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A Trump rally last month in Iowa
A Trump rally last month in Iowa
Eduardo Barajas Sandoval

BOGOTA — The U.S. presidential elections have left the two main parties stunned. Amid acrid debates filled with harsh words and the insolence of one billionaire candidate, raw emotions have turned out to be more potent than any substantial solutions proposed by the candidates for their country.

Faced with the populism of the tycoon Donald Trump, the aggressive tactics of the two candidates with Cuban roots (Marco Rubio and Ted Cruz) or the option of returning to the embrace of either the Bush or Clinton dynasties, voters appear to react with a mix of bewilderment and outright revulsion.

The Republicans are straying ever further from a stable tradition of relying on certain principles, ideals and aspirations, and find themselves at a disconcerting juncture: They have yet to find a candidate that faithfully represents what they want and who they are. And that one particular candidate, barging into politics from the business world, has brought with him all the aggressive manners and absence of politesse so typical of his brand of capitalism.

The others, children of Cubans, have made quite a rapid rise compared to descendants of 19th-century migrants, in entering an arena that so had far been the preserve of mostly White Anglo-Saxon Protestant (WASP) Americans. The only representative of traditional Republicans looking for their sensible, trustable leader, was Jeb Bush: reserved, painfully predictable and tied to a dynasty that cannot escape or justify its historical mistakes. And now, his candidacy is history.

Two Cubans and a Kenyan

Amid the confusion of voters and candidates alike, a season of disruption has arrived, announcing the rise of a new Right in the United States — and who would have thought it, a new Left as well. This is a Right whose divisive discourse may push it further into populist territory. Indeed the declarations heard so far seemed designed more to agitate than set out a program of governance. Something similar is happening in the Democratic camp, where Bernie Sanders has attacked Wall Street with the same, exalted tone, denouncing vast income inequality and the unjust exercise of economic power. This is something many think but few dare say out loud, because nobody has or had ever reached the White House with a discourse loaded with such blunt talk against basic capitalist principles.

Still, voters of both parties don't quite know where all this rebellion will lead them. They increasingly see their current representatives as a step back in time. But the Trump option carries with it the risk of utter ineptitude and the incapacity to deal with issues that are far more complicated and less autonomously resolved than those that come with running your personal company. At the end of the day, turning over the national and international game board is not a reliable option.

As for the "Cuban" candidates, they do themselves a tremendous disfavor trying to be what they are not, and daring to cross certain ideological fences that violate their own Hispanic surnames. For many, voting for either of them would be as radical as the Democrats who voted for Obama, son of a Kenyan father.

Unhappy with the state of the country, nostalgic of times that will not return and susceptible to populist or radical temptations, U.S. voters seem only to know that they want something different without knowing where to find it. As bitter accusations and convoluted primaries continue, we might agree with the university professor who said that so far, the winners of the Republican debates have been the Democrats. Perhaps that's the best news we have to report.

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Society

Colombia Celebrates Its Beloved Drug For The Ages, Coffee

This essential morning drink for millions worldwide was once considered an addictive menace, earning itself a ban on pain of death in the Islamic world.

Colombia's star product: coffee beans.

Julián López de Mesa Samudio

-Essay-

BOGOTÁ — October 1st is International Coffee Day. Recently it seems as if every day of the calendar year commemorates something — but for Colombia, coffee is indeed special.

For almost a century now we have largely tied our national destiny, culture and image abroad to this drink. Indeed it isn't just Colombia's star product, it became through the course of the 20th century the world's favorite beverage — and the most commonly used drug to boost work output.

Precisely for its stimulating qualities — and for being a mild drug — coffee was not always celebrated, and its history is peppered with the kinds of bans, restrictions and penalties imposed on the 'evil' drugs of today.

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