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Switzerland

Inside The Swiss Discovery Of 50 New Exoplanets Beyond The Milky Way

Talking with the team of Swiss researchers at the Observatory of the University of Geneva, who made the important discovery that will lead to a better understanding of planetary systems outside our own galaxy, the Milky Way.

Artist's impression of exoplanets orbiting the Sun-like star Upsilon Andromedae A
Artist's impression of exoplanets orbiting the Sun-like star Upsilon Andromedae A

GENEVA - For Michel Mayor of the University of Geneva Observatory, it was an impressive list of achievements: his team managed to discover no less than 50 new exoplanets orbiting around another star than our sun, thanks to the HARPS spectrometer located at La Silla Observatory in Chile. Sixteen of these planets outside our galaxy are "super-Earths' -- exoplanets that possess masses one to 10 times larger than Earth. The 50 exoplanets swell the ranks of the 604 "other worlds' that have already been discovered.

Why is this discovery important? Francesco Pepe, from the Swiss team, says the bulk of new information can be applied to ongoing studies. "We can now safely say that about half the stars that are similar to our sun are surrounded by at least one super-Earth," Pepe explained.

His colleague Didier Queloz adds: "What we have here is a number of planetary systems that are very compact. Whereas our solar system isn't. And we're trying to understand why."

Resonant planets

With the discovery, Queloz says the so-called Nice model hypothesis is gaining traction. "Jupiter and Saturn, because they were moving ‘in resonance" (ed : in a synchronic way), have played a crucial role -- thanks to their respective masses-- in the way the planets of our solar system are organized today," Queloz says. But as of today, scientists still haven't found a planetary system comparable to ours, nor have they yet discovered any "copy" of Earth, though that doesn't mean it doesn't exist. "There is so much background noise in the data we collect that it would take us years before obtaining anything reliable."

In order to hunt down "other Earths,", scientists will resort to more powerful telescopes, like the E-ELT (European Extremely Large Telescope) that is currently being built in Chile.

Read the original article in French

Photo - Lucianomendez

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Geopolitics

Why The 'Perfect Storm' Of Iran's Protests May Be Unstoppable

The latest round of anti-regime protests in Iran is different than other in the 40 years of the Islamic Republic: for its universality and boldness, the level of public fury and grief, and the role of women and social media. The target is not some policy or the economy, but the regime itself.

A woman holds a lock of her hair during a London rally to protest the murder of Mahsa Amini in London

Roshanak Astaraki

-Analysis-

The death of 22-year-old Mahsa Amini in Tehran on Sept. 16, after a possible beating at a police station, has sparked outrage and mass protests in Iran and abroad. There have been demonstrations and a violent attempt to suppress them in more than 100 districts in every province of Iran.

These protests may look like others since 2017, and back even to 1999 — yet we may be facing an unprecedented turning point in Iranians' opposition to the Islamic Republic. Indeed newly installed conservative President Ibrahim Raisi could not have expected such momentum when he set off for a quick trip to New York and back for a meeting of the UN General Assembly.

For one of the mistakes of a regime that takes pride in dismissing the national traditions of Iran is to have overlooked the power of grief among our people.

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