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EL ESPECTADOR

In Venezuela, Washington Returns To Its Imperialist Ways

The United States is meddling in the region again in line with big-money interests and the imperialist tradition set off in the late 19th century.

Protester in Caracas on Jan. 23
Protester in Caracas on Jan. 23
Reinaldo Spitaletta

BOGOTÁ — As the Venezuelan crisis unfolds, one can hear the clash of disagreements. The United States has no business meddling in the affairs of other nations. The enlightened concept of national sovereignty is not yet dead: People must resolve their internal conflicts without foreign interference. Why promote a coup? Does Washington, and especially President Trump's little "gang" (to paraphrase Philip Roth's description of Richard Nixon), even care about seeing a legal or democratic resolution of Venezuela's internal conflict?

There are multiple interests at play here, all to do with natural resources, which the United States has long believed to be its property. This is the stick-wielding country of Manifest Destiny, with its lengthy history of interventions in Latin America. Its first little steps, after helping detach Panama from Colombia, were in Cuba (1906-9), invading the Dominican Republic (1916-24) and in Haiti's military occupation (1915-34) after a presidential assassination.

These followed the interventionist guidelines set by President Theodore Roosevelt in his 1905 Corollary to the Monroe Doctrine. If a nation, he stated, could act "with reasonable efficiency and decency in social and political matters' and keep "order and pay its obligations, it need fear no interference from the United States." On the back of those words, the United States proceeded to impose its authority southward, from Mexico to Patagonia.

Whenever they wanted, they invaded, or concocted some fight or commotion to suit their needs. They deposed awkward rulers, and paved the way for the arrival of their big corporations. Many of these carved out enclaves for themselves in their effective colonies, like the United Fruit Company in Central America and Colombia. The firm helped orchestrate, with the CIA, the 1954 coup that toppled Guatemala's democratic president, Jacobo Árbenz.

It has again pressed the intervention button in Venezuela.

After World War II, the creation of the U.S. Army School of the Americas was hardly a philanthropic act. It is where they bred their "creole" criminals, like Argentina's Leopoldo Galtieri or Panama's Manuel Noriega. In 1959, the U.S. backed Cuban exiles in a failed bid to invade their communist-ruled island, in one of the many, harsh and anti-democratic interventions that marked the Cold War. The 40-year standoff between the United States and the Soviet Union would turn the continent into a low-intensity battlefield.

Today it has again pressed the intervention button in Venezuela, even as more and more people are demanding a peaceful resolution there, without violation of sovereignty, international law or regional relations. A group of intellectuals and civic leaders including the academic Noam Chomsky, have accused the Trump administration and "allies' — like the Secretary-General of the Organization of American States and Brazil's new, right-wing president — of pushing Venezuela "to the precipice." They have publicly urged them to back dialogue inside Venezuela, instead of fomenting "chaos."

If the Venezuelan situation does not resolve itself by the civilized means of communication (which seems far from likely today), then it can degenerate into a regional fire with unpredictable consequences.

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Society

Colombia Celebrates Its Beloved Drug For The Ages, Coffee

This essential morning drink for millions worldwide was once considered an addictive menace, earning itself a ban on pain of death in the Islamic world.

Colombia's star product: coffee beans.

Julián López de Mesa Samudio

-Essay-

BOGOTÁ — October 1st is International Coffee Day. Recently it seems as if every day of the calendar year commemorates something — but for Colombia, coffee is indeed special.

For almost a century now we have largely tied our national destiny, culture and image abroad to this drink. Indeed it isn't just Colombia's star product, it became through the course of the 20th century the world's favorite beverage — and the most commonly used drug to boost work output.

Precisely for its stimulating qualities — and for being a mild drug — coffee was not always celebrated, and its history is peppered with the kinds of bans, restrictions and penalties imposed on the 'evil' drugs of today.

Keep reading...Show less

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