July 04, 2011
TRIPOLI - Among Muammar Gaddafi's children, Saif Al-Islam was the one with the ambition to become Libya's reformer. The Libyan leader's second son lived and studied abroad and was the presentable face of the regime in the West. But when the insurrection broke out in February, this former engineer stunned the world in a televised speech in which he vowed to fighting against the rebels in Eastern Libya ""until the last man, the last woman, the last bullet."
Four months later, he's playing a key role in Tripoli. Because of NATO strikes, he's very secretive about his whereabouts but he says this last afternoon he went "swimming in the sea." Since June 20, he's facing an arrest warrant by the International Criminal Court (ICC), like his father and the head of Libyan intelligence.
Le Monde: Do you feel you are the target of NATO strikes?
Saif Al-Islam Gaddafi: NATO bombed my own house, my father's office, his tent and other places where they believe my father could be. They're trying to kill him. This shows they are gangsters, a group of criminals. I don't think the Security Council's resolution says, "You have to kill Mister Gaddafi," or my brother (Saif Al-Arab, Gaddafi's youngest son, killed with his family by a NATO strike in May,) or kill the children of Libya.
How do you deal with the International Criminal Court warrants?
Two months ago, several countries called us saying: "If you go into exile, we'll halt the charges. We'll fix this." That means it's not a real tribunal. It's a tool to put pressure on us. But right now we're thinking about the battle more than the ICC. God is with us, we will fight and we will win. They (the NTC and the rebels) are on the side of evil. They commit horrors. Benghazi is like Mogadishu, with terrorists everywhere.
You refer to the National Transitional Council (NTC) as "they." Are they not rebels?
I call them rats. There is no way they'll take control of Libya through NATO and France. Rats are very proud of themselves. They were nobodies, now they are invited to the Elysee Palace and 10 Downing Street, and by Obama. They have planes and submarines fighting a war for them. It's like in the movies, but the people don't support them. One day you'll remember what I said: rats will never control this country. They are traitors. They work with Europeans, with Americans and others to bomb their own people.
Some African countries also support the NTC.
France has its servants in Africa. They don't worship God, they worship the Elysee Palace. Some have their reasons. Abdoulaye Wade (the Senegalese President) received 20 million euros for his son (Karim, his possible successor.) Qatar paid for it. Our spies tell us everything. But we have many friends on the continent.
The crisis started with an uprising against Libyan power.
What is really at stake here is money, money, money and oil. Nobody supports the Syrian rebels. But here, there's oil. Libya is a giant cake that other countries want to share. That's enough: we're not in a bazaar. They're shedding people's blood in order to sign contracts.
Nicolas Sarkozy invited Muammar Gaddafi to Paris in 2007. Now France supports the NTC. What happened?
We thought of Sarkozy as our best friend in Europe. The relationship he had with my father was so special. We even had ties to his ex-wife. We had a sort of family relationship with him. Overnight he changed his mind. We heard he was angry because we didn't sign many contracts with France. We didn't by the Rafale (fighter jets). Brazil and Abu Dhabi didn't buy it either. Does France go and bomb them too? There's still a chance to mend this friendship. If you keep bombing us, you won't get anything. And rebels will never win. Oil, Rafale, contracts: Over! Total (French oil company)? Over! As for (the rebels), soon they'll disappear. If you want to do business in Libya, you should come to the right address. Right now, you're dealing with the wrong people.
Is there still fighting on the front?
There are only hundreds of rebel fighters, about 800 or a thousand in the whole country. They are relatively strong because they have NATO fighting for them, with money, media, arms and Apache (helicopters.) The Tornados, the Rafales, the Charles-de-Gaulle. The 6th flotilla (US), the Awacs. This is not a joke. If you supported Mickey Mouse with such means, Mickey Mouse would be somebody in Libya! Despite all this, they're losing ground every day.
What if NATO stopped its strikes? Would you stop the war?
With or without NATO, even if the devil helps the rebels, they will lose! Americans supported South Vietnam for a long time and in the end they had to run away. Today, Americans are trying to please the Taliban in Afghanistan, and are negotiating with them. The French Mirage 2000 are sent from Corsica, the British Tornadoes from Sicily. They carry out missions from Europe to bomb a Land Cruiser in Libya and go back to their bases. Do you think they will control Libya by doing this? Those on the ground will win.
The NATO operation is particularly stupid and ill prepared. Everything was done in a hurry. A fast-food campaign, a McDonald's campaign. We have our army. We have more ammunition, more arms. Morale is high. The others are getting weaker.
If negotiation is possible, can it stop the conflict?
You want peace? We're ready. You want democracy? We're ready. You want elections? We're ready. You want Libya to become like Switzerland? We're ready. You want a new Constitution? We're ready. You want war? We're ready too. We're ready for all the options.
I love democracy. I want Libya to be the Switzerland or Austria of the Middle East. I want us to have a modern economy, a modern democracy, with freedom and elections. But if you want war, we love to fight! Until death. Let the Libyans decide if they want a monarchy, a republic or anything else.
What are the chances that the negotiations will have a positive outcome?
Let us organize elections with observers from around the world and in a transparent manner.
Elections for what purpose? At what level?
On all levels. Just ask. We can set up a transition government with technocrats from across the country, for a three or four-month long transition. Then we write a new constitution. Elections will follow right after and we'll return to peace. Libya is not Iraq. Children will be able to go back to school, we'll travel, we'll swim in the sea, we'll do business, that's it. There are 5 million of us, we're rich, we can agree. It's only a problem because of the others, NATO, France, the UK, Italy, the US, Turkey and Qatar.
Will you judge the crimes that were committed?
In Benghazi, there is horror and you can them "freedom fighter." They accused Gaddafi of bombing Tripoli. There is no proof. Where are the victims? This time, they have a new story: rapes. We rape women and take Viagra. It's a real movie! And you know another story: we'd be ready to attack with chemical weapons. All this to make the situation "sexy." Like they did with Saddam Hussein's weapons of mass destruction.
Does this country need a President?
No, this country needs strong local powers with a federal system.
What can your father's place be then?
My father isn't taking part in the negotiations. It's a Libyan conflict, with Libyans and traitors, militias, terrorists. Do you think we can find a solution that doesn't involve him? No, that's impossible.
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photo - Al Jazeera
This leading French daily newspaper Le Monde ("The World") was founded in December 1944 in the aftermath of World War II. Today, it is distributed in 120 countries. In late 2010, a trio formed by Pierre Berge, Xavier Niel and Matthieu Pigasse took a controlling 64.5% stake in the newspaper.
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A neo-Nazi has been buried in the former grave of a Jewish musicologist Max Friedlaender – not an oversight, but a deliberate provocation. This is just one more example of antisemitism on the rise in Germany, and society's inability to respond.
Eva Marie Kogel
October 24, 2021
BERLIN — If you want to check the state of your society, there's a simple test: as the U.S. High Commissioner for Germany, John Jay McCloy, said in 1949, the touchstone for a democracy is the well-being of Jews. This litmus test is still relevant today. And it seems Germany would not pass.
Incidents are piling up. Most recently, groups of neo-Nazis from across the country traveled to a church near Berlin for the funeral of a well-known far-right figure. He was buried in the former grave of Jewish musicologist Max Friedlaender, a gravesite chosen deliberately by the right-wing extremists.
The incident at the cemetery
They intentionally chose a Jewish grave as an act of provocation, trying to gain maximum publicity for this act of desecration. And the cemetery authorities at the graveyard in Stahnsdorf fell for it. The church issued an immediate apology, calling it a "terrible mistake" and saying they "must immediately see whether and what we can undo."
There are so many incidents that get little to no media attention.
It's unfathomable that this burial was allowed to take place at all, but now the cemetery authorities need to make a decision quickly about how to put things right. Otherwise, the grave may well become a pilgrimage site for Holocaust deniers and antisemites.
The incident has garnered attention in the international press and it will live long in the memory. Like the case of singer-songwriter Gil Ofarim, who recently claimed he was subjected to antisemitic abuse at a hotel in Leipzig. Details of the crime are still being investigated. But there are so many other incidents that get little to no media attention.
The grave of Jewish musicologist Max Friedlaender
Crimes against Jews are rising
Across all parts of society, antisemitism is on the rise. Until a few years ago, Jewish life was seen as an accepted part of German society. Since the attack on the synagogue in Halle in 2019, the picture has changed: it was a bitter reminder that right-wing terror against Jewish people has a long, unbroken history in Germany.
Stories have abounded about the coronavirus crisis being a Jewish conspiracy; meanwhile, Muslim antisemitism is becoming louder and more forceful. The anti-Israel boycott movement BDS rears its head in every debate on antisemitism, just as left-wing or post-colonial thinking are part of every discussion.
Jewish life needs to be allowed to step out of the shadows.
Since 2015, the number of antisemitic crimes recorded has risen by about a third, to 2,350. But victims only report around 20% of cases. Some choose not to because they've had bad experiences with the police, others because they're afraid of the perpetrators, and still others because they just want to put it behind them. Victims clearly hold out little hope of useful reaction from the state – so crimes go unreported.
And the reality of Jewish life in Germany is a dark one. Sociologists say that Jewish children are living out their "identity under siege." What impact does it have on them when they can only go to nursery under police protection? Or when they hear Holocaust jokes at school?
Germany needs to take its antisemitism seriously
This shows that the country of commemorative services and "stumbling blocks" placed in sidewalks as a memorial to victims of the Nazis has lost its moral compass. To make it point true north again, antisemitism needs to be documented from the perspective of those affected, making it visible to the non-Jewish population. And Jewish life needs to be allowed to step out of the shadows.
That is the first thing. The second is that we need to talk about specifically German forms of antisemitism. For example, the fact that in no other EU country are Jewish people so often confronted about the Israeli government's policies (according to a survey, 41% of German Jews have experienced this, while the EU average is 28%). Projecting the old antisemitism onto the state of Israel offers people a more comfortable target for their arguments.
Our society needs to have more conversations about antisemitism. The test of German democracy, as McCloy called it, starts with taking these concerns seriously and talking about them. We need to have these conversations because it affects all of us. It's about saving our democracy. Before it's too late.
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Die Welt ("The World") is a German daily founded in Hamburg in 1946, and currently owned by the Axel Springer AG company, Europe's largest publishing house. Now based in Berlin, Die Welt is sold in more than 130 countries. A Sunday edition called Welt am Sonntag has been published since 1948.
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