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Coronavirus

Lockdowns Push Protest Movements Online Around The World

In a number of countries around the world, the pandemic pulled the plug on street protests. But demonstrators have been quick to find digital alternatives.

Free Hong Kong protest in Animal Crossing
Free Hong Kong protest in Animal Crossing

As people are forced to stay at home and gatherings are banned in many countries around the world, protests are becoming a rare sight — at least in our city streets. But online, people are finding all kinds of innovative ways to demonstrate.

Indeed, what better way than a virtual protest to continue defending your opinions while still respecting the lockdown measures?

Poland

The Polish parliament was expected last week to consider new laws that would almost completely ban abortions — bills that had been withdrawn in 2016 following massive demonstrations. This time, of course, activists aren't allowed to take their frustrations to the streets. Instead, according to the daily Polska, they launched "lockdown virtual demonstrations' with the hashtag #ProtestAtHome. In the end, the MPs only voted to delay the bills.

Elsewhere, people are staging protests with the help of a popular video game: Animal Crossing New Horizons.

This time, of course, activists aren't allowed to take their frustrations to the streets.

The fifth installment of the Nintendo Switch series, released on March 20, is a state-of-the-art simulation social game where users play a human who lives in a village and can interact with anthropomorphic animals and perform various tasks such as fishing, bug catching, or ... protesting.

Russia

Anti-government protests in Russia have long required creative workarounds. Now, angry at the lack of economic aid from the government in response to the COVID-19, citizens are organizing on the Russian equivalent of Google Maps — Yandex.Maps — by dropping virtual pins in front of government buildings in several major cities, including Rostov-on-Don, Moscow and St. Petersburg, according to Global Voices. "No money to pay off loans! What are we supposed to do?" read one message. "Declare a state of emergency or stop restrictions on people," read another.

France

French sex workers organized a five-day virtual protest in Animal Crossing from April 8 to 13, Têtu magazine reports. The digital demonstration comes four years after the introduction of a French law aimed at cracking down on prostitution.

Photo: monica costa via Twitter

Since they could not protest in the streets, sex workers used their online avatars to wave signs reading "sex is work" or "someone I love is a sex worker" before posting screenshots of the protest on social media. Sex workers wanted to denounce the precarious conditions they are facing since the law was enacted, conditions that have only worsened, they say, since the lockdown measures were implemented.

Awen, one of the protest organizers, told the French magazine that he had not seen a client for a month: "Going out isn't cool for public health. But not going hungry would be cool too," he said.

Hong Kong

Players in Hong Kong have been using the platform to stage protests as well, prompting the Chinese government to block sales of the game.

What happens after the coronavirus crisis subsides remains, of course, to be seen.

Joshua Wong, leader of the Hong Kong activist group Demosisto, has taken part in these protests and posted pictures on Twitter. He says the game was "fast becoming a new way for Hong Kong protesters to fight for democracy." Players are displaying banners that read "Free Hong Kong Revolution Now." Avatars can also been seen destroying images of Hong Kong Chief Executive Carrie Lam.

Anti-government protests began in Hong Kong in June 2019 in reaction to an extradition bill and escalated throughout the rest of that year and into 2020. What happens after the coronavirus crisis subsides remains, of course, to be seen. But if the digital antics on Animal Crossing are any indicator, the movement is still alive and kicking.



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Geopolitics

Smaller Allies Matter: Afghanistan Offers Hard Lessons For Ukraine's Future

Despite controversies at home, Nordic countries were heavily involved in the NATO-led war in Afghanistan. As the Ukraine war grinds on, lessons from that conflict are more relevant than ever.

Photo of Finnish Defence Forces in Afghanistan

Finnish Defence Forces in Afghanistan

Johannes Jauhiainen

-Analysis-

HELSINKI — In May 2021, the Taliban took back power in Afghanistan after 20 years of international presence, astronomical sums of development aid and casualties on all warring sides.

As Kabul fell, a chaotic evacuation prompted comparisons to the fall of Saigon — and most of the attention was on the U.S., which had led the original war to unseat the Taliban after 9/11 and remained by far the largest foreign force on the ground. Yet, the fall of Kabul was also a tumultuous and troubling experience for a number of other smaller foreign countries who had been presented for years in Afghanistan.

In an interview at the time, Antti Kaikkonen, the Finnish Minister of Defense, tried to explain what went wrong during the evacuation.

Stay up-to-date with the latest on the Russia-Ukraine war, with our exclusive international coverage.

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“Originally we anticipated that the smaller countries would withdraw before the Americans. Then it became clear that getting people to the airport had become more difficult," Kaikkonen said. "So we decided last night to bring home our last soldiers who were helping with the evacuation.”

During the 20-year-long Afghan war, the foreign troop presence included many countries:Finland committed around 2,500 soldiers,Sweden 8,000,Denmark 12,000 and Norway 9,000. And in the nearly two years since the end of the war, Finland,Belgium and theNetherlands have commissioned investigations into their engagements in Afghanistan.

As the number of fragile or failed states around the world increases, it’s important to understand how to best organize international development aid and the security of such countries. Twenty years of international engagement in Afghanistan offers valuable lessons.

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