Sources

New Study: Top Women Managers May Be Tougher Than Men

The cliché tells us that women forge a more sensitive and socially responsible working environment. A new study has proven that the opposite is the case.

Yahoo! CEO Marissa Mayer
Yahoo! CEO Marissa Mayer
Inga Michler

FRANKFURT â€" A new global study has found that the idea of a "feminine" corporate management style is a myth.

The global survey has found that the managerial approach within companies becomes more target-focused and tougher as more women reach senior executive positions. According to the study, overseen by the Frankfurt office of the international personnel consultant agency Russell Reynolds Associates, there is a significant drop in emphasis on sociable relationships within a gender-mixed senior managerial team.

Die Welt is the first to report on the findings, which run contrary to the prevalent belief in the current gender diversity debate, according to which the managerial style becomes more "feminine," i.e. more sensitive and socially responsible, with the ascent of women to the helm. Indeed, an analysis of in-depth interviews with more than 4,300 international subjects has demonstrated that the opposite is the case.

The classic gender stereotype begins to disappear when the share of women in managerial positions goes beyond the critical mass of 22%. It is at that point that women start focusing more on their own career and become more like their male counterparts in terms of assertiveness and toughness. The care extended to others and the nursing of relationship decreases measurably with men and women alike once it has gone beyond that critical point.

"The world of management is becoming a tougher place because of this," Joachim Bohner, author of the study and assessment expert of Russell Reynolds, told Die Welt. Instead, everyone becomes more focused on success as a result.

"General" management

"Both women and men in managerial positions get closer to the ideal of a "general manager," Bohner explained. This notion of a "general manager" refers to a professional profile best equipped to deal with the dynamics of the ever-changing markets and the demands placed on companies, which now change at an unprecedented speed.

Photo: pexels

"This particular person is performance oriented, with the power and ability to engage people emotionally â€" but at the same time does not hesitate to make difficult decisions if they are necessary to the transformation process," Bohner said.

To overcome the classic gender roles, female managers can likewise be focused on results in an ever more competitive environment. "It enables them to shake off their "exotic" status and simply be an executive," says Bohner, who holds a PhD in psychology.

Women thus can be unshackled from the burden of solving social problems within teams just because they supposedly have more emotional intelligence. "This allows them to finally be on an equal footing with their male executive colleagues and be more successful in their jobs."

Russell Reynolds consultants have devised so-called psychometrical profiles of top managers from 25 countries by using 48 different variants, such as abstract thinking, warmth towards others and perception of fear. The consultants then ordered these countries according to their share of female executives in ascending order, ranging from low to medium to a large percentage of women in managerial positions.

The study demonstrated that once women reach the top level, both women and men seem to share a significant amount of character traits. "The differences between individuals become more relevant at this level than the fact they are of a different gender," Bohner says.

Keep up with the world. Break out of the bubble.
Sign up to our expressly international daily newsletter!
Green

Ecological Angst In India, A Mining Dumpsite As Neighbor

Local villagers in western India have been forced to live with a mining waste site on the edge of town. What happens when you wake up one day and the giant mound of industrial waste has imploded?

The mining dumpsite is situated just outside of the Badi village in the coastal state of Gujarat

Sukanya Shantha

BADI — Last week, when the men and women from the Bharwad community in this small village in western India stepped out for their daily work to herd livestock, they were greeted with a strange sight.

The 20-meter-high small hill that had formed at the open-cast mining dumpsite had suddenly sunk. Unsure of the reason behind the sudden caving-in, they immediately informed other villagers. In no time, word had traveled far, even drawing the attention of environment specialists and activists from outside town.

This mining dumpsite situated less than 500 meters outside of the Badi village in the coastal state of Gujarat has been a matter of serious concern ever since the Gujarat Power Corporation Limited began lignite mining work here in early 2017. The power plant is run by the Power Gujarat State Electricity Corporation Limited, which was previously known as the Bhavnagar Energy Company Ltd.

Vasudev Gohil, a 43-year-old resident of Badi village says that though the dumping site is technically situated outside the village, locals must pass the area on a daily basis.


"We are constantly on tenterhooks and looking for danger signs," he says. Indeed, their state of alert is how the sudden change in the shape of the dumpsite was noticed in the first place.

Can you trust environmental officials?

For someone visiting the place for the first time, the changes may not stand out. "But we have lived all our lives here, we know every little detail of this village. And when a 150-meter-long stretch cave-in by over 25-30 feet, the change can't be overlooked," Gohil adds.

This is not the first time that the dumpsite has worried local residents. Last November, a large part of the flattened part of the dumpsite had developed deep cracks and several flat areas had suddenly got elevated. While the officials had attributed this significant elevation to the high pressure of water in the upper strata of soil in the region, environment experts had pointed to seismic activities. The change is evident even today, nearly a year since it happened.

It could have sunk because of the rain.

After the recent incident, when the villagers raised an alarm and sent a written complaint to the regional Gujarat Pollution Control Board, an official visit to the site was arranged, along with the district administration and the mining department.

The regional pollution board officer Bhavnagar, A.G. Oza, insists the changes "aren't worrisome" and attributes it to the weather.

"The area received heavy rain this time. It is possible that the soil could have sunk in because of the rain," he tells The Wire. The Board, he says, along with the mining department, is now trying to assess if the caving-in had any impact on the ground surface.

"We visited the site as soon as a complaint was made. Samples have already been sent to the laboratory and we will have a clear idea only once the reports are made available," Oza adds.

Women from the Surkha village have to travel several kilometers to find potable water

Sukanya Shantha/The Wire

A questionable claim

That the dumpsite had sunk in was noticeable for at least three days between October 1 and 3, but Rohit Prajapati of an environmental watchdog group Paryavaran Suraksha Samiti, noted that it was not the first time.

"This is the third time in four years that something so strange is happening. It is a disaster in the making and the authorities ought to examine the root cause of the problem," Prajapati says, adding that the department has repeatedly failed to properly address the issue.

He also contests the GPCB's claim that excess rain could lead to something so drastic. "Then why was similar impact not seen on other dumping sites in the region? One cannot arrive at conclusions for geological changes without a deeper study of them," he says. "It can have deadly implications."

Living in pollution

The villagers have also accused the GPCB of overlooking their complaint of water pollution which has rendered a large part of the land, most importantly, the gauchar or grazing land, useless.

"In the absence of a wall or a barrier, the pollutant has freely mixed with the water bodies here and has slowly started polluting both our soil and water," complains 23- year-old Nikul Kantharia.

He says ever since the mining project took off in the region, he, like most other villagers has been forced to take his livestock farther away to graze. "Nothing grows on the grazing land anymore and the grass closer to the dumpsite makes our cattle ill," Kantharia claims.

The mining work should have been stopped long ago

Prajapati and Bharat Jambucha, a well-known environmental activist and proponent of organic farming from the region, both point to blatant violations of environmental laws in the execution of mining work, with at least 12 violations cited by local officials. "But nothing happened after that. Mining work has continued without any hassles," Jambucha says. Among some glaring violations include the absence of a boundary wall around the dumping site and proper disposal of mining effluents.

The mining work has also continued without a most basic requirement – effluent treatment plant and sewage treatment plant at the mining site, Prajapati points out. "The mining work should have been stopped long ago. And the company should have been levied a heavy fine. But no such thing happened," he adds.

In some villages, the groundwater level has depleted over the past few years and villagers attribute it to the mining project. Women from Surkha village travel several kilometers outside for potable water. "This is new. Until five years ago, we had some water in the village and did not have to lug water every day," says Shilaben Kantharia.

The mine has affected the landscape around the villages

Sukanya Shantha/The Wire

Resisting lignite mining

The lignite mining project has a long history of resistance. Agricultural land, along with grazing land were acquired from the cluster of 12 adjoining villages in the coastal Ghogha taluka between 1994 and 1997. The locals estimate that villagers here lost anything between 40-100% of their land to the project. "We were paid a standard Rs 40,000 per bigha," Narendra, a local photographer, says.

The money, Narendra says, felt decent in 1994 but for those who had been dependent on this land, the years to come proved very challenging. "Several villagers have now taken a small patch of land in the neighboring villages on lease and are cultivating cotton and groundnut there," Narendra says.

They were dependent on others' land for work.

Bharat Jambucha says things get further complicated for the communities which were historically landless. "Most families belonging to the Dalit or other marginalized populations in the region never owned any land. They were dependent on others' land for work. Once villagers lost their land to the project, the landless were pushed out of the village," he adds. His organization, Prakrutik Kheti Juth, has been at the forefront, fighting for the rights of the villages affected in the lignite mining project.

In 2017, when the mining project finally took off, villagers from across 12 villages protested. The demonstration was disrupted after police used force and beat many protesters. More than 350 of them were booked for rioting.

The villagers, however, did not give up. Protests and hunger strikes have continued from time to time. A few villagers even sent a letter to the President of India threatening that they would commit suicide if the government did not return their land.

"We let them have our land for over 20 years," says Gohil.

Keep up with the world. Break out of the bubble.
Sign up to our expressly international daily newsletter!
THE LATEST
FOCUS
TRENDING TOPICS
MOST READ