EL ESPECTADOR

Why Colombia May Be Primed For A Social Explosion

The long lockdown period has only added to the frustrations people feel about their country's unresolved class disparities, crass politics and history of violence.

Relatives of inmates rushed to the prison where the riot broke out in Bogota, Colombia
Relatives of inmates rushed to the prison where the riot broke out in Bogota, Colombia
Miguel Villa Uribe

-OpEd-

BOGOTÁ — Every good crisis unveils and exacerbates a society's deep-seated problems, and this crisis in particular — no doubt the biggest in modern times — has our backs to the wall. The limits of power and tolerance are being tested, people are starving or drowning in debt, and calls for unity just won't cut it. We're victims of our own system and we don't know what to do about it.

Months ago we watched in horror the film Joker, and today we're seeing it again, for real, in news reports from the United States. Here in Colombia we wait in a state of tense calm as institutions and the economy crumble. We may be jaded for seeing so many dismal events in our country, but calm can give way to explosion the moment people lose what we cherish most: the status quo.

After the incidents in Minnesota, Americans have risen against the system, a system that cannot, for all its efforts, end the deep-seated, culturally ingrained racism in its institutions. Prejudice is passed down from father to son in the dominant community, including within the ranks of U.S. police forces. It's a fact, even if history white-washes the role racism has played in the country's social evolution.

When things seem like they can't possible get any worse, a social revolution erupts that helps advance communal rights. The anomaly in this case is Donald Trump. He should be the person urging unity and acting as supreme guarantor of equality in the United States. But as usual, he keeps doing the opposite, and has sought to suppress the marches with all the brutality he can muster. As he has done before, he cites "dark forces' at work to negate the reality of his country's problems. It may cost him dear, prove to be a last-straw type of scenario, and ruin his chances of reelection.

All this is awakening the world. We love American trends. Nobody protests or says it like they do. Nobody has social protests as epic as theirs! Add to this the social networks and you have an immediate, albeit confused, world revolution.

In Colombia we try to emulate this revolutionary clamor. And yet for some reason, we never seem to do it the right way. Our problems differ in many ways from those of the United States. First, we do not have systematic oppression of our black communities. We simply oppress the lower classes, whatever their skin color. If this revolution is to be of any use, let it tackle our real problem: classism bred by the longstanding, historical struggle of our political parties.

The war between Liberals and Conservatives may seem like ancient history, but all that's really changed since then are the names of the parties. Hostilities between the Right and Left persist, though there is also a political center now, which conservatives denounce as tepid for not taking sides. They prefer the ruthless factionalism that has fueled class warfare since the 19th century, and is so clearly manifest today in the systematic murders of community leaders.

ZUMA_peaceful_protests_colombia_EE_inside

Peaceful protests in Cali, Colombia, one week after nationwide strikes Photo: Nano Calvo

Add to that the protests that took place earlier in the year and were cut short by the COVID-19 lockdown, which has only exacerbated frustrations, and what we're looking at is a veritable pressure cooker, one that's bringing us closer, perhaps, to something like the infamous Bogotazo of 1948. Those murderous riots were a tragic landmark in our history and the prelude to the decade of civil war remembered simply as La Violencia (the violence).

Already last year we could see an intensification of protests due to social discontent, and once the quarantine is lifted, the demonstrations are more than likely to continue.

The disconcerting aspect is the similarity between our government and Trump's in managing a crisis. The only clarity in their actions relates to political goals, and they will go after any critic who dares disrupt their plans. This isn't working for the United States, and it won't work here, where the posturing of people like Attorney General Francisco Barbosa — who brazenly sympathizes with the country's most right-wing elements — threatens the system of checks and balances.

The legislature, in the meantime, is devoting its time to trivia (with motions to declare the Antioquian satchel part of our Cultural Heritage) instead of challenging an administration that has clearly overstepped its prerogatives since the state of emergency began. Let us hope Congress returns to form and restores the balance of powers — before society explodes. If not, we may very well see protests like those of the United States or worse, with something reminiscent of the dark days of La Violencia.

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Society

A Mother In Spain Denied Child Custody Because She Lives In Rural Area

A court in Spain usurps custody of the one-year-old boy living with his mother in the "deep" part of the Galicia region, forced to instead live with his father in the southern city of Marbella, which the judge says is "cosmopolitan" with good schools and medical care. Women's rights groups have taken up the mother's case.

A child in Galician countryside

Laure Gautherin

A Spanish court has ordered the withdrawal of a mother's custody of her one-year-old boy because she is living in the countryside in northwestern Spain, where the judge says the child won't have "opportunities for the proper development of his personality."

The case, reported Monday in La Voz de Galicia, has sparked outrage from a women's rights association but has also set off reactions from politicians of different stripes across the province of Galicia, defending the values of rural life.


Judge María Belén Ureña Carazo, of the family court of Marbella, a city on the southern coast of 141,000 people, has ordered the toddler to stay with father who lives in the city rather than with his mother because she was living in "deep Galicia" where the child would lack opportunities to "grow up in a happy environment."

Front page of La Voz de Galicia - October 25, 2021

Front page of La Voz de Galicia - Monday 25 October, 2021

La Voz de Galicia

Better in a "cosmopolitan" city?


The judge said Marbella, where the father lives, was a "cosmopolitan city" with "a good hospital" as well as "all kinds of schools" and thus provided a better environment for the child to thrive.

The mother has submitted a formal complaint to the General Council of the Judiciary that the family court magistrate had acted with "absolute contempt," her lawyer told La Voz de Galicia.

The mother quickly accumulated support from local politicians and civic organizations. The Clara Campoamor association described the judge's arguments as offensive, intolerable and typical of "an ignorant person who has not traveled much."

The Xunta de Galicia, the regional government, has addressed the case, saying that any place in Galicia meets the conditions to educate a minor. The Socialist party politician Pablo Arangüena tweeted that "it would not hurt part of the judiciary to spend a summer in Galicia."

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