Geopolitics

Silvio Berlusconi: The Magic Is Gone

Editorial: The drubbing suffered in local elections shows Silvio Berlusconi increasingly obsessed with his own personal and judicial woes -- and losing touch with the sentiments of everyday Italians. La Stampa editor Mario Calabresi weighs in.

(EPP)
(EPP)
Mario Calabresi

"Silvio Berlusconi is a radioactive leader." This quip from a top member of President Barack Obama's administration at the conclusion of last week's G8 summit in Deauville, France, captured the feeling among many global leaders at the summit, who felt awkward dealing with the Italian prime minister who kept complaining about alleged judiciary conspiracies against him. "Radioactive" is also how a growing number of Italians view Berlusconi.

In local elections across Italy on Monday, all the major candidates who were personally supported by Berlusconi were soundly defeated. In Milan, the premier's hometown, Giuliano Pisapia is the first center-left candidate to be elected mayor in 17 years, beating the incumbent conservative mayor Letizia Moratti. A wind of change is blowing across the country.

Silvio Berlusconi has lost his famous "gut" connection with the majority of Italians. Since the beginning of his private television business in the 1980s, the current prime minister has always been able to understand and predict the Italians' moods and dreams. He promised Italians, first as his customers, then as his voters, that he would make their dreams come true. Now, something has changed, and it is not just a consequence of the judiciary investigations. Berlusconi no longer seems to understand what is happening in the minds and lives of the Italian people.

There is a deep financial crisis, people are spending their savings, and youth unemployment has increased dramatically. The electoral campaign of Berlusconi's coalition was all about justice reform. But this subject does not earn votes. For years, Mr. Berlusconi has won thanks for his promises to cut taxes. Now, he has convinced himself that his fellow Italians are as mad as he is at judges and at the political left.

So new and unpredictable candidates – who were pictured as too left wing and not expert enough -- have won. The government is the real loser. The Northern League party, the governing coalition's chief partner, is traditionally very strong in many northern Italy's cities and towns. Even there, the center-right coalition lost many of the local elections.

For years, Italian electoral campaigns have all revolved around Berlusconi and his promises, with his opponents left to try their best to campaign against them. This time, the roles were reversed. Mr. Berlusconi played against his opponents. For months, the center-right campaign aimed to destroy the images of its center-left opponents. In Milan, Mr. Pisapia was pictured as a close friend of gypsies and Muslims. The campaign was so heavy-handed that it had the effect to push away those centrist voters who five years ago helped Moratti win.

Speaking with the US President about his judiciary battles and insulting the judges was Mr. Berlusconi's final mistake. He could have tried to obtain Mr. Obama's commitment in Libya to help stem immigration from North Africa. The Italians would have appreciated that. Instead, he was set on his obsession.

Forecasting what will happen next is hard. Berlusconi is tough, with an endless capacity for self-reinvention – and he will fight until the end. But Monday's vote shows that he is no longer able to read the minds, guts, and hearts of the voters. Once this instinct is gone, a politician's career is inevitably arriving at its final lap.

Read the original article in Italian

photo - (epp)

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Green

In Argentina, A Visit To World's Highest Solar Energy Park

With loans and solar panels from China, the massive solar park has been opened a year and is already powering the surrounding areas. Now the Chinese supplier is pushing for an expansion.

960,000 solar panels have been installed at the Cauchari park

Silvia Naishtat

CAUCHARI — Driving across the border with Chile into the northwest Argentine department of Susques, you may spot what looks like a black mass in the distance. Arriving at a 4,000-meter altitude in the municipality of Cauchari, what comes into view instead is an assembly of 960,000 solar panels. It is the world's highest photovoltaic (PV) park, which is also the second biggest solar energy facility in Latin America, after Mexico's Aguascalientes plant.

Spread over 800 hectares in an arid landscape, the Cauchari park has been operating for a year, and has so far turned sunshine into 315 megawatts of electricity, enough to power the local provincial capital of Jujuy through the national grid.


It has also generated some $50 million for the province, which Governor Gerardo Morales has allocated to building 239 schools.

Abundant sunshine, low temperatures

The physicist Martín Albornoz says Cauchari, which means "link to the sun," is exposed to the best solar radiation anywhere. The area has 260 days of sunshine, with no smog and relatively low temperatures, which helps keep the panels in optimal conditions.

Its construction began with a loan of more than $331 million from China's Eximbank, which allowed the purchase of panels made in Shanghai. They arrived in Buenos Aires in 2,500 containers and were later trucked a considerable distance to the site in Cauchari . This was a titanic project that required 1,200 builders and 10-ton cranes, but will save some 780,000 tons of CO2 emissions a year.

It is now run by 60 technicians. Its panels, with a 25-year guarantee, follow the sun's path and are cleaned twice a year. The plant is expected to have a service life of 40 years. Its choice of location was based on power lines traced in the 1990s to export power to Chile, now fed by the park.

Chinese engineers working in an office at the Cauchari park

Xinhua/ZUMA

Chinese want to expand

The plant belongs to the public-sector firm Jemse (Jujuy Energía y Minería), created in 2011 by the province's then governor Eduardo Fellner. Jemse's president, Felipe Albornoz, says that once Chinese credits are repaid in 20 years, Cauchari will earn the province $600 million.

The Argentine Energy ministry must now decide on the park's proposed expansion. The Chinese would pay in $200 million, which will help install 400,000 additional panels and generate enough power for the entire province of Jujuy.

The park's CEO, Guillermo Hoerth, observes that state policies are key to turning Jujuy into a green province. "We must change the production model. The world is rapidly cutting fossil fuel emissions. This is a great opportunity," Hoerth says.

The province's energy chief, Mario Pizarro, says in turn that Susques and three other provincial districts are already self-sufficient with clean energy, and three other districts would soon follow.

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