Geopolitics

From Hiroshima To Fukushima

From Hiroshima To Fukushima

The Japanese city that has become a symbol of atomic devastation is shocked at its country's current earthquake-triggered nuclear disaster.

Hiroshima memorial (Senior Baron)

HIROSHIMA – This city knows about nuclear power.

On August 6, 1945, Hiroshima became the first city to be hit by the atomic bomb, and ever since has become the symbol of the destructive power of nuclear technology. Aerial photographs from those days show a city entirely flattened, only a handful of buildings standing in a wide, desolate landscape made of rubble as small as matchsticks. Even today, 66 years later, those photographs leave us stunned: one single device and such thorough devastation.

Since then, Hiroshima has rebuilt itself from scratch, becoming the pleasant, affluent and lively city we see today. Its inhabitants add a friendly, open attitude to the proverbial kindness of the Japanese. Sure, had they had a choice, they would have happily given up being a symbol of the atomic bomb's deathly power. Still, modern Hiroshima appears to have gracefully embraced its self-assigned mission -- promote peace in any way possible.

Toshiko Tanaka, an elegant 73-year-old lady, all energy and smiles, immediately announces she is a "hibakusha," a victim of the nuclear bomb. "I was 6 years and 10 months old," she recalls. "I was a couple of kilometers from the Industrial Promotion Hall," she says, referring to the closest surviving building to where the bomb detonated, which later became the Atomic Dome, a part of a the city's peace memorial park.

"Until a few days earlier, I'd lived nearby, but like many others I had been evacuated," Tanaka goes on. "It was a beautiful sunny day, and I remember seeing the plane in the sky. I saw it. And then I saw flames breaking out all over the city.

"In one second, all my hair was gone, my arms and back were burnt," she says, her tone serious, though oddly serene. "To us ‘hibakusha," what is happening in Fukushima is absolutely terrible!" she adds. "After the tragedy of the earthquake, nobody could have predicted that something so terrifying and horrible would take place on top of that."

Tanaka says nuclear energy "is clearly something very, very dangerous," and she's always been opposed to its uses for civilian purposes as well. "What we see on TV every day is an awful nightmare," she says. Shaking her head, fighting back tears, she adds, "I'm thinking of the people who are nearby, exposed to the risk of radiations, and I am scared for them."

To Haruko Moritaki, director of Hiroshima's alliance for the abolition of atomic weapons, it boils down to this: "From our humble experience in Hiroshima, it is obvious that human beings cannot coexist with nuclear power."

Moritaki has been busy running between meetings and writing press releases about the Fukushima nuclear plant, whose reactors have been overheated since the 9.0-magnitude earthquake and tsunami on March 11 cut the power needed for their cooling systems to function properly. The nuclear crisis that followed has rekindled a worldwide debate over the dangers of nuclear energy.

Moritaki, too, was just a little girl when the bomb was dropped. But she had been evacuated to the countryside and suffered no physical consequences. Many consider her father, Ichiro Moritaki, the father of the anti-nuclear movement. "He was a teacher, and, along with his students, he had been put down to do manual work for the army," the woman said. "He was hit in the face by glasses that shattered as soon as the bomb went off. On top of serious wounds, he lost an eye."

Moritaki said her father spent six months in hospital and then began taking care of other survivors, especially children known as "the bomb orphans." When the occupying U.S. forces started advocating nuclear energy as a positive thing, making the distinction between nuclear energy and nuclear weapons, Ichiro Moritaki said ‘No," his daughter recalled. "This is too strong a force, we can't delude ourselves into thinking we can control it," said the woman. "From Hiroshima, we ask that no form of nuclear energy be used: no nuclear weapons, no depleted uranium weapons, no nuclear energy."

Her anxiety has grown as she's watched what was happening in Fukushima, noting that Japan has many nuclear plants, is an exporter of nuclear technology and has been promoting nuclear energy as a form of clean energy. "This is folly! Look at the nightmare we are in!" Moritaki said.

Activists in Hiroshima have been organizing protests. A group of demonstrators in front of the offices of the Chugoku Electric City Company, a few steps away from the memorial Atomic Dome, demanded that construction of two nuclear plants near the city be halted. The protesters, who included some survivors of the World War II bombing, tried to deliver a letter to company officials.

"On Monday they refused to take it, so we're trying again," said Kyoko Taniguchi, a protester. "It is the same attitude as Tepco (the company operating Fukushima), complete arrogance, they don't care."

"Nuclear is not safe. Period. Fukushima proves that," says Taniguchi. He acknowledged Japan has few alternative sources of energy, and limited space. But, Taniguchi said, Fukushima has taught a lesson that can't be ignored: "We are from Hiroshima: We have a duty to be on the frontline."

Read the original article in Italian

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Society

What It Means When The Jews Of Germany No Longer Feel Safe

A neo-Nazi has been buried in the former grave of a Jewish musicologist Max Friedlaender – not an oversight, but a deliberate provocation. This is just one more example of antisemitism on the rise in Germany, and society's inability to respond.

At a protest against antisemitism in Berlin

Eva Marie Kogel

-Essay-

BERLIN — If you want to check the state of your society, there's a simple test: as the U.S. High Commissioner for Germany, John Jay McCloy, said in 1949, the touchstone for a democracy is the well-being of Jews. This litmus test is still relevant today. And it seems Germany would not pass.


Incidents are piling up. Most recently, groups of neo-Nazis from across the country traveled to a church near Berlin for the funeral of a well-known far-right figure. He was buried in the former grave of Jewish musicologist Max Friedlaender, a gravesite chosen deliberately by the right-wing extremists.

The incident at the cemetery

They intentionally chose a Jewish grave as an act of provocation, trying to gain maximum publicity for this act of desecration. And the cemetery authorities at the graveyard in Stahnsdorf fell for it. The church issued an immediate apology, calling it a "terrible mistake" and saying they "must immediately see whether and what we can undo."

There are so many incidents that get little to no media attention.

It's unfathomable that this burial was allowed to take place at all, but now the cemetery authorities need to make a decision quickly about how to put things right. Otherwise, the grave may well become a pilgrimage site for Holocaust deniers and antisemites.

The incident has garnered attention in the international press and it will live long in the memory. Like the case of singer-songwriter Gil Ofarim, who recently claimed he was subjected to antisemitic abuse at a hotel in Leipzig. Details of the crime are still being investigated. But there are so many other incidents that get little to no media attention.

Photo of the grave of Jewish musicologist Max Friedlaender

The grave of Jewish musicologist Max Friedlaender

Jens Kalaene/dpa/ZUMA

Crimes against Jews are rising

Across all parts of society, antisemitism is on the rise. Until a few years ago, Jewish life was seen as an accepted part of German society. Since the attack on the synagogue in Halle in 2019, the picture has changed: it was a bitter reminder that right-wing terror against Jewish people has a long, unbroken history in Germany.

Stories have abounded about the coronavirus crisis being a Jewish conspiracy; meanwhile, Muslim antisemitism is becoming louder and more forceful. The anti-Israel boycott movement BDS rears its head in every debate on antisemitism, just as left-wing or post-colonial thinking are part of every discussion.

Jewish life needs to be allowed to step out of the shadows.

Since 2015, the number of antisemitic crimes recorded has risen by about a third, to 2,350. But victims only report around 20% of cases. Some choose not to because they've had bad experiences with the police, others because they're afraid of the perpetrators, and still others because they just want to put it behind them. Victims clearly hold out little hope of useful reaction from the state – so crimes go unreported.

And the reality of Jewish life in Germany is a dark one. Sociologists say that Jewish children are living out their "identity under siege." What impact does it have on them when they can only go to nursery under police protection? Or when they hear Holocaust jokes at school?

Germany needs to take its antisemitism seriously

This shows that the country of commemorative services and "stumbling blocks" placed in sidewalks as a memorial to victims of the Nazis has lost its moral compass. To make it point true north again, antisemitism needs to be documented from the perspective of those affected, making it visible to the non-Jewish population. And Jewish life needs to be allowed to step out of the shadows.

That is the first thing. The second is that we need to talk about specifically German forms of antisemitism. For example, the fact that in no other EU country are Jewish people so often confronted about the Israeli government's policies (according to a survey, 41% of German Jews have experienced this, while the EU average is 28%). Projecting the old antisemitism onto the state of Israel offers people a more comfortable target for their arguments.

Our society needs to have more conversations about antisemitism. The test of German democracy, as McCloy called it, starts with taking these concerns seriously and talking about them. We need to have these conversations because it affects all of us. It's about saving our democracy. Before it's too late.

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