May 03, 2011
Florent Goncalves can let his hair grow long. In January, this clean-cut 41-year-old from Bordeaux gave back the keys to the Versailles women's prison, which he'd been heading since March 2007. Two months later, he also returned the keys to the 120-square-meter apartment he'd been provided by the prison. All for the love of a woman: Emma Arbabzadeh, a 22-year-old inmate who had already made headlines.
The affair would make more headlines. Goncalves was arrested on the job, accused of having brought a cell-phone chip inside the prison in order to communicate with Arbabzadeh. He confessed on Jan. 12. Charged with "unlawfully giving banned objects," he could face up to three years in jail. He is also suspected of favoring the young woman and her cellmates and was suspended without pay as of Jan. 1, while he awaits trial.
Despite his position as the head of the prison and that fact that he's nearly twice Arbabzadeh's age, French media was quick to present Goncalves as a victim. "Gang of Barbarian bait seduces prison director," read one newspaper headline. "Sex in a cage," screamed another.
"When I read this, I almost started to believe that Emma had tricked me," says Goncalves.
His family, colleagues and superiors think that's exactly what happened. A pretty brunette with generous breasts, Arbabzadeh is the cliché of the manipulative and becoming femme fatale.
In December 2010, she was sentenced to nine years in prison for her involvement in the 2006 torture and murder of Ilan Halimi, a 23-year-old Jewish cell-phone retailer. Just 17 at the time, Arbabzadeh collaborated with a group known as the "Gang of Barbarians," which was headed by a man named Youssouf Fofana. The group used the teenage girl as bait to lure Halimi, whom they tortured for 24 days and later left for dead near a set of train tracks. Fofana was sentenced to life in prison for Halimi's murder. Arbabzadeh claims she found out about what happened to Halimi only after the fact.
When Goncalves arrived in the Versailles prison after working for six years in a prison in Aurillac, Arbabzadeh was still being held at Fleury-Merogis, another Paris area prison. He had been with the same woman for 12 years, had a six-year-old with her and earned 3,500 euros per month. A former inmate remembers him as a "discreet, human and cultured" man.
Security in human relationships
Coming from a modest family, he entered the prison world at 21 as a simple guard and was very proud to have become "France's youngest prison director." The low-security Versailles, which houses approximately 150 men and women, allows for a certain leniency that fit Goncalves' idea of the job. "Security comes from the quality of human relationships," he says. "I have always paid attention to the living conditions of the people I had to look after. The enemy isn't always behind bars."
In the space of three years, Goncalves installed TVs, refrigerators, microwaves and showers in the cells – "for free and for everyone." In a 2008 report, an independent controller praised "the closeness of his management" as well as the "serene" atmosphere of the prison.
Arbabzadeh was transferred to Versailles in 2007 and started working for the "General Services', giving out meals and cleaning offices. In every prison, these "workers' are given more autonomy. In Versailles conditions were even better. Rules already in effect before Goncalves' arrival allow general service workers to live in two cells with extra free space, where they could interact and eat together. The prisoners also have access to the kitchen and the washing machines.
Goncalves decided to put Arbabzadeh in charge of the cafeteria. Between September and November 2009, he taught her how to use computer software needed for the job. "That's when our relationship evolved," he admits. Goncalves says he was "moved" by Arbabzadeh. It wasn't the first time in his career he had developed close feelings for an inmate, but this time he "crossed the line," though he swears it didn't affect other inmates. When, in December 2009, she asked him to transfer her to another facility because she was "in love" with him, he reciprocated the feeling.
Arbabzadeh hadn't met many kind men, certainly not in prison, where most of her guards were women. She told Goncalves everything about her life: her birth in Iran in 1988; her mentally ill older sister; how her mother finally escaped after being forced into a marriage with her violent father; how her uncle sexually assaulted her when she was only eight years old; her arrival in France in 1999 in a refugee camp; her rape in 2002 by three boys from her middle school in Seine-Saint-Denis that the police didn't investigate; her attempted suicide with pills; and how she dropped out of school before a judge for children sent her to a boarding school to protect her from herself.
In March 2006, right after being sent to jail, she had an abortion. She attempted suicide several times: twice in 2006, in February 2007 and again in mid-August 2010. "Our relationship helped her overcome her psychological struggles and I have helped her change her idea of men," says Goncalves.
Facebook under covers
Everyday, Goncalves tried to get a glance of Arbabzadeh. Every night for 10 months, she communicated with him, under the covers, on Facebook, thanks to a phone smuggled in by one of her cellmates. Through mailboxes rented in the city under fake names they made plans for the future. At times they also fought. Arbabzadeh signed her letters "your brat." They were intimate twice over a 10-month period, in a computer room. "Emma is a fragile and sweet child," says a former inmate. "We had to take care of her even if her mom came to visit twice a week."
But Arbabzadeh also seduced another man: Olivier Pinson, a 36-year-old guard. He became her confidant, chatting with her on Facebook via another smuggled SIM card. Jealous, Goncalves dared her to come clean. That's when things started to unravel.
In a letter dated April 20, 2010, the UFAP, a prison guard union that Pinson belongs to, alerted Michel Saint-Jean, the director of the Paris region penitentiary services, about Goncalves' "behavior," mentioning a long meeting with Arbabzadeh on Dec. 24, 2009. In his May 11 reply, Saint-Jean rejected the accusations, choosing to stand by Goncalves.
A few months later, two inmates wrote to the general prison comptroller complaining about Goncalves' favoritism toward Arbabzadeh and her cellmates. One of the inmates now says she was "manipulated by guards." After a thorough investigation in October 2010, the comptroller reported several mistakes made by Goncalves, setting in motion a criminal investigation. Pinson was also charged – for giving the second SIM card.
Today Goncalves swears there was no "system," and that his "secret" never interfered with his professionalism. For approximately 300 euros a month, Arbabzadeh fulfilled several duties (cafeteria, laundry, cleaning and serving meals) but she never had two jobs, Goncalves insists.
What about the extra visits? They were granted by the court to family members visiting from Iran. The birthday cake bought outside? Paid for by inmates – a common practice at the prison, according to a guard. The "15 to 20-kg" care-package for Ramadan? "Never weighed," he says.
The current investigation bans the lovers from communicating. Arbabzadeh has been charged with "handling stolen goods," and is still in jail, though she was transferred to Fresnes. According to a former inmate who was recently released, Arbabzadeh is "sincerely in love with Florent" and lives for their reunion. Goncalves, meanwhile, is waiting for her parole and living off his savings.
"Our relationship won't be easy," he admits. He loves art, especially 19th century paintings. She yawned the day he suggested she read a history of Persia.
Read the original article in French.
Photo - u2tryololo
This leading French daily newspaper Le Monde ("The World") was founded in December 1944 in the aftermath of World War II. Today, it is distributed in 120 countries. In late 2010, a trio formed by Pierre Berge, Xavier Niel and Matthieu Pigasse took a controlling 64.5% stake in the newspaper.
Keep up with the world. Break out of the bubble.
Sign up to our expressly international daily newsletter!
Revelations of a nationally funded clandestine operation within 10 municipalities in the Netherlands to keep tabs on mosques and Muslim organizations after a rise in radicalization eight years ago.
October 22, 2021
At least ten Dutch towns and cities have secretly used a private agency to probe mosques and other local religious organizations, Amsterdam-based daily het NRC reports in an exclusive investigation.
The clandestine operation — funded by NCTV, the National Security Services, the Netherlands' leading counter-terrorism agency — was prompted by the social unrest and uncertainty following multiple terror attacks in 2013, and a rise in Islamic radicalization.
The NCTV, which advises and financially supports municipalities in countering radicalization, put the municipalities in touch with Nuance by Training and Advice (Nuance door Trainingen en Advies, NTA), a private research agency based in Deventer, Netherlands. Among the institutions targeted by the investigations, which came at a cost of circa 500,000 euros, were the Al Mouahidin mosque in the central Dutch town of Ede, and the Nasser mosque east of the city of Utrecht, according to NRC.
Praying inside a Dutch mosque.
Broken trust in Islamic community
Unlike public officials, the private agency can enter the mosques to clandestinely research the situation. In this case, the agents observed activity, talk to visitors, administrators, and religious leaders, and investigated what they do and say on social media.
All findings then wound up in a secret report which includes personal details about what the administrators and teachers studied, who their relatives are, with whom they argued, and how often they had contact with authorities in foreign countries, like Morocco.
Leaders of the Muslim organizations that were secretly probed say they feel betrayed.
It is unclear whether the practice is legal, which is why several members of the Dutch Parliament are now demanding clarification from the outgoing Minister of Justice and Security, Ferd Grapperhaus, who is said to be involved.
"The ease with which the government violates (fundamental) rights when it comes to Islam or Muslims is shocking," Stephan van Baarle, member of the leftist party DENK, told De Volkskrant, another Dutch newspaper.
Leaders of the Muslim organizations that were secretly probed say they feel betrayed. Hassan Saidi, director of one of the mosques investigated, said that the relationship with the local municipality had been good. "This puts a huge dent in the trust I'd had in the municipality," he told the Dutch public broadcaster NOS.
From Your Site Articles
- Islam Became A 'Problem' In France When Muslims Became French ... ›
- Interlaken, The New Swiss Mecca For Rich Muslim Tourists ... ›
- Austria, A Laboratory For Hard-Line Policies On Islam - Worldcrunch ›
Related Articles Around the Web
Keep up with the world. Break out of the bubble.
Sign up to our expressly international daily newsletter!