Geopolitics

Praying For Mandela In Soweto, Birthplace Of Apartheid Revolt

Forty years after government killings here sparked the militant anti-Apartheid movement, the ailing grandfather of modern South Africa is a reminder not to return to the past.

In Soweto, South Africa
In Soweto, South Africa
Paolo Mastrolilli

SOWETO – Thoko Dhlamini smiles, takes her foreign visitor by the hand and points toward the center of the aisle: “Now the kids are coming back from school to receive the benediction," she says. "I pray for them not to go through what I went through. I pray for this country to remain united, even when Mandela is gone”

It’s Sunday morning in Holy Cross, the Anglican church of Soweto overlooking the corner where on June 16, 1976 Hector Pieterson died. The government had decided that the children should study Afrikaans as well as English.

Students took to the streets, the police opened fire, and a 12-year old boy was hit with a fatal bullet. Hector became the martyr and catalyst of the anti-apartheid revolt, which was confrontational and sometimes violent until Nelson Mandela was finally freed from prison in 1990.

“There’s a famous picture with a young man carrying Hector’s body in his arms," Thoko explains. "This young man was named Mbuyisa, he was my cousin." Her family lived 100 meters from the house of Walter Sisulu, a South African anti-apartheid militant, and the night before the bloodshed members of the African National Congress had given them placards to write anti-Afrikaans slogans.

Photo: Sam Nzima

"I had no clue what they were meant for, I could not imagine that the next day our lives would change," she said. "Fourteen years of civil war, arrests, executions in front of my house. Going to school every day was like crossing a front line. And how many comrades did I see arrested, tortured, killed... After this picture was taken, my cousin had to flee abroad.”

How much longer?

The children have received Rev. Khumalo’s benediction and are ready to run outside to play on the lawn near the memorial built for Hector Pieterson. “Let’s pray for Mandela’s family during this tough time when Tata is so sick and let’s pray for him as well.” Tata, as the 94-year-old "grandfather" of all South Africans is known, is in a Pretoria hospital bed, in critical condition following a lung infection.

“I don’t think it will last much longer,” says a teacher from Limpopo, leading a class from the northernmost province of South Africa on a visit to the museum dedicated to the uprising. “But Mandela has already done his miracle, extending his hand to his own jailers and unifying the country. Now it’s our turn to carry it forward, avoiding any return to the past."

On this Sunday, Thoko proposes to go to the mass in Regina Mundi, the Catholic parish church where clandestine meetings of government opponents took place during Apartheid. “When they killed Hector, we all ran towards Regina Mundi, because we knew the priest would hide us. But the police came in anyway and started shooting inside the church.”

Today a splendid sun shines and the faithful are praying quietly beneath a stained-glass window that depicts Mandela. Father Sebastian comes to us, the young black priest now carries on his shoulder this huge historical legacy.

No civil war

“We pray every day for Madiba (another term of endearment for Mandela). Every kind of rumor is going around: someone says that he’s already dead, but that the government is hiding it because of Obama’s visit. I don’t think so, but that's how it goes here.”

Don Sebastian adds that South Africa is also suffering because journalists keep warning about how South Africa might collapse after Mandela's death. "This way you end up creating a feeling of fear that in fact does not exist," he tells La Stampa. "No one here is getting ready for a civil war. There are only a few white extremists and they aren't strong enough to overthrow the government. Black people are in power and don’t have any interest in provoking violence to take revenge from things that happened more than 20 years ago. Nowadays South Africa is united, white kids go to school with black kids. If there is but one problem, it is the economy and the lack of work which goes beyond racial barriers."

Father Sebastian appreciated the visit from the U.S. President, who was in Soweto on Saturday: “I hope he is being serious when he says he wants to invest in Africa. But for me, the most important message he sent was to show that the world was with us, if we behave in a responsible way. I hope everybody understands that.”

Walking towards Mandela’s old house, which has become a tourist attraction, Thoko opens up: “This priest is right. My daughter graduated in economics in New York and she still can’t find a job. People do not trust the ANC anymore, they’re too corrupt. (President Jacob) Zuma might be defeated at the next elections."

Tourists are queuing in front of the house, and some will surely eat in the nearby Soweto restaurant of his ex-wife Winnie: “Here we are," says Thoko with a smile. "Let’s hope we meet again here next year to eat Boerwors sausages”.

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Society

A Mother In Spain Denied Child Custody Because She Lives In Rural Area

A court in Spain usurps custody of the one-year-old boy living with his mother in the "deep" part of the Galicia region, forced to instead live with his father in the southern city of Marbella, which the judge says is "cosmopolitan" with good schools and medical care. Women's rights groups have taken up the mother's case.

A child in Galician countryside

Laure Gautherin

A Spanish court has ordered the withdrawal of a mother's custody of her one-year-old boy because she is living in the countryside in northwestern Spain, where the judge says the child won't have "opportunities for the proper development of his personality."

The case, reported Monday in La Voz de Galicia, has sparked outrage from a women's rights association but has also set off reactions from politicians of different stripes across the province of Galicia, defending the values of rural life.


Judge María Belén Ureña Carazo, of the family court of Marbella, a city on the southern coast of 141,000 people, has ordered the toddler to stay with father who lives in the city rather than with his mother because she was living in "deep Galicia" where the child would lack opportunities to "grow up in a happy environment."

Front page of La Voz de Galicia - October 25, 2021

Front page of La Voz de Galicia - Monday 25 October, 2021

La Voz de Galicia

Better in a "cosmopolitan" city?


The judge said Marbella, where the father lives, was a "cosmopolitan city" with "a good hospital" as well as "all kinds of schools" and thus provided a better environment for the child to thrive.

The mother has submitted a formal complaint to the General Council of the Judiciary that the family court magistrate had acted with "absolute contempt," her lawyer told La Voz de Galicia.

The mother quickly accumulated support from local politicians and civic organizations. The Clara Campoamor association described the judge's arguments as offensive, intolerable and typical of "an ignorant person who has not traveled much."

The Xunta de Galicia, the regional government, has addressed the case, saying that any place in Galicia meets the conditions to educate a minor. The Socialist party politician Pablo Arangüena tweeted that "it would not hurt part of the judiciary to spend a summer in Galicia."

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