March 24, 2016
TURIN â€" In Brussels, just like in Paris before â€" Europe is under attack. A well-trained commando of followers of the caliphate of Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi, leader of the Islamic State (ISIS), developed a minutely detailed plan to strike and cause the greatest possible number of civilian casualties, unleashing chaos and pointedly revealing the inability of local security forces to defend their territory. Itâ€™s a guerrilla tactic that originates in the jihadist training camps of the caliphate, in Syrian and Iraqi territories, and it reveals the creation of a kind of â€œMinistry of Foreign Operationsâ€ in Raqqa, capable of issuing orders and following operations at a distance. It also suggests that a campaign of attacks against European cities is already well underway.
ISIS is a bloodthirsty, adaptable adversary, because itâ€™s capable of adjusting its combat methods to different battlegrounds. In the desert, it relies on small groups of fighters to control resources and communication channels, eluding enemy raids. In the West, it goes after major cities with assault groups capable of using various types of arms, because in these cities they have an abundance of targets â€" namely, civilians.
The jihadist campaign against our cities has three goals.
First: to incite ISIS followers and thereby multiply the number of recruits in Europe; that is, to reinforce the terrorist cells operating within Europeâ€™s Muslim community, which by and large has not been contaminated by the caliphateâ€™s totalitarian ideology.
Second: to demonstrate in the Middle East and North Africa that ISIS is the most powerful jihadist organization, and so convince rivals and adversaries from within the fundamentalist galaxy to submit to its authority, over that of organizations such as al-Qaeda and the Muslim Brotherhood.
Third: to terrify Europeans, governments and citizens alike, pushing them into a feeling of helplessness and weakness that will pave the way for the scenario the jihadists so fervently desire â€" that is, the economic and human sacking of the Old Continent.
If on Sept. 11, 2001, Osama bin Laden attacked America to try to force the West to leave Islamic territories, Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi is pursuing the apolitical project of a jihadist caliphate that can ultimately subjugate Europe â€" Rome included â€" to avenge the fall of Constantinople.
ISIS documents, videos and testimonies offer a treasure of information, almost always accessible online, that allows us to see the shocking clarity of the caliphateâ€™s terror project. Such clarity of intent clashes with the confusion that rules our democracies as a group.
For nearly two years, Europe and the United States have been fighting a listless and disorganized war against ISIS in Syria and Iraq. In Africa, theyâ€™ve left the initiative to jihadists in Libya and Mali. And on the home front, theyâ€™re divided over security policies that in the best of cases are uncoordinated, and in the worst of cases are directly in contrast with one another. This allows the jihadists to have more means and opportunities to strike in a borderless battleground. Thatâ€™s why democracies need a new coalition to face and fight the singular totalitarian adversary of the 21st century.
The precedents from the last century hint at the right path to follow: We must come to an agreement over the definition of our enemy, to understand it inside and out and then adopt a security doctrine capable of defeating it.
To fight against the caliphate with last centuryâ€™s arsenal of ideas, strategies and arms would only condemn us to enduring other massacres. Right now, our united democracies seem devoid of politicians capable of taking on such a challenge, but history teaches us that it is often crises and wars that shape the next generations of leaders.
*Maurizio Molinari is La Stampa"s editor-in-chief
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Anne-Sophie Goninet, Jane Herbelin and Bertrand Hauger
October 25, 2021
Welcome to Monday, where an apparent coup is underway in Sudan, Colombia's most-wanted drug lord gets caught, and Michael Jordan's rookie sneakers score an auction record. We also focus on a report that the Thai government is abusing the country's centuries-old law to protect the monarchy from criticism (lèse-majesté) to target pro-democracy activists and protesters.
[*Zdraveite - Bulgarian]
🌎 7 THINGS TO KNOW RIGHT NOW
• Developing: Sudan leaders arrested amid military coup reports: Soldiers have arrested several members of Sudan's transitional government as well as civilian leaders, and Prime Minister Abdallah Hamdok has reportedly been put under house arrest, in what the information ministry called a military coup. Pro-democracy protesters have taken to the streets of the capital city Khartoum where there are reports of gunfire and clashes.
• Colombia's most wanted drug lord to be sent to U.S.: Colombia's most dangerous drug trafficker, known as Otoniel, was caught after a joint army, air force and police operation and faces extradition to the U.S. He led the country's largest criminal gang, and was on the U.S. most wanted list for years.
• Xi speech marks China's UN anniversary: China's President Xi Jinping marked the 50th anniversary of Beijing's entry into the United Nations with a speech calling for greater global cooperation, adding that issues like climate change, terrorism and cyber security needed multilateral solutions. Taiwan was not mentioned.
• German ISIS bride jailed for crimes against humanity: A German court has sentenced a German woman and former member of the Islamic State to 10 years in prison for letting a 5-year-old Yazidi enslaved girl die of thirst in Iraq. The case is one of the world's first trials to prosecute a war crime against the Yazidis.
• COVID update: The Beijing marathon scheduled next weekend has been postponed until further notice as China seeks to stamp out Delta variant outbreak and return to zero cases ahead of the Winter Olympics next February. Meanwhile, coronavirus cases in Eastern Europe have surpassed the 20 million mark as the region fights against its worst outbreak since the pandemic started and vaccination efforts lag.
• Goodbye, Gunther: U.S. actor James Michael Tyler, best known for his role as the barista Gunther on the TV show Friends, has died at 59 of prostate cancer.
• Sneakers record: A pair of Michael Jordan's white-and-red Nike shoes, which he wore during his rookie season with the Chicago Bulls in 1984, sold for $1.47 million — a new record price for sneakers at auction.
🗞️ FRONT PAGE
"The end of a boss," titles Colombian daily El Espectador, reporting on the arrest of drug lord Dairo Antonio Usuga, known as Otoniel, who had led Colombia's largest criminal gang and had been on the U.S. Drug Enforcement Agency's most wanted list for years. He was captured in a raid and will be extradited to the U.S.
#️⃣ BY THE NUMBERS
A Georgia man is being prosecuted for wire fraud after spending most of his business's COVID relief loan to buy one Pokémon trading card for $57,789.
📰 STORY OF THE DAY
How Thailand's "Lèse-Majesté" law is used to stifle all protest
Once meant to protect the royal family, the century-old law has become a tool for the military-led government in Bangkok to stamp out all dissent. A new report outlines the abuses.
👑 Thailand's Criminal Code "Lèse-Majesté" Article 112 imposes jail terms for defaming, insulting, or threatening the monarchy, with sentences of three to 15 years. This law has been present in Thai politics since 1908, though applied sparingly, only when direct verbal or written attacks against members of the royal family. But after the May 2014 military coup d'état, Thailand experienced the first wave of lèse-majesté arrests, prosecutions, and detentions of at least 127 individuals arrested in a much wider interpretation of the law.
🚨 The recent report "Second Wave: The Return of Lèse-Majesté in Thailand," documents how the Thai government has "used and abused Article 112 of the Criminal Code to target pro-democracy activists and protesters in relation to their online political expression and participation in peaceful pro-democracy demonstrations." The investigation shows 124 individuals, including at least eight minors, have been charged with lèse-majesté between November 2020 and August 2021. The new wave of charges is cited as a response to the rising pro-democracy protests across Thailand over the past year.
💻 The more than a century-old law is now largely playing out online, where much of today's protest takes place in Thailand. Thai student activist Juthatip Sirikan says people are willing to go further on social media to expose information such as how the king intervenes in politics and the monarchy's accumulation of wealth, information the mainstream media rarely reports on them. Not surprisingly, however, social media is heavily monitored and the military is involved in Intelligence operations and cyber attacks against human rights defenders and critics of any kind.
➡️ Read more on Worldcrunch.com
"Children are going to die. People are going to starve."
— The United Nations warns that Afghanistan verges on a "total breakdown" as millions of Afghans, including children, could die of starvation unless urgent action is taken by the international community. The agency calls for the release of frozen assets to avoid economic and social collapse, despite concerns over the Taliban government. A recent report said that about 97% of Afghanistan's population may sink below the poverty line, and World Food Programme (WFP) Executive Director David Beasley warned that more than half of Afghanistan's population of 39 million were facing acute food insecurity and "marching to starvation" in comparison to 14 million two months ago.
🕌 🔍 IN OTHER NEWS
Dutch cities have been secretly probing mosques since 2013
At least ten Dutch towns and cities have secretly used a private agency to probe mosques and other local religious organizations, Amsterdam-based daily het NRC reports in an exclusive investigation.
The clandestine operation — funded by NCTV, the National Security Services, the Netherlands' leading counter-terrorism agency — was prompted by the social unrest and uncertainty following multiple terror attacks in 2013, and a rise in Islamic radicalization.
The NCTV, which advises and financially supports municipalities in countering radicalization, put the municipalities in touch with Nuance by Training and Advice (Nuance door Trainingen en Advies, NTA), a private research agency based in Deventer, Netherlands. Among the institutions targeted by the investigations, which came at a cost of circa 500,000 euros, were the Al Mouahidin mosque in the central Dutch town of Ede, and the Nasser mosque east of the city of Utrecht, according to NRC.
Unlike public officials, the private agency can enter the mosques to clandestinely research the situation. In this case, the agents observed activity, talked to visitors, administrators, and religious leaders, and investigated what they do and say on social media.
All findings then wound up in a secret report which includes personal details about what the administrators and teachers studied, who their relatives are, with whom they argued, and how often they had contact with authorities in foreign countries, like Morocco.
It is unclear whether the practice is legal, which is why several members of the Dutch Parliament are now demanding clarification from the outgoing Minister of Justice and Security, Ferd Grapperhaus, who is said to be involved.
"The ease with which the government violates (fundamental) rights when it comes to Islam or Muslims is shocking," Stephan van Baarle, member of the leftist party DENK, told De Volkskrant, another Dutch newspaper.
Leaders of the Muslim organizations that were secretly probed say they feel betrayed. Hassan Saidi, director of one of the mosques investigated, said that the relationship with the local municipality had been good. "This puts a huge dent in the trust I'd had in the municipality," he told the Dutch public broadcaster NOS.
✍️ Newsletter by Anne-Sophie Goninet, Jane Herbelin and Bertrand Hauger
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