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Japan

As Trump Revs Up Car Industry Rhetoric, Japan Should Ride It Out

A BMW plant in Spartanburg, U.S.A.
Toyota plant in Ohira

-Editorial-

TOKYO — It is a situation in which automobile trade issues could develop into new friction between Japan and the United States. Japan must counter the United States appropriately without giving in to baseless criticism.

Prime Minister Shinzo Abe and Toyota President Akio Toyoda held a meeting. Their talks were apparently intended to coordinate public-private efforts to respond to pressure against Japan from U.S. President Donald Trump ahead of a meeting between the two leaders Friday, which is expected to focus on auto trade.

Trump blasted Toyota's plan to build a new plant in Mexico and prodded the automaker to produce cars in the United States. Toyota then announced new investment plans in the United States, but Trump has yet to mention the announcement.

In the United States, the middle-income class, which was built largely through mass employment by companies such as the three major automakers, has been struggling for reasons such as the streamlining of factories. Frustration in industrial areas pushed Trump to the presidency. This is why Trump is fixated on auto production in the United States.

Nevertheless, taking aim at Japanese automobiles is off the mark.

Sixty percent of Japanese vehicles sold in the U.S. market are produced in the United States. In the wake of Japan-U.S. friction in the 1980s and "90s, Japanese automakers increasingly made a shift from exports to local production.

Japanese automakers have now created 1.5 million jobs in the United States, including those in parts and sales areas. Toyota has stressed his company's efforts to fit into U.S. society, saying, "We're also one of America's carmakers."

Contributions by Japanese companies through investment and employment are significant. Trump should accurately recognize this.

Trump criticized Japan's market as closed, claiming that Japan makes it difficult to sell U.S. cars in Japan.

This criticism is also inaccurate.

The United States levies a tariff of 2.5 percent on Japanese auto imports, but Japan has already removed its tariff on U.S. automobiles.

Japan's safety standards, seen by Washington as problematic, cannot be called non-tariff barriers. Tokyo has taken such measures as allowing U.S. auto exports into Japan if they meet European safety standards.

U.S. auto sales in Japan stand at about 10,000 a year in total. It is in stark contrast to Mercedes-Benz, BMW and other European brands, which sell tens of thousands of units each.

U.S. automakers have yet to exhaust efforts to cater to the Japanese market such as by launching small and attractive models.

It is speculated that sluggish U.S. auto demand is attributable to the U.S. automakers' failure to make efforts to produce automobiles attractive to consumers compared with their Japanese and European rivals.

Trump's criticism of Japan guiding the yen lower meshes with the claims of the U.S. auto industry. Even when the yen was stronger, U.S. auto sales were lackluster. It is also unreasonable to use foreign exchange markets, which move based on various factors, as a tool to shore up specific trade items.

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Society

In Northern Kenya, Where Climate Change Is Measured In Starving Children

The worst drought in 40 years, which has deepened from the effects of climate change, is hitting the young the hardest around the Horn of Africa. A close-up look at the victims, and attempts to save lives and limit lasting effects on an already fragile region in Kenya.

Photo of five mothers holding their malnourished children

At feeding time, nurses and aides encourage mothers to socialize their children and stimulate them to eat.

Georgina Gustin

KAKUMA — The words "Stabilization Ward" are painted in uneven black letters above the entrance, but everyone in this massive refugee camp in Kakuma, Kenya, calls it ya maziwa: The place of milk.

Rescue workers and doctors, mothers and fathers, have carried hundreds of starving children through the doors of this one-room hospital wing, which is sometimes so crowded that babies and toddlers have to share beds. A pediatric unit is only a few steps away, but malnourished children don’t go there. They need special care, and even that doesn’t always save them.

In an office of the International Rescue Committee nearby, Vincent Opinya sits behind a desk with figures on dry-erase boards and a map of the camp on the walls around him. “We’ve lost 45 children this year due to malnutrition,” he says, juggling emergencies, phone calls, and texts. “We’re seeing a significant increase in malnutrition cases as a result of the drought — the worst we’ve faced in 40 years.”

From January to June, the ward experienced an 800 percent rise in admissions of children under 5 who needed treatment for malnourishment — a surge that aid groups blame mostly on a climate change-fueled drought that has turned the region into a parched barren.

Opinya, the nutrition manager for the IRC here, has had to rattle off these statistics many times, but the reality of the numbers is starting to crack his professional armor. “It’s a very sad situation,” he says, wearily. And he believes it will only get worse. A third year of drought is likely on the way.

More children may die. But millions will survive malnutrition and hunger only to live through a compromised future, researchers say. The longer-term health effects of this drought — weakened immune systems, developmental problems — will persist for a generation or more, with consequences that will cascade into communities and societies for decades.

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