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How 'Kangaroo' Care Saves Premature Babies In Senegal

First established in Colombia, kangaroo care for underweight babies relies on constant mother-child contact and avoids costs and complications of incubators that rarely arrive in Africa.

Twin boys strapped to their grandmother’s chest in Malawi.
Twin boys strapped to their grandmother’s chest in Malawi.
Rémi Barroux

DAKAR — Three moms are occupying the cream-colored room of the Albert-Royer Children Hospital, in the Fann neighborhood of Senegal's capital. Each is caring for her newborn of little more than four pounds. Resting skin-to-skin, the contact between mother and child provides the warmth necessary to treat premature babies. This is called the "kangaroo method."

As she is cuddling her little Adama, one mother named Comba Fall wears a special homemade T-shirt that has a slit to let her son's head out. The 23-year-old mom has been there for four days, after realizing that her son, born during the eighth month of pregnancy, was losing weight. He was only 3.5 pounds at birth. But so far, the kangaroo method is working: Adama is gaining around 0.3 ounce per day.

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FOCUS: Russia-Ukraine War

Hide-And-Seek Of Drone Warfare, A Letter From Ukraine's Front Line

A member of the Ukrainian Armed Forces writes his account of the new dynamic of targeting, and being targeted by, the invading Russian troops, as drones circle above and trenches get left behind.

A Ukrainian military drone operator during a testing of anti-drone rifle in Kyiv.

Igor Lutsenko*

KYIV — The current war in Ukraine is a game of hide-and-seek. Both sides are very well-stocked with artillery, enough to destroy the enemy along many kilometers. Swarms of drones fly through the air day and night, keeping a close eye on the earth's surface below. If they notice something interesting, it immediately becomes a target. Depending on the priority, they put it in line for destruction by artillery.

Therefore, the only effective way to survive is to hide, or at least somehow prove to the drones your non-priority status — and avoid moving to the front of the 'queue of death.'

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In general, the nature of this queue is a particular thing. It may seem to be a god, but is instead a simple artillery captain's decision of when to have lunch, and when to fire on the house where several enemy soldiers are staying. It's just a handful of ordinary people (observers, artillerymen) deciding how long their enemies will live depending on their own schedule or the weather, the availability of ammunition or if they're feeling tired.

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Central to the tragic absurdity of this war is the question of language. Vladimir Putin has repeated that protecting ethnic Russians and the Russian-speaking populations of Ukraine was a driving motivation for his invasion.

Yet one month on, a quick look at the map shows that many of the worst-hit cities are those where Russian is the predominant language: Kharkiv, Odesa, Kherson.

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