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LA STAMPA

Praying For Mandela In Soweto, Birthplace Of Apartheid Revolt

Forty years after government killings here sparked the militant anti-Apartheid movement, the ailing grandfather of modern South Africa is a reminder not to return to the past.

In Soweto, South Africa
In Soweto, South Africa
Paolo Mastrolilli

SOWETO – Thoko Dhlamini smiles, takes her foreign visitor by the hand and points toward the center of the aisle: “Now the kids are coming back from school to receive the benediction," she says. "I pray for them not to go through what I went through. I pray for this country to remain united, even when Mandela is gone”

It’s Sunday morning in Holy Cross, the Anglican church of Soweto overlooking the corner where on June 16, 1976 Hector Pieterson died. The government had decided that the children should study Afrikaans as well as English.

Students took to the streets, the police opened fire, and a 12-year old boy was hit with a fatal bullet. Hector became the martyr and catalyst of the anti-apartheid revolt, which was confrontational and sometimes violent until Nelson Mandela was finally freed from prison in 1990.

“There’s a famous picture with a young man carrying Hector’s body in his arms," Thoko explains. "This young man was named Mbuyisa, he was my cousin." Her family lived 100 meters from the house of Walter Sisulu, a South African anti-apartheid militant, and the night before the bloodshed members of the African National Congress had given them placards to write anti-Afrikaans slogans.

[rebelmouse-image 27087085 alt="""" original_size="289x345" expand=1] Photo: Sam Nzima

"I had no clue what they were meant for, I could not imagine that the next day our lives would change," she said. "Fourteen years of civil war, arrests, executions in front of my house. Going to school every day was like crossing a front line. And how many comrades did I see arrested, tortured, killed... After this picture was taken, my cousin had to flee abroad.”

How much longer?

The children have received Rev. Khumalo’s benediction and are ready to run outside to play on the lawn near the memorial built for Hector Pieterson. “Let’s pray for Mandela’s family during this tough time when Tata is so sick and let’s pray for him as well.” Tata, as the 94-year-old "grandfather" of all South Africans is known, is in a Pretoria hospital bed, in critical condition following a lung infection.

“I don’t think it will last much longer,” says a teacher from Limpopo, leading a class from the northernmost province of South Africa on a visit to the museum dedicated to the uprising. “But Mandela has already done his miracle, extending his hand to his own jailers and unifying the country. Now it’s our turn to carry it forward, avoiding any return to the past."

On this Sunday, Thoko proposes to go to the mass in Regina Mundi, the Catholic parish church where clandestine meetings of government opponents took place during Apartheid. “When they killed Hector, we all ran towards Regina Mundi, because we knew the priest would hide us. But the police came in anyway and started shooting inside the church.”

Today a splendid sun shines and the faithful are praying quietly beneath a stained-glass window that depicts Mandela. Father Sebastian comes to us, the young black priest now carries on his shoulder this huge historical legacy.

No civil war

“We pray every day for Madiba (another term of endearment for Mandela). Every kind of rumor is going around: someone says that he’s already dead, but that the government is hiding it because of Obama’s visit. I don’t think so, but that's how it goes here.”

Don Sebastian adds that South Africa is also suffering because journalists keep warning about how South Africa might collapse after Mandela's death. "This way you end up creating a feeling of fear that in fact does not exist," he tells La Stampa. "No one here is getting ready for a civil war. There are only a few white extremists and they aren't strong enough to overthrow the government. Black people are in power and don’t have any interest in provoking violence to take revenge from things that happened more than 20 years ago. Nowadays South Africa is united, white kids go to school with black kids. If there is but one problem, it is the economy and the lack of work which goes beyond racial barriers."

Father Sebastian appreciated the visit from the U.S. President, who was in Soweto on Saturday: “I hope he is being serious when he says he wants to invest in Africa. But for me, the most important message he sent was to show that the world was with us, if we behave in a responsible way. I hope everybody understands that.”

Walking towards Mandela’s old house, which has become a tourist attraction, Thoko opens up: “This priest is right. My daughter graduated in economics in New York and she still can’t find a job. People do not trust the ANC anymore, they’re too corrupt. (President Jacob) Zuma might be defeated at the next elections."

Tourists are queuing in front of the house, and some will surely eat in the nearby Soweto restaurant of his ex-wife Winnie: “Here we are," says Thoko with a smile. "Let’s hope we meet again here next year to eat Boerwors sausages”.

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Green

The Problem With Always Blaming Climate Change For Natural Disasters

Climate change is real, but a closer look at the science shows there are many factors that contribute to weather-related disasters. It is important to raise awareness about the long-term impact of global warming, but there's a risk in overstating its role in the latest floods or fires.

People on foot, on bikes, motorcycles, scooters and cars navigate through a flooded street during the day time.

Karachi - People wade through flood water after heavy rain in a southern Pakistani city

Xinhua / ZUMA
Axel Bojanowski

-Analysis-

BERLIN — In September, thousands of people lost their lives when dams collapsed during flooding in Libya. Engineers had warned that the dams were structurally unsound.

Two years ago, dozens died in floods in western Germany, a region that had experienced a number of similar floods in earlier centuries, where thousands of houses had been built on the natural floodplain.

Last year saw more than 1,000 people lose their lives during monsoon floods in Pakistan. Studies showed that the impact of flooding in the region was exacerbated by the proximity of human settlements, the outdated river management system, high poverty rates and political instability in Pakistan.

There are many factors that contribute to weather-related disasters, but one dominates the headlines: climate change. That is because of so-called attribution studies, which are published very quickly after these disasters to highlight how human-caused climate change contributes to extreme weather events. After the flooding in Libya, German daily Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung described climate change as a “serial offender," while the Tageszeitung wrote that “the climate crisis has exacerbated the extreme rainfall."

The World Weather Attribution initiative (WWA) has once again achieved its aim of using “real-time analysis” to draw attention to the issue: on its website, the institute says its goal is to “analyse and communicate the possible influence of climate change on extreme weather events." Frederike Otto, who works on attribution studies for the WWA, says these reports help to underscore the urgent need for climate action. They transform climate change from an “abstract threat into a concrete one."

In the immediate aftermath of a weather-related disaster, teams of researchers rush to put together attribution studies – “so that they are ready within the same news cycle," as the New York Times reported. However, these attribution studies do not meet normal scientific standards, as they are published without going through the peer-review process that would be undertaken before publication in a specialist scientific journal. And that creates problems.

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