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China 2.0

Sino-Dependency? Brazilian Oil Exports To China Surge

The world's second-largest economy is now Brazil's top customer for oil, but also its most important buyer of soybeans, iron ore and cellulose.

Sino-Dependency? Brazilian Oil Exports To China Surge
Renata Agostini and Alvaro Fagundes

SAO PAULO — Chinese imports of Brazilian oil have increased more than threefold this year, turning Beijing into Brazil's best customer for crude. Perhaps unsurprisingly, this spectacular upsurge comes as oil giant Petrobras is bolstering its ties to China to secure crucial investment. In the past month alone, the state-owned company received $7 billion in credit from Chinese banks.

Between January and May 2015, Brazil sent 5.4 million tons of oil to the Asian country. That's 35% of all Brazilian exports during that period, and the biggest purchase made by any country. By comparison, the United States, the biggest importer of Brazilian oil last year, only bought half of what China did in the first five months of 2015.

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Society

Taking A Position: A Call To Regulate Yoga In India

Trained practitioners warn that unregulated yoga can be detrimental to people's health. The government in India, where the ancient practice was invented, knows this very well — yet continues to postpone regulation.

Prime Minister Modi at a mass yoga demonstration in Lucknow, India

Banjot Kaur

NEW DELHI — Prime Minister Narendra Modi led the observance of the eighth International Yoga Day from Mysuru, in southwestern India, early on the morning of June 21. Together with his colleagues from the Bharatiya Janata Party, he set out to mark the occasion in various parts of the country — reviving an annual ritual that had to take a break for the first two years of the COVID-19 pandemic.

Yoga is one of the five kinds of alternative Indian medicine listed under India’s AYUSH efforts — standing for "Ayurveda, Yoga, Unani, Siddha and naturopathy, and Homeopathy." Among them, only yoga is yet to be regulated under any Act of Parliament: All other practices are governed by the National Commission for Indian System of Medicine (NCISM), Act 2020.

Yoga and naturopathy are taught at the undergraduate level in 70 medical colleges across 14 Indian states. The Mangalore University in Karnataka first launched this course in 1989; today, these subjects are also taught at the postgraduate level.

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