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"Patricio Aylwin, president of the peaceful transition to democracy, died," reads Wednesday's front page of the Chilean establishment newspaper El Mercurio. The former head of state (1990-1994) died Tuesday in his Santiago home surrounded by his family. He was 97.

Aylwin, a law professor and leader of the centrist Christian Democratic Party for over half a century, was the first civilian elected president after the bloody 17-year dictatorship of Gen. Augusto Pinochet (1973-1990). He received widespread praise for his guidance in helping Chile, now one of Latin America's most stable countries, transition back to democracy.

After Aylwin's death was announced by his family, current Chilean President Michelle Bachelet declared three days of national mourning.

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Future

Injecting Feminism Into Science Is A Good Thing — For Science

Feminists have generated a set of tools to make science less biased and more robust. Why don’t more scientists use it?

As objective as any man

Anto Magzan/ZUMA
Rachel E. Gross

-Essay-

In the early days of the COVID-19 pandemic, a mystery played out across news headlines: Men, it seemed, were dying of infection at twice the rate of women. To explain this alarming disparity, researchers looked to innate biological differences between the sexes — for instance, protective levels of sex hormones, or distinct male-female immune responses. Some even went so far as to test the possibility of treating infected men with estrogen injections.

This focus on biological sex differences turned out to be woefully inadequate, as a group of Harvard-affiliated researchers pointed out earlier this year. By analyzing more than a year of sex-disaggregated COVID-19 data, they showed that the gender gap was more fully explained by social factors like mask-wearing and distancing behaviors (less common among men) and testing rates (higher among pregnant women and health workers, who were largely female).

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Writing contest - My pandemic story
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