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Germany

Kicking, Talking In Your Sleep May Be Early Warning Of Parkinson's

HAMBURGER ABENDBLATT, PRESSETEXTE(Germany)

Worldcrunch

HAMBURG - Aggressive dreams and other unusual sleep-related activity may be an early warning sign that someone will develop Parkinson’s disease, according to a new German neurology study, the Hamburger Abendblatt reports.

At the annual convention of German neurologists this week in Hamburg, Prof. Wolfgang Oertel of the University of Marburg described patients with aggressive behavior in their sleep: kicks, blows, and screams. According to Oertel, the symptoms of aggression during sleep arise during the REM (Rapid Eye Movement) phase, usually in the second half of the night. Most of the patients with such symptoms are over 50, and 87.5 % are men.

“Someone who moves and talks while asleep has a 60 to 70% chance of getting Parkinson’s or a multiple system atrophy (MSA) within 10 to 30 years,” Oertel told Pressetext, a German news agency.

The patients, whose REMs are also abnormal, begin to have violent dreams where they feel they must defend themselves, often hurting themselves or the person they are sleeping with.

Oertel says that people with such dreams should go to a sleep or neurological center to be tested. There is no treatment as yet, but early detection greatly improves the prognosis for neurological diseases.

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Society

India Higher Education Inferior Complex: Where Are The Foreign University Campuses?

The proposed UGC guidelines are ill-conceived and populist, and hardly take note of the educational and financial interests of foreign universities.

Image of a group of five people sitting on the grass inside of the Indian Institute of Technology campus.

The IIT - Indian Institute of Technology - Campus

M.M Ansari and Mohammad Naushad Khan

NEW DELHI — Nearly 800,000 young people from India attend foreign universities every year in search of quality education and entrepreneurial training, resulting in a massive outflow of resources – $3 billion – to finance their education. These students look for greener pastures abroad because of the lack of quality teaching and research in most of India’s higher education institutions.

Over 40,000 colleges and 1,000 universities are producing unemployable graduates who cannot function in a knowledge- and technology-intensive economy.

The Indian government's solution is to open doors to foreign universities, with a proposed set of regulations aiming to provide higher education and research services to match global standards, and to control the outflow of resources. But this decision raises many questions.

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