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In The News

Worldcrunch Magazine #44 — Italy's Inferno

July 31 - August 6, 2023

Worldcrunch Magazine #44 — Italy's Inferno

This is the latest edition of Worldcrunch Magazine, a selection of our best articles of the week from the best international journalists, produced exclusively in English for Worldcrunch readers.


This week's cover story, by Stefania Auci and Simonetta Sciandivasci, for Italian daily newspaper La Stampa, dives into the flames of Sicily, where "everything is burning" amid weeks of untamable wildfires. The story looks at how fires, often started deliberately, have been made worse by recent extreme heatwaves. Faced with the government's inaction and shortages in firefighter staff and equipment, local farmers and residents are left to put out the fires on their own.

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Table of Contents

Sicily, My Sicily - A Lament From Inside The Inferno | La Stampa By Stefania Auci

Putin & Lukashenko, Sowing Seeds Of Discord Between Ukraine and Poland | Worldcrunch By Katarzyna Skiba & Michal Kubala

Why Erdogan Is Watching Modi’s Seduction Of The West So Closely | Diken By Bahadır Kaynak

Synod Forecast: The Pope Wants A More Inclusive Catholic Church | Clarín By Sergio Rubin

The Fossil Fuel Industry Owes Trillions In Climate Reparations | La Marea By Aida Cuenca

A Dark Journey Into Hong Kong’s World Of LGBTQ Conversion | The Initium By Bao Bao

On The Limits Of Our Modern Obsession With “Resilience” | Ethic By David Lorenzo Cardiel

Barbie’s Mom: How Ruth Handler Created An American Idol | Gazeta Wyborcza By Dominika Wantuch

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The Unsustainable Future Of Fish Farming — On Vivid Display In Turkish Waters

Currently, 60% of Turkey's fish currently comes from cultivation, also known as fish farming, compared to just 10% two decades ago. The short-sightedness of this shift risks eliminating fishing output from both the farms and the open seas along Turkey's 5,200 miles of coastline.

Photograph of two fishermen throwing a net into the Tigris river in Turkey.

Traditional fishermen on the Tigris river, Turkey.

Dûrzan Cîrano/Wikimeidia
İrfan Donat

ISTANBUL — Turkey's annual fish production includes 515,000 tons from cultivation and 335,000 tons came from fishing in open waters. In other words, 60% of Turkey's fish currently comes from cultivation, also known as fish farming.

It's a radical shift from just 20 years ago when some 600,000 tons, or 90% of the total output, came from fishing. Now, researchers are warning the current system dominated by fish farming is ultimately unsustainable in the country with 8,333 kilometers (5,177 miles) long.

Professor Mustafa Sarı from the Maritime Studies Faculty of Bandırma 17 Eylül University believes urgent action is needed: “Why were we getting 600,000 tons of fish from the seas in the 2000’s and only 300,000 now? Where did the other 300,000 tons of fish go?”

Professor Sarı is challenging the argument from certain sectors of the industry that cultivation is the more sustainable approach. “Now we are feeding the fish that we cultivate at the farms with the fish that we catch from nature," he explained. "The fish types that we cultivate at the farms are sea bass, sea bram, trout and salmon, which are fed with artificial feed produced at fish-feed factories. All of these fish-feeds must have a significant amount of fish flour and fish oil in them.”

That fish flour and fish oil inevitably must come from the sea. "We have to get them from natural sources. We need to catch 5.7 kilogram of fish from the seas in order to cultivate a sea bream of 1 kg," Sarı said. "Therefore, we are feeding the fish to the fish. We cannot cultivate fish at the farms if the fish in nature becomes extinct. The natural fish need to be protected. The consequences would be severe if the current policy is continued.”

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