When the world gets closer.

We help you see farther.

Sign up to our expressly international daily newsletter.

Germany

Does The Gender Of A Teacher Matter?

The conventional wisdom says a male teacher shortage is bad for society, and the surplus of women in education might work against boys. A new study confronts the myths.

A kindergarten teacher in Xiahogan China
A kindergarten teacher in Xiahogan China
Fanny Jiménez

BERLIN — The conventional wisdom is that we desperately need more male teachers. After all, according to a report on the gender of teachers in German schools, on average 85% of them are women.

Given that the report is now 10 years old, it's likely that the current number is even higher, because the representation of women in teaching has been rising steadily over the last century. In 1960, about 46% of elementary school teachers were women, but by 1990 they represented 67% of all German teachers. A similar trend has been tracked in other Western countries

Some education experts consider this so-called "feminization" of the teaching profession a real concern. They believe boys might perform better were they to have more male teachers.

When it comes to student performance, as a matter of fact, studies show that girls have overtaken boys. They tend to start school earlier, are less likely to have to repeat classes, and attend high school longer than boys.

Now, whether this is directly related to the domination of female teachers is unclear. There are indeed various studies trying to answer that question, but to date, they contradict one another.

Marcel Helbig, from Berlin's Social Science Research Center, has recently published an overview study that includes data from 42 surveys and 2.4 million pupils from 41 countries. His finding is that it makes absolutely no difference in student performance whether the boys have female or male teachers.

Girls don't particularly benefit from female teachers, and the same is true for boys from male teachers, he says. The teacher's gender simply doesn't matter at all, Helbig concludes.

"Therefore, there is no empirical basis for political programs claiming to resolve boys' education crisis with more male teachers," Helbig says. In fact, he says, girls have always performed better in the classroom. His investigation of 369 studies confirmed that between 1914 and 2011, there were no major changes in student performance between boys and girls.

He explains the phenomenon by saying the two genders have different kinds of motivation and commitment levels. Girls tend to be more disciplined and hardworking, which results in better grades.

"Self-discipline and the willingness to work hard in order to get good grades and are not part of men's typical gender concepts," Helbig says.

If and how the school plays a key role in this behavior remains an open question for the scientist. Maybe boys do need male teachers: not to settle any injustices, but as role models.

You've reached your limit of free articles.

To read the full story, start your free trial today.

Get unlimited access. Cancel anytime.

Exclusive coverage from the world's top sources, in English for the first time.

Insights from the widest range of perspectives, languages and countries.

eyes on the U.S.

Eyes On U.S. — California, The World Is Worried About You

As an Italian bestseller explores why people are fleeing the Golden State, the international press also takes stock of unprecedented Silicon Valley layoffs. It may be a warning for the rest of the world.

Photo of a window pane with water droplets reflecting Facebook's thumb up logo, with one big thumb down in the background

Are you OK, Meta?

Ginevra Falciani and Bertrand Hauger

-Analysis-

For as long as we can remember, the world has seen California as the embodiment of the American Dream.

Today, this dream may be fading — and the world is taking notice.

A peek at the Italian list of non-fiction best-sellers in 2022 includes California by Francesco Costa, a book that looks to explain why 340,000 people moved out of the state last year, causing a drop in its population for the first time ever.

To receive Eyes on U.S. each week in your inbox, sign up here.

Why are all these people leaving a state that on paper looks like the best place in the world to live? Why are stickers with the phrase “Don't California my Texas” attached to the back of so many pick-up trucks?

Keep reading...Show less

You've reached your limit of free articles.

To read the full story, start your free trial today.

Get unlimited access. Cancel anytime.

Exclusive coverage from the world's top sources, in English for the first time.

Insights from the widest range of perspectives, languages and countries.

The latest