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Why So Angry Mister Lego?

What the facial evolution of children's toys tells us about our conflict-driven society.

How about a smile?
How about a smile?

MUNICH - Sure, life is no picnic. But do kids have to be taught the hard truths so early and so clearly when all they really want to do is play with their Legos?

That’s the question asked by New Zealand researchers at the University of Canterbury, in Christchurch, who have completed a study showing that the expressions on the faces of Lego figures are getting “angrier.” They suspect that that’s because the toymaker has been introducing conflict-based themes.

The study, which will be presented at the First International Conference on Human-Agent Interaction in Sapporo, Japan, on August 7, examined the facial expressions of all 6,000 mini-figures produced by the Danish toy manufacturer and reached the conclusion that the number of Lego figures whose faces exhibit negative emotions is growing steadily.

Photo: Josh Wedin

The researchers relate the angry expressions to thematic changes in Lego building sets: "It is our impression that the themes have been increasingly based on conflicts. Often a good force is struggling with a bad one,” explained Dr. Christoph Bartneck, the lead researcher of the study and director of the university’s HIT lab, which focuses on human interface technology. "But the facial expressions are not directly matched to good and evil. Even the good characters suffer in their struggle and the villains can have a smug expression. In any case, the variety of faces has increased considerably."

Most Lego building sets released today belong to certain themes, such as movies or videogames.

Photo: Josh Wedin

Lego says it can’t understand this criticism of its products. "We don’t support violence, and we always combine conflict with humor," said spokesperson Roar Rude Trangbæk about the university’s findings.

According to Trangbæk, having figures with many facial expressions makes it easier to play out more complex scenes. Lego’s user research shows that boys aged between five and nine like games of conflict "so for example we have policemen who catch criminals." But there are limits to the amount of conflict he added. "We avoid modern war situations, or modern arms. The theme of the game should concentrate on conflict but not violence," Trangbæk said.

For his part, Dr. Bartneck advised the company to take care with expressions and test their effect since toys play an important role in the development of children. “The move away from positive faces could have an impact on how children play,” he said.

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Society

What It Means When The Jews Of Germany No Longer Feel Safe

A neo-Nazi has been buried in the former grave of a Jewish musicologist Max Friedlaender – not an oversight, but a deliberate provocation. This is just one more example of antisemitism on the rise in Germany, and society's inability to respond.

At a protest against antisemitism in Berlin

Eva Marie Kogel

-Essay-

BERLIN — If you want to check the state of your society, there's a simple test: as the U.S. High Commissioner for Germany, John Jay McCloy, said in 1949, the touchstone for a democracy is the well-being of Jews. This litmus test is still relevant today. And it seems Germany would not pass.


Incidents are piling up. Most recently, groups of neo-Nazis from across the country traveled to a church near Berlin for the funeral of a well-known far-right figure. He was buried in the former grave of Jewish musicologist Max Friedlaender, a gravesite chosen deliberately by the right-wing extremists.

The incident at the cemetery

They intentionally chose a Jewish grave as an act of provocation, trying to gain maximum publicity for this act of desecration. And the cemetery authorities at the graveyard in Stahnsdorf fell for it. The church issued an immediate apology, calling it a "terrible mistake" and saying they "must immediately see whether and what we can undo."

There are so many incidents that get little to no media attention.

It's unfathomable that this burial was allowed to take place at all, but now the cemetery authorities need to make a decision quickly about how to put things right. Otherwise, the grave may well become a pilgrimage site for Holocaust deniers and antisemites.

The incident has garnered attention in the international press and it will live long in the memory. Like the case of singer-songwriter Gil Ofarim, who recently claimed he was subjected to antisemitic abuse at a hotel in Leipzig. Details of the crime are still being investigated. But there are so many other incidents that get little to no media attention.

Photo of the grave of Jewish musicologist Max Friedlaender

The grave of Jewish musicologist Max Friedlaender

Jens Kalaene/dpa/ZUMA

Crimes against Jews are rising

Across all parts of society, antisemitism is on the rise. Until a few years ago, Jewish life was seen as an accepted part of German society. Since the attack on the synagogue in Halle in 2019, the picture has changed: it was a bitter reminder that right-wing terror against Jewish people has a long, unbroken history in Germany.

Stories have abounded about the coronavirus crisis being a Jewish conspiracy; meanwhile, Muslim antisemitism is becoming louder and more forceful. The anti-Israel boycott movement BDS rears its head in every debate on antisemitism, just as left-wing or post-colonial thinking are part of every discussion.

Jewish life needs to be allowed to step out of the shadows.

Since 2015, the number of antisemitic crimes recorded has risen by about a third, to 2,350. But victims only report around 20% of cases. Some choose not to because they've had bad experiences with the police, others because they're afraid of the perpetrators, and still others because they just want to put it behind them. Victims clearly hold out little hope of useful reaction from the state – so crimes go unreported.

And the reality of Jewish life in Germany is a dark one. Sociologists say that Jewish children are living out their "identity under siege." What impact does it have on them when they can only go to nursery under police protection? Or when they hear Holocaust jokes at school?

Germany needs to take its antisemitism seriously

This shows that the country of commemorative services and "stumbling blocks" placed in sidewalks as a memorial to victims of the Nazis has lost its moral compass. To make it point true north again, antisemitism needs to be documented from the perspective of those affected, making it visible to the non-Jewish population. And Jewish life needs to be allowed to step out of the shadows.

That is the first thing. The second is that we need to talk about specifically German forms of antisemitism. For example, the fact that in no other EU country are Jewish people so often confronted about the Israeli government's policies (according to a survey, 41% of German Jews have experienced this, while the EU average is 28%). Projecting the old antisemitism onto the state of Israel offers people a more comfortable target for their arguments.

Our society needs to have more conversations about antisemitism. The test of German democracy, as McCloy called it, starts with taking these concerns seriously and talking about them. We need to have these conversations because it affects all of us. It's about saving our democracy. Before it's too late.

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