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GAZETA WYBORCZA

Poland's Church Struggles To Follow Pope Francis' Message Of Humility -- And Poverty

Some members of the hierarchy of the Polish Catholic Church seem to have troubled practicing what the new pontiff preaches.

Basilica in Licheń Stary - the largest church in Poland
Basilica in Licheń Stary - the largest church in Poland
Katarzyna Wiśniewska

WARSAW - What is wrong with this new Pope? When after the conclave, one of the priests was about to put a cape lined in miniver on the pontiff's back, the message from Francis was essentially: No, the Carnival is over.

Pope Francis doesn’t preach the enigmatic and at the same time the ultimately undemanding “idea of destitution.” Instead, he speaks straight from the heart: he wants a poor Church, for poor people.

What does this mean? It may seem obvious, but for Polish bishops this new vision may present some very real risks -- something like a grenade that must be defused.

This is how a vision of a poor Church is understood by Polish auxiliary Bishop Wojciech Polak: The Church has always appealed to solidarity with poor people. What we have to remember is that the Church isn’t a charity organization, but rather a community that essentially preaches for the salvation of poor people. Of course, the Church is also called upon to bring help, but mainly it should be spreading the gospel. It is not focused on satisfying tangible needs, because different organizations can do that.

This is true, we must agree, but is it enough? “Solidarity with the poor” and “preaching salvation” are not enough if the Church doesn’t demonstrate by its activities that is close to the poor. This is what the Pope was thinking when he decided, at least for now, to continue living in Vatican’s modest hotel, Santa Marta.

The Church that talks about the need to tend to the destitute but itself wallows in luxury is simply not worthy of trust. Bishop Polak notes that one real lesson of destitution would be useful for some members of the hieararchy in Poland. (One can't help think of the Archdiocese Of Gdansk, and its current shepherd Archbishop Slawoj Leszek Glodz...)

Too many live in lavish homes and are driven around in fancy cars. Even a parish priest who delivers a sermon on destitution and then gets in his Audi is less trustworthy than the one who drives a beat-up car and resides in a spartan presbytery.

This is not demagoguery. Pope Francis himself, as a cardinal, used public transport instead of just weaving beautiful metaphors about destitution.

Who owns what?

The Pope’s vision has been also interpreted by Cardinal Kazimierz Nycz of Warsaw. He said that it doesn’t mean that “the Pope will banish rich people from the Church.” He also said that it doesn’t mean, as some think, that the Pope Francis will dump all the relics and priceless pieces of art that have been in Vatican for centuries. Instead the real meaning of this destitution is to send a message to those who have become too attached to material things.

Wallowing in luxury Tadeusz Rydzyk (a Roman Catholic priest and Redemptorist, who runs the conservative and controversial Radio Maryja radio station) amused everyone in Poland when he declared that he doesn’t possess anything himself because all of his things belong to the Redemptorists.

There are also some parishes where the priests directly express their dissatisfaction with receiving no contributions from their parishioners. There were recent reports about clergy “buying” good parishes of wealthy laity. (Again, Archbishop GÅ‚ódź of Gdansk can be cited here).

Bishop WiesÅ‚aw Åšmigiel understands Pope Francis’ vision very well. "If the Church gets lost in sumptuousness, and only takes care of itself and of multiplying its goods, then the evangelical mission will be rendered impossible."

In March, after Cardinal Borgoglio had been chosen as the next Pope, this was Archbishop GÅ‚ódź"s reaction: "Borgoglio was called a cardinal for the poor. Pope Francis brings his experience to Rome and will definitely show its value, especially in affluent and inward-looking Europe."

But this wasn’t the new Pope’s point. Archbishop StanisÅ‚aw GÄ…decki of Poznan gets closer to understanding Francis' vision: "The European perspective, which had seemed to be the only one possible, will be extended and force us to practice what we preach: poverty and humility. Everyone demands that the Pope be humble, poor, and open, but it doesn’t change our attitude." Indeed, why do people continue to cling to the Church, but yet also treasure their bank deposits so dearly? Do we risk leaving Pope Francis to be left alone, clinging only to the Church?

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Why I Fled: Meet The Russian Men Choosing Exile Over Putin's War

After Vladimir Putin announced a national military draft, thousands of men are fleeing the country. Independent Russian news platform Vazhnye Istorii spoke to three men at risk of conscription who've already fled.

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Vazhnye Istorii

A mix of panic, violence and soul-searching has followed Russian President Vladimir Putin's announcement of a partial mobilization of 300,000 men to fight the increasingly difficult “special operation” in Ukraine.

Soon after the announcement, protests were reported in Moscow and around the country, with at least 2,000 people being detained during the past several days. It is still unclear how successful these protests will be.

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More notably, the mobilization decree also prompted more than 260,000 men of conscription age to leave left the country. Observers believe that number will continue to grow, especially as long as the borders stay open. Almost all men aged 18-65 are eligible, but some professions, including banking and the media, are exempt.

Vazhnye Istorii, an independent Russian investigative news platform based in Latvia, spoke to three of the many thousands who have chosen to flee the country.

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