ISTANBUL â€" Pride Week traces its roots back 47 years to a New York bar called the Stonewall Inn. On June 28, 1969 in response to a sudden police raid, gays who no longer wanted to cope in silence with the social pressure, violence and discrimination trapped the police officers that assaulted them in the bar and broke out in revolt.
They stuck to their colors for four days, announcing their way of life.
This yearâ€™s global Pride Week is marked by the Orlando massacre, which left the whole world mourning and cast a shadow over the festivities. Meanwhile here in Istanbul the largest LGBT Pride march in the Muslim world has been banned by the city government, and violent threats have come in from ultranationalist groups such as Muslim Youth of Anatolia and Alperen Ocaklari.
The LGBT community is determined to take to the streets to commemorate their friends who lost their lives in Orlando and to say, once again, â€œDonâ€™t stay silent, shout it out loud, gays exist.â€
Cumhuriyet met with a small group of activists who are members of the Pride Week Committee near the Galata Tower in Istanbul. Our conversation was a mix of sorrow and laughter.
First to talk was Görkem Ulumeriç who graduated from Bogazici University this year with a degree in economics at the age of 24. â€œI remember my years as a student at high school, middle school, elementary school. I think the marginalization and harassment of your peers probably starts around the age of five. In Turkey, the family plays a central role, I mean, if you fall out with your family, you miss many important moments and opportunities. Let me tell you something good at this point; I came out to my family when I was 19. I didnâ€™t get any bad reactions. And we lived through the pain of the Orlando attack together, as a family. My family is from Istanbul, but they donâ€™t have university degrees. We buy Cumhuriyet everyday, so they will be reading this interview. I would like to thank them.â€
Emre Demir, a student at Mimar Sinan Universityâ€™s sociology department, has been in the Pride Week Committee since 2013. He first got involved in the LGBT movement in high school. He dismisses the government excuse that this year's celebrations should be called off out of respect for Ramadan, noting that the 2014 edition featured holy month events in Taksim Square. The Istanbul city government set up tables and served food to break the Ramadan fast. The Pride March also happened that day. Newspapers around the world applauded this as "a representation of mutual respect.â€
At the 2014 Pride Parade in Istanbul â€" Photo: Alexandra Zevallos-Ortiz
"In the election pamphlets that the AKP (party of now President Tayyip Recep Erdogan) distributed that year, they boasted about how Turkey is â€œthe only country where Pride March is allowed during Ramadan.â€ But the next year they attacked us. They want to create an atmosphere of chaos each year before we even start the march. They come earlier and wait for us. They shout one or two slogans and leave. Muslim Youth of Anatoliaâ€™s threat is no different than this. It is important to consider these threats, but our only reference wonâ€™t be the threats of three or five men who claim to be heterosexual. Pride Week is not just about the Pride March. There are events every day of the week. We have been working for this since January. Workshops, film showings, forums, picnics â€¦
One woman who lights up the atmosphere with her jokes and joyous laughter is named Åževval KÄ±lÄ±ç. She says that the LGBT fight was built slowly with a lot of delicate labor and is at a crucial stage right now. Underlining the ruptures and radical changes in the LGBT lives and in Turkeyâ€™s general politics, Åževval says, â€œWar continues to show its ugly face. The government is inflicting the aggression that this war requires on the entire society. We are also at an important stage from the LGBT perspective. There is a fight that has been evolving for years with the careful labor of millions. Åževval recalls how the LGBT movement was first humiliated, insulted, ignored, ridiculed, but now continues: â€œNow, as long as we survive the attacks safe and sound, it is not possible to demolish the common understanding that we are equal citizens. In my opinion these are the last throes, the last attacks. For years, we have been assaulted because of traditional family structures. We believe that LGBT individuals are bound to have equal democratic rights. Right now conservatism is a dominant trend all over the world. The Orlando attack is a despicable attack. I wish knowledge, understanding, culture, and art from the mother earth for everyone."
An employee at the Besiktas Municipal Corporation, Ejder Narsap talks about his process of coming out to his family. â€œThe first time I told my mom about my homosexuality, I gave her Dorit Zinnâ€™s book My Son Loves Men, but she still couldnâ€™t grasp the situation. Since she knew about Turkish trans celebrities like Bülent Ersoy and Zeki Müren, she kept asking me when I was getting a surgery. Afterwards I got a lot of support. The other day I went to work in my heels. It is time to tear some things down.â€
With loans and solar panels from China, the massive solar park has been opened a year and is already powering the surrounding areas. Now the Chinese supplier is pushing for an expansion.
CAUCHARI — Driving across the border with Chile into the northwest Argentine department of Susques, you may spot what looks like a black mass in the distance. Arriving at a 4,000-meter altitude in the municipality of Cauchari, what comes into view instead is an assembly of 960,000 solar panels. It is the world's highest photovoltaic (PV) park, which is also the second biggest solar energy facility in Latin America, after Mexico's Aguascalientes plant.
Spread over 800 hectares in an arid landscape, the Cauchari park has been operating for a year, and has so far turned sunshine into 315 megawatts of electricity, enough to power the local provincial capital of Jujuy through the national grid.
It has also generated some $50 million for the province, which Governor Gerardo Morales has allocated to building 239 schools.
Abundant sunshine, low temperatures
The physicist Martín Albornoz says Cauchari, which means "link to the sun," is exposed to the best solar radiation anywhere. The area has 260 days of sunshine, with no smog and relatively low temperatures, which helps keep the panels in optimal conditions.
Its construction began with a loan of more than $331 million from China's Eximbank, which allowed the purchase of panels made in Shanghai. They arrived in Buenos Aires in 2,500 containers and were later trucked a considerable distance to the site in Cauchari . This was a titanic project that required 1,200 builders and 10-ton cranes, but will save some 780,000 tons of CO2 emissions a year.
It is now run by 60 technicians. Its panels, with a 25-year guarantee, follow the sun's path and are cleaned twice a year. The plant is expected to have a service life of 40 years. Its choice of location was based on power lines traced in the 1990s to export power to Chile, now fed by the park.
Chinese engineers working in an office at the Cauchari park
Chinese want to expand
The plant belongs to the public-sector firm Jemse (Jujuy Energía y Minería), created in 2011 by the province's then governor Eduardo Fellner. Jemse's president, Felipe Albornoz, says that once Chinese credits are repaid in 20 years, Cauchari will earn the province $600 million.
The Argentine Energy ministry must now decide on the park's proposed expansion. The Chinese would pay in $200 million, which will help install 400,000 additional panels and generate enough power for the entire province of Jujuy.
The park's CEO, Guillermo Hoerth, observes that state policies are key to turning Jujuy into a green province. "We must change the production model. The world is rapidly cutting fossil fuel emissions. This is a great opportunity," Hoerth says.
The province's energy chief, Mario Pizarro, says in turn that Susques and three other provincial districts are already self-sufficient with clean energy, and three other districts would soon follow.
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