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Many assumed automation would take jobs from real workers, but that seems not to be the case
Many assumed automation would take jobs from real workers, but that seems not to be the case
Alexander Hagelüken

MUNICH — Do machines replace humans? Since the beginning of industrialization 200 years ago, we earthlings have been plagued by this fear. From the early uprisings of the weavers to the 1970s "job killer computer" slogan, and up until the 2013 thesis of researchers Michael Osborne and Carl B. Frey, according to whom machines could soon take away every second job. But a German researcher, Terry Gregory of the Institute of Labor Economics (IZA), now presents a very different calculation. According to him, automation has brought Europe an additional 1.5 million jobs in the past decade.

Whether machines are our friends or enemies is one of the most intense economic debates, and one in which extreme positions dominate. On the one hand, you have the optimists, who only calculate models in which machines and people complement each other perfectly. On the other, skeptics the likes of Osborne and Frey who use vague job descriptions and neglect positive effects.

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Society

Urban Indigenous: How Peru's Shipibo-Conibo Keep Amazon Culture Alive In The City

For four years, indigenous photographer David Díaz Gonzales has documented the lives and movements of his Shipibo-Conibo community, as many of them migrated from their native Peruvian Amazon to the city. A work of remembrance and resistance.

For Shipibo-Conibo women, sporting a fringe is usually a sign of celebration or ceremony.

Rosa Chávez Yacila

YARINACOCHA — It was decades ago when the Shipibo-Conibo left their settlements along the banks of the Ucayali River, in eastern Peru, to begin a great migration to the cities. Still among the largest Amazonian communities in Peru — 32,964 according to the Ministry of Culture — though most Shipibo-Conibo now live in the urban district of Yarinacocha.

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