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Ideas

An Open Letter To Netanyahu, From A Notable "Jew Of The Diaspora"

The Polish-French writer Marek Halter addresses a letter to Israel’s leader warning him against the undercurrents of his government that threaten the very essence of the Jewish state.

Photo of at Habima Square, protesting Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu's government judicial reform plan.

In Tel Aviv, Israelis gather at Habima Square, protesting Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu's government judicial reform plan.

Eyal Warshavsky/SOPA Images via ZUMA
Marek Halter



—Open Letter—

Dear Mr. Prime Minister, Benjamin Netanyahu,

I can imagine your surprise upon receiving this letter. A little over 40 years ago, I sent a similar one to then Prime Minister Menachem Begin, in which I reminded him of the principles that bind us, the Jews of the Diaspora, to those of the State of Israel. Mr. Begin understood my approach and replied to me in an open letter to the press a few days later.

As with Begin, you and I belong to the two antagonistic currents of thought that concern our people: that of the Zealots and that of the Pharisees. The first wanted to be the secular arm of the Lord, the second, his word and voice.


I must admit that, if force could not preserve the Jewish people from exile, the book did not protect them from barbarism either. For there is no redemption if one of these two principles is achieved at the exclusion of the other.

The future of Israel 

In our world filled with violence, for every state, and especially for Israel which, unlike other countries, cannot survive a defeat, determination and strength are strong guarantees of existence. But they are not the only ones.

From the school of Yavneh in Judea to the academies of Nehardea and Pumbedita in Babylonia, via wisemen, scribes and scholars such as Rachi in France or Spinoza in the Netherlands, all have built a stronghold around the Law where Jews, in the land of their ancestors or in the Diaspora, have been able to lay down their collective fate. Freud calls this stronghold "the invisible edifice of Judaism.”

As a guardian of this edifice, among others, as the prophets of the Bible did, I take the liberty of calling political leaders to order, when they deviate from the moral principles that are meant to unite us. Respect for these principles is as necessary for Israel's existence as the security of its borders. And yet, the recent statements of some of your government ministers prove that they have ignored it.

A normal people

I will end on an anecdote that will amuse you. In 1968, I visited David Ben Gurion in his house in Sde Boker, a farm in the heart of the Negev desert. He was visibly pleased to receive a young French intellectual who had crossed the vastness of Russia to Kazakhstan, and to Uzbekistan, before finally finding refuge in Paris, thus embodying a part of Jewish history. After lunch prepared by his wife Paula, he offered to drop me off in Tel Aviv.

His car was comfortable, although not air-conditioned, and the windows were rolled down. At the entrance of the city, the car stopped at a red light, not far from the old opera house where he had celebrated the proclamation of the State of Israel in 1948.

A young woman approached the car and leaning towards me, said in Yiddish: Dou kimst? Are you coming?” She was a Jewish prostitute! Who on top of that spoke my mother’s language! I was shocked. Ben Gurion laughed. "You see, we are finally a normal people”, he said, “I bet we even have our own thieves, our own corrupters, our own scoundrels...!"

He was about to continue with the list of pariahs that threaten all the states of the world when, furious, I interrupted him, "But David, I don't want to be normal!"

PHoto of \u200bIsraeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu chairs a cabinet meeting in Jerusalem, on January 15,

Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu chairs a cabinet meeting in Jerusalem, on January 15,

Israeli Prime Minister Office/APA Images via ZUMA

Pursuit of justice 

I knew that thanks to those in history who had opposed such normality, Jewish people had survived exile, persecution and even the Shoah. What I did not know was that one day in the not-too-distant future, an Israeli government would attack the Supreme Court of Justice that Ben Gurion had built in order to prevent politicians from twisting the Law in their favor. Or to change the constitution as they pleased.

This same Supreme Court has been admired by democracies around the world. Finally, I did not know that we, the victims of religious persecution, would one day risk reigniting the religious war for no other reason than the ambition of a minister in your government.

I understand that my convictions may upset you, as a politician who has made promises to his voters. But as a man with a sense of responsibility toward history, you should be pleased that there are still Jews in the Diaspora and in Israel to counter this normality which threatens democracy and undermines that call so dear to Abraham: "Justice, justice shall you pursue."

In wishing peace for all of Israel, please accept, Mr. Prime Minister, my most respectful sentiments.


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Geopolitics

Idlib Nightmare: How Syria's Lingering Civil War Is Blocking Earthquake Aid

Across the border from the epicenter in Turkey, the Syrian region of Idlib is home to millions of people displaced by the 12-year-long civil war. The victims there risk not getting assistance because of the interests of Syrian leader Bashar al-Assad, reminding the world of one of the great unresolved conflicts of our times.

Photo of Syrian civilians inspecting a destroyed residential building in Idlib after the earthquake

A destroyed residential building in Idlib after the earthquake

Pierre Haski

-Analysis-

Faced with a disaster of the magnitude of the earthquakes that struck Turkey and Syria, one imagines a world mobilized to bring relief to the victims, where all barriers and borders disappear. Unfortunately, this is only an illusion in such a complex and scarred corner of the world.

Yes, there's been an instant international outpouring of countries offering assistance and rescue teams converging on the disaster zones affected by the earthquakes. It is a race against time to save lives.

But even in such dramatic circumstances, conflict, hatred and competing interests do not somehow vanish by magic.

Sometimes, victims of natural disasters face a double price. This is the case for the 4.5 million inhabitants of Idlib, a region located in northwestern Syria, which was directly hit by the earthquake. So far, the toll there has reached at least 900 people killed, thousands injured and countless others left homeless in the harsh winter.

The inhabitants of Idlib, two-thirds of whom are displaced from other regions of Syria, live in an area that is still beyond the control of Bashar al-Assad, and they've been 90% dependent on international aid... which has not been arriving.

To put maximum pressure on these millions of people, the Syrian government and its Russian ally have gradually restricted the ability to get humanitarian aid to them.

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