The assassination of Egyptian President Anwar Sadat on this day in 1981 was a shocking and pivotal event in the history of Egypt and the Middle East.
Who was Anwar Sadat?
Anwar Sadat was the third President of Egypt, serving from 1970 until his assassination. He succeeded Gamal Abdel Nasser and pursued a different foreign policy, including the signing of the Camp David Accords with Israel in 1978.
Why was Anwar Sadat assassinated?
Anwar Sadat was assassinated by a group of Islamist extremists who opposed his policies, particularly his peace treaty with Israel and his move towards a more Western-oriented foreign policy. The assassins believed that Sadat had betrayed their interpretation of Islam and sought to replace his government with an Islamic state. During a military parade commemorating Egypt's victory in the Yom Kippur War, a group of Egyptian soldiers led by Lieutenant Khalid Islambouli stormed the reviewing stand where Sadat was seated. They opened fire on him with automatic weapons, killing him and several others. Islambouli was captured at the scene and later executed.
Who succeeded Anwar Sadat as President of Egypt?
Following Anwar Sadat's assassination, Vice President Hosni Mubarak assumed the presidency. He served as Egypt's president for nearly 30 years until his resignation in 2011 during the Egyptian Revolution.
How did Anwar Sadat's assassination impact Egypt and the Middle East?
Anwar Sadat's assassination had several significant impacts. It led to a crackdown on Islamist groups in Egypt, and Mubarak's presidency was characterized by a continued authoritarian rule that stifled political opposition. Regionally, it strained Egypt's relations with some Arab countries due to its peace treaty with Israel.
- Why Egypt Is No Longer Too Big To Fail ›
- Egyptian Election: Yes, There Is Another Candidate ›
- The Dark Side Of The Revolution For Egypt's Coptic Christians ›