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"Fed By The Dead" - India Crematorium Pours Profits Back Into Cycle Of Life

From helping the homeless to investing in schools, the Anjali Thagana Medai dedicates its profits to ways to help the living of the whole community

"Fed By The Dead" - India Crematorium Pours Profits Back Into Cycle Of Life

The Anjali Thagana Medai crematorium set up a park in 2018

Kavitha Muralidharan

MADURAI — Forty-seven-year-old Madhan Karuppaiah’s day typically starts at nine in the morning when he leaves his apartment at Andalpuram in Madurai to visit two temples and a railway junction. Strangely, the purpose is neither pray nor travel. Outside the temples and the junction, Madhan and a volunteer working with him distribute food pockets to 100-odd women and men.

“Today, the menu is sambhar rice, pickle and an appalam, we try to maintain some kind of variety,” says Madhan. He has been doing this since the lockdown was imposed during the first wave of COVID-19. “Few days into the lockdown, it struck some of us that there were people who had absolutely no one to turn to. So, we decided to give food to those living on the streets.”

His next stop is oddly an electric crematorium.

Three kilometers away from his place at Keezhathurai Moolakarai is Anjali Thagana Medai (Anjali crematorium) maintained by the Rotary Midtown of Madurai along with the Madurai Corporation. Madhan, as part of Rotary Midtown, is in charge of the crematorium.

“The 100-odd people we served food today,” says Madhan, “were fed by the ‘dead’.”

Contribution to many causes

Since Madhan took over, whatever funds the Anjali Thagana Medai saves every month, has gone into serving those in need. “In a way, this means the dead are helping the living,” he says.

It started as a small gesture from 12 employees of Anjali Thagana Medai who reached out to assist those affected in the 2018 Gaja cyclone. “We had no idea how it all started, but suddenly there were discussions about helping the victims of the Gaja cyclone. Instead of contributing to relief material, one of us suggested that we build a classroom for a school affected by the cyclone. The employees came forward to contribute a day’s salary and we added the crematorium’s own money to it.”

Today the government school at Vedaranyam, a coastal town at Nagapattinam district, approximately 250 kilometers away from Anjali Thagana Medai in Madurai, has a ‘smart’ classroom, built at a cost of Rs 3.75 lakh ($424,000). The Panchayat Union Primary School at Vadamalairastha in Vedaranyam now has 95 students.

“When I joined the school in 2016, we had 16 students,” says S. Rajendran, the headmaster. “With the ‘smart’ classroom, we use YouTube videos to teach our kids and that has helped a lot. Though there was a lockdown due to COVID-19, students continued to show interest in learning.”

Honoring Gandhi

The primary school has won district-level awards for being the best in the locality, and was just a starting point for its benefactors.

In 2019, to mark Mahatma Gandhi’s 150th birth anniversary, some organisations came together to organise a rally. The rally covered various places Gandhi had visited in Tamil Nadu. Anjali Thagana Medai was one of the sponsors.

“We served food to students of eight corporation schools. Some teachers also volunteered to take after-school classes for students of Classes 10 and 12. At least two schools saw 100% of its students graduate. This was before COVID-19 though,” recalls Madhan.

There have also been other ways in which the Anjali Thagna Medai has reached out to the ‘living’. The funds have been used to provide inverters to two police stations, and to provide food, travel expenses and an incentive for student volunteers of Keezhadi excavations and more.

For a single cremation, the Anjali Thagana Medai charges Rs 1,350 ($18). It has around 12 employees – among whom are two supervisors, three machine operators, three cleaning staff, one security personnel and one person for housekeeping.

“After paying all of them and spending some money on maintenance, we could still save Rs 50,000 ($660) a month. Since we are not profit-oriented, we are using the money for other purposes,” explains Madhan.

The crematorium employs 12 people in total

Kavitha Muralidharan/The Wire

COVID-19 changed things

It was before COVID-19 that the team which took over in 2018 after a long-drawn legal battle decided to use the funds for better purposes. But COVID-19 has changed things and the number of dead bodies the crematorium has received on a daily basis has gone up drastically.

“It’s been very stressful,” admits 33-year-old R.Venkatesh, who works at Anjali Thagana Medai. “Ever since the pandemic struck, we have been handling a minimum of 400 cases every month. The situation in the second wave was even worse. But even after the second wave, we have realised that people hardly care. I really wish to drag them who roam around without masks to our crematorium and let them observe for a day. I can’t think of a better way to educate them.”

We see the dead going without a proper farewell.

Since COVID-19 struck, Venkatesh has not gone home. Along with friends, he stays at a place close by, to ensure that he doesn’t pass on any infections to his family.

“You know what has changed with COVID-19? Earlier at the crematorium, it was different. Every death was crowded. People would come in large numbers to mourn their loved ones. It has changed now. We see the dead going without a proper farewell. We see a husband standing alone to send off his wife. We have seen children whose parents have died and they come almost alone.

A few days ago, a mother of a four-year-old passed away, he says. “A 27-year-old pregnant mother passed away and we cremated her here. She had a two-year-old. There have been many such instances. Many people could have lived longer if only we haven’t had this COVID-19. People are dying. Nobody deserves to die like this. If these deaths are capable of teaching us anything at all, it is just this: ‘Wear your masks, get vaccinated’,” says 50-year-old B. Bhoopathi, who handles cremations at the Anjali Thagana Medai.

Enriching lives 

After a cremation, Venkatesh and his colleagues go about watering the plants and feeding the fish at the pond.

“In 2018, we built a place where people who come here can rest and meditate. But we also did something else. We wanted to set up a park, and then we decided to make it useful,” says Madhan.

Many lessons to teach.

Today, the crematorium has a green spot with a vegetable garden, with plants bearing tomatoes, eggplants and okras; fruit trees such as jackfruit, four types of mango trees, a papaya tree, three types of plantains, gooseberry shrubs, guava trees, an almond tree and others. “The employees share all the fruits and vegetables among themselves.”

Next on Anjali Thagana Medai’s agenda is to add some colours to the anganwadi next door.

“This, we are doing with the help of Madurai Corporation. Before the schools reopen, we hope to revamp this place and spring a surprise on the kids,” says Madhan, with excitement.

“This place renews our hope in life,” says S. Venkatesan of Madurai. “It is sobering, yes, like any other crematorium. But Anjali Thagana Medai is not just that. In its idea of giving back to life, it has many lessons to teach. I have felt immensely inspired every single time I come here”.

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Brazil's Evangelical Surge Threatens Survival Of Native Afro-Brazilian Faith

Followers of the Afro-Brazilian Umbanda religion in four traditional communities in the country’s northeast are resisting pressure to convert to evangelical Christianity.

image of Abel José, an Umbanda priest

Abel José, an Umbanda priest

Agencia Publica
Géssica Amorim

Among a host of images of saints and Afro-Brazilian divinities known as orixás, Abel José, 42, an Umbanda priest, lights some candles, picks up his protective beads and adjusts the straw hat that sits atop his head. He is preparing to treat four people from neighboring villages who have come to his house in search of spiritual help and treatment for health ailments.

The meeting takes place discreetly, in a small room that has been built in the back of the garage of his house. Abel lives in the quilombo of Sítio Bredos, home to 135 families. The community, located in the municipality of Betânia of Brazil’s northeastern state of Pernambuco, is one of the municipality’s four remaining communities that have been certified as quilombos, the word used to refer to communities formed in the colonial era by enslaved Africans and/or their descendents.

In these villages there are almost no residents who still follow traditional Afro-Brazilian religions. Abel, Seu Joaquim Firmo and Dona Maura Maria da Silva are the sole remaining followers of Umbanda in the communities in which they live. A wave of evangelical missionary activity has taken hold of Betânia’s quilombos ever since the first evangelical church belonging to the Assembleia de Deus group was built in the quilombo of Bredos around 20 years ago. Since then, other evangelical, pentecostal, and neo-pentecostal churches and congregations have established themselves in the area. Today there are now nine temples spread among the four communities, home to roughly 900 families.

The temples belong to the Assembleia de Deus, the Seventh-day Adventist Church, and the World Church of God's Power, the latter of which has over 6,000 temples spread across Brazil and was founded by the apostle and televangelist Valdemiro Santiago, who became infamous during the pandemic for trying to sell beans that he had blessed as a Covid-19 cure. Assembleia de Deus alone, who are the largest pentecostal denomination in the world, have built five churches in Betânia’s quilombos.

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