and six teachers.

Our school now teaches only elementary grades, first to sixth. Parents bring their children to school and wait for them until the end of their classes. Fortunately, some parents here realize the importance of education even in our catastrophic circumstances.

We're trying to keep parents' spirits up to make sure they keep sending their children to school. As teachers, we are not going to stop, no matter how many shells and barrels are dropped upon us. We realize how dangerous it is to lose all education. To be honest with you, our concerns of losing the school are bigger than our hopes of developing or improving it.

Have you tried to get more funding or aid from foreign relief groups?
Several international relief organizations offered to finance the initiative, but we refused for two reasons. Being publicly and widely known would endanger our school. And we didn't want too much interference that might affect the precarious way the school functions.

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FOCUS: Russia-Ukraine War

A New Survey Of Ukrainian Refugees: Here's What Will Bring Them Back Home

With the right support, Ukrainians are ready to return, even to new parts of the country where they've never lived.

photo of people looking at a destroyed building with a wall containing a Banksy work

People look at a Banksy work on a wall of a building destroyed by the Russian army, in the town of Borodyanka, northwest of Kyiv.

Sergei Chuzavkov / SOPA Images via ZUMA Press Wire
Daria Mykhailishyna

After Russia's full-scale invasion of Ukraine began, millions of Ukrainians fled their homes and went abroad. Many remain outside Ukraine. The Center for Economic Strategy and the Info Sapiens research agency surveyed these Ukrainian war refugees to learn more about who they are and how they feel about going home.

According to the survey, half of Ukrainians who went abroad are children. Among adults, most (83%) are women, and most (42%) are aged 35-49.

Stay up-to-date with the latest on the Russia-Ukraine war, with our exclusive international coverage.

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Most Ukrainian refugees have lost their income due to the war: 12% do not have enough money to buy food, and 28% have enough only for food.

The overwhelming majority of adult refugees (70%) have higher education. This figure is much higher than the share of people with higher education in Ukraine (29%) and the EU (33%).

The majority of Ukrainian refugees reside in Poland (38%), Germany (20%), the Czech Republic (12%), and Italy (6%). In these countries, they can obtain temporary protection, giving them the right to stay, work, and access healthcare and education systems.

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