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Erasing The ‘Memory’ Of Cocaine: A Breakthrough In Treating Addiction

The fight against addiction may have a powerful new weapon. Rehab will rid your body of addictive substances and teach you how to live without drugs, but temptation remains. What if you could forget ever having taken cocaine?

But what's inside? (wstryder)
Hooked on the memory (andronicusmax)

GENEVA – Unlike many other drugs, cocaine does not trigger a physical addiction. It can however cause a psychological one in some 20% of its users, which can push them to lose control over their consumption, and can often lead to dire consequences.

It is also that psychological addiction that lasts even after rehab, because the brain will forever remember having taken the drug

Now, neuroscience researchers from Geneva University may have found a way to erase that memory through a new laser technique that they have successfully tested on mice.

The scientists focused on a part of the nervous system called the "reward circuit." The main function of this network of brain cells is associating vital behaviors – like eating or reproducing – with feelings of pleasure. Information is transmitted between two different areas of the brain: one holds information on levels of satisfaction, and the other registers the context in which it happened.

Cocaine abnormally raises levels in the brain of dopamine, a substance responsible for the transmission of information between both parts of the brain. That phenomenon forever marks the brain and explains why even after years of sobriety, a recovering addict can still be tempted by the drug.

"Take someone who took cocaine in a certain place. Even sober, this person won't be able to walk by that same place without some of his brain cells getting excited and awakening a desire to take the drug," says Vincent Pascoli, the lead researcher.

It is this hidden memory, mixing context and desire to use, that the researchers say can be erased. Working on mice that have ingested cocaine, they infect certain brain cells in a virus that introduces a light-sensitive protein that can be targeted by a laser. With the use of a laser, researchers were able to control brain activity and bring information transmission levels back to normal.

The process proved a success in the short term, with the mice acting like they'd never taken cocaine in the days following the procedure. The long-term effects have yet to be tested on mice. And of course, the procedure must still be tried on humans.

Read the full story in French by Etienne Dubuis

Photo – andronicusmax

*Newsbites are digest items, not direct translations

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Pakistan Procession Blast Kills 52, MAGA Shooting, Ancient Shoes

A 23-year-old man opened fire at a rally in Espanola, northern New Mexico, against the installation of a new statue of Spanish conquistador Juan de Oñate. A Native American man was injured. The alleged gunman, who is in custody, was earlier photographed wearing a red "Make America Great Again" baseball cap and arguing with anti-colonialism protesters.

Anne-Sophie Goninet, Valeria Berghinz & Jakob Mieszkowski-Lapping

👋 Halló!*

Updated September 29 at 1:35 p.m.

Welcome to Friday, where a suspected suicide bomb blast at a procession kills dozens in Pakistan, the Dutch city of Rotterdam is shaken by twin shootings, and sandals found in a bat cave in Spain turn out to be really, really old. Meanwhile, we look at how Russia's mercenary model for warfare will survive the death of Wagner Group chief Yevgeny Prigozhin.

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