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Switzerland

Adieu, Claude Nobs - The Eccentric Swiss Genius Who Jazzed Up Sleepy Montreux

Local memories and a final salute from French-speaking Switzerland to the founder of the Montreux Jazz Festival, who died on January 10.

"Funky Claude," as Deep Purple called him in their 1972 song "Smoke on the Water"
"Funky Claude," as Deep Purple called him in their 1972 song "Smoke on the Water"
Antoine Duplan

MONTREUX - There was a shop window in Montreux where you could watch “an incredible model train blowing steam.” Sixty years later, Claude Nobs’ eyes were still bright with excitement when he told the story of the amazing toy his parents couldn’t afford to buy him. But in the end, he got himself something much better than an electric train – he got himself a jazz festival, a fabulous machine blowing decibels and joy.

The Geneva Riviera and French-speaking Switzerland owe much to Claude Nobs. Without him, they would have remained provincial and uneventful. Fifty years ago, the most famous tourist event in Montreux was the Narcissus fair – a celebration of Narcissus flowers. Today, Miles Davis and B.B. King have their bronze busts on the quay and Freddie Mercury's statue looks out on the horizon. The visionary Claude Nobs opened his hometown to the world, gave it an economic push, and brought an exciting mythology to the site. He turned a sleepy lakeside city for retired Brits into a musical capital. And all the while, giving locals pure moments of amazement.

Nothing predestined this son of a baker to bring the blue notes to the blue skies of Switzerland, but his passion and unwavering resolve were able to move mountains. Right until he died last week at the age of 76, Claude Nobs stayed true to his motto – “Nothing is impossible.”

In spite of all the reasonable adults, accountants and the Montreux bourgeoisie who hated electric music with a passion, this visionary child fought relentlessly to carry out his cultural revolution. Deeply attached to his region, this citizen of the world managed to create the perfect mix between Delta blues and cheese fondue. He brought Black music into an unprecedented spotlight and put Switzerland on the map.

The Montreux Jazz Festival would not have had such an international aura without its generous director. He couldn’t bear to let a musician starve – his table was open to all and you could rub shoulders with the world’s greatest musicians.

Never mind his innate genius, would Claude Nobs have been able to live out his dream in today’s world? When he started, a handshake was enough to seal the deal. He became friends with Miles Davis by giving him his shirt – literally. This streak of eccentricity was inherent to the festival. The show will go on without its creator. But however successful it will continue to be, it has undeniably lost its soul with the passing of Funky Claude.

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Society

What's Spoiling The Kids: The Big Tech v. Bad Parenting Debate

Without an extended family network, modern parents have sought to raise happy kids in a "hostile" world. It's a tall order, when youngsters absorb the fears (and devices) around them like a sponge.

Image of a kid wearing a blue striped sweater, using an ipad.

Children exposed to technology at a very young age are prominent today.

Julián de Zubiría Samper

-Analysis-

BOGOTÁ — A 2021 report from the United States (the Youth Risk Behavior Survey) found that 42% of the country's high-school students persistently felt sad and 22% had thought about suicide. In other words, almost half of the country's young people are living in despair and a fifth of them have thought about killing themselves.

Such chilling figures are unprecedented in history. Many have suggested that this might be the result of the COVID-19 pandemic, but sadly, we can see depression has deeper causes, and the pandemic merely illustrated its complexity.

I have written before on possible links between severe depression and the time young people spend on social media. But this is just one aspect of the problem. Today, young people suffer frequent and intense emotional crises, and not just for all the hours spent staring at a screen. Another, possibly more important cause may lie in changes to the family composition and authority patterns at home.

Firstly: Families today have fewer members, who communicate less among themselves.

Young people marry at a later age, have fewer children and many opt for personal projects and pets instead of having children. Families are more diverse and flexible. In many countries, the number of children per woman is close to or less than one (Singapore, Taiwan, South Korea, Hong Kong among others).

In Colombia, women have on average 1.9 children, compared to 7.6 in 1970. Worldwide, women aged 15 to 49 years have on average 2.4 children, or half the average figure for 1970. The changes are much more pronounced in cities and among middle and upper-income groups.

Of further concern today is the decline in communication time at home, notably between parents and children. This is difficult to quantify, but reasons may include fewer household members, pervasive use of screens, mothers going to work, microwave ovens that have eliminated family cooking and meals and, thanks to new technologies, an increase in time spent on work, even at home. Our society is addicted to work and devotes little time to minors.

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