The quest for the final frontier is still very much on. But rather than the Cold War-era space race between the two governments of the United States and Soviet Union, the competition now has many players, both public and private.
The public sector these days includes China, which recently announced plans to send an unmanned probe to Mars within the next five years, Chinese state-run agency Xinhua reported. The pledge is a direct challenge to NASA, whose ETA for landing a rover mission on the Red Planet is set for July 2020. The U.S. space agency is also shooting for a manned mission to Mars by 2030, and has just completed a year-long simulation of such an experience in a remote site in Hawaii. The BBC quotes Cyprien Verseux, one of the six scientists who took part in the simulation: â€œI can give you my personal impression which is that a mission to Mars in the close future is realistic.â€
Meanwhile, Moscow is still in the race. This Kommersant article reports that the Russian space agency Roscosmos plans â€" among other things â€" a satellite mission in 2019 to determine the effects of prolonged space travel and zero gravity on a living organism.
But beyond the national agencies, the race for the stars now includes individual entrepreneurs like Elon Musk and Jeff Bezos. The Economist magazine reports this week on the growing private business competition in space, including everything from the GPS satellite technology that helps you find a restaurant to unknown galaxies that could reveal the meaning of life. Buckle up, this is a ride for the ages.
WHAT TO LOOK FOR TODAY
- Suspended Brazilian President Dilma Rousseff addresses Senate in her impeachment trial. Hereâ€™s the front page from O Globo.
- U.S. Open begins.
- More than 3,300 people across the U.S. take aeronautical exam, as FAA rules on commercial use of drones go into effect.
COLOMBIA CEASEFIRE BEGINS
One of Colombiaâ€™s â€œmost painful chaptersâ€ comes to an end today as a ceasefire between the government and the leftist rebel group FARC goes into effect, effectively ending a 52-year-old war. â€œA new story starts for Colombia,â€ President Juan Manuel Santos said in a tweet. The historic peace deal agreed last week will be officially signed next month before being put to a vote on Oct. 2.
TURKISH ARMY MOVES FURTHER INTO SYRIA
Turkish troops and rebel groups allied to it have thrust deeper into Syria over the weekend, seizing territories controlled by Kurdish forces, Reuters reports. At least 35 villagers were killed in the five days since Turkish forces crossed the border, according to the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights. Turkey denies the report.
â€" ON THIS DAY
Hurricane Katrina â€" 11 years ago. That, and more, in your 57-second shot of History.
â€œIn my opinion the negotiations on TTIP with the United States have de facto failed, even though nobody is really admitting it,â€ Germany's Vice Chancellor and Minister for Economic Affairs Sigmar Gabriel said yesterday during an interview with national broadcaster ZDF.
BOMB EXPLODES IN EMPTY BRUSSELS POLICE BUILDING
A bomb ripped through a criminology institute in Brussels in the middle of the night, causing extensive damage but no victims, Le Soir reports. The police are investigating the explosion as a criminal act but have ruled out links to terrorism five months after deadly attacks on the Brussels airport and a metro station.
There is no law in China expressly forbidding the public from filming law enforcement. And yet, police officers stubbornly resist the idea of being filmed. But now the countryâ€™s Ministry of Public Security is saying things must change, as Zhou Dongxu writes for Chinese daily Caixin: â€œAllowing the public to film police actions makes law enforcement more accountable, and poses a direct challenge to their propaganda machine. But it can also present police in a good light provided they carry out their functions in accordance with the law. It serves as a powerful incentive, therefore, for law enforcement to perform professionally and appropriately. In today's information age, the roles and definitions of media are constantly evolving. Police must adapt to the new situation.â€
Read the full article, China To Its Citizens: Go Ahead And Film The Cops.
Figures from Germany's federal police show that 8,991 unaccompanied refugee children and young people had been reported missing by July 1, a figure that almost doubled since January.
â€" MY GRAND-PEREâ€™S WORLD
Floating Business â€" Lake Titicaca, April 1996
BEYONCÉ SHINES AT MTV AWARDS
The American singerâ€™s Formation wins top video award. See all the coverage from MTV.
MORE STORIES, EXCLUSIVELY IN ENGLISH BY WORLDCRUNCH
- Is Argentina In An Era Of "Post-Homosexuality"? â€" Clarin
- Couchsurfing In Palestine, Part 3: Death At The Door â€" Rue Amelot (essay)
- Is It Legal For Vigilantes To Hunt For Suspects On Facebook? â€" Süddeutsche Zeitung
â€œGOOD DOGâ€ IS ENOUGH (NO BONE NEEDED)
Does he really love you, or just the treat you give him? Worry not, a new Emory University study finds that dogsâ€™ reputation as â€œmanâ€™s best friendâ€ is well deserved. Human praise (and maybe a pat on the head or scratch on the belly) is enough to please your average canine. Read more from UPI.
Will flying be greener? More comfortable? Less frequent? As the world eyes a post-COVID reality, we look at ways the airline industry has been changing through a pandemic that has devastated air travel.
It's hard to overstate the damage the pandemic has had on the airline industry, with global revenues dropping by 40% in 2020 and dozens of airlines around the world filing for bankruptcy. One moment last year when the gravity became particularly apparent was when Asian carriers (in countries with low COVID-19 rates) began offering "flights to nowhere" — starting and ending at the same airport as a way to earn some cash from would-be travelers who missed the in-flight experience.
More than a year later today, experts believe that air traffic won't return to normal levels until 2024.
But beyond the financial woes, the unprecedented slowdown in air travel may bring some silver linings as key aspects of the industry are bound to change once back in full spin, with some longer-term effects on aviation already emerging. Here are some major transformations to expect in the coming years:
Cleaner aviation fuel
The U.S. administration of President Joe Biden and the airline industry recently agreed to the ambitious goal of replacing all jet fuel with sustainable alternatives by 2050. Already in a decade, the U.S. aims to produce three billion gallons of sustainable fuel — about one-tenth of current total use — from waste, plants and other organic matter.
While greening the world's road transport has long been at the top of the climate agenda, aviation is not even included under the Paris Agreement. But with air travel responsible for roughly 12% of all CO2 emissions from transport, and stricter international regulation on the horizon, the industry is increasingly seeking sustainable alternatives to petroleum-based fuel.
Fees imposed on the airline industry should be funneled into a climate fund.
In Germany, state broadcaster Deutsche Welle reports that the world's first factory producing CO2-neutral kerosene recently started operations in the town of Wertle, in Lower Saxony. The plant, for which Lufthansa is set to become the pilot customer, will produce CO2-neutral kerosene through a circular production cycle incorporating sustainable and green energy sources and raw materials. Energy is supplied through wind turbines from the surrounding area, while the fuel's main ingredients are water and waste-generated CO2 coming from a nearby biogas plant.
Farther north, Norwegian Air Shuttle has recently submitted a recommendation to the government that fees imposed on the airline industry should be funneled into a climate fund aimed at developing cleaner aviation fuel, according to Norwegian news site E24. The airline also suggested that the government significantly reduce the tax burden on the industry over a longer period to allow airlines to recover from the pandemic.
High-flying ambitions for the sector
Hydrogen and electrification
Some airline manufacturers are betting on hydrogen, with research suggesting that the abundant resource has the potential to match the flight distances and payload of a current fossil-fuel aircraft. If derived from renewable resources like sun and wind power, hydrogen — with an energy-density almost three times that of gasoline or diesel — could work as a fully sustainable aviation fuel that emits only water.
One example comes out of California, where fuel-cell specialist HyPoint has entered a partnership with Pennsylvania-based Piasecki Aircraft Corporation to manufacture 650-kilowatt hydrogen fuel cell systems for aircrafts. According to HyPoint, the system — scheduled for commercial availability product by 2025 — will have four times the energy density of existing lithium-ion batteries and double the specific power of existing hydrogen fuel-cell systems.
Meanwhile, Rolls-Royce is looking to smash the speed record of electrical flights with a newly designed 23-foot-long model. Christened the Spirit of Innovation, the small plane took off for the first time earlier this month and successfully managed a 15-minute long test flight. However, the company has announced plans to fly the machine faster than 300 mph (480 km/h) before the year is out, and also to sell similar propulsion systems to companies developing electrical air taxis or small commuter planes.
New aircraft designs
Airlines are also upgrading aircraft design to become more eco-friendly. Air France just received its first upgrade of a single-aisle, medium-haul aircraft in 33 years. Fleet director Nicolas Bertrand told French daily Les Echos that the new A220 — that will replace the old A320 model — will reduce operating costs by 10%, fuel consumption and CO2 emissions by 20% and noise footprint by 34%.
International first class will be very nearly a thing of the past.
The pandemic has also ushered in a new era of consumer demand where privacy and personal space is put above luxury. The retirement of older aircraft caused by COVID-19 means that international first class — already in steady decline over the last decades — will be very nearly a thing of the past. Instead, airplane manufacturers around the world (including Delta, China Eastern, JetBlue, British Airways and Shanghai Airlines) are betting on a new generation of super-business minisuites where passengers have a privacy door. The idea, which was introduced by Qatar Airways in 2017, is to offer more personal space than in regular business class but without the lavishness of first class.
Aerial view of Rome's Fiumicino airportcommons.wikimedia.org
Rome's Fiumicino Airport has become the first in the world to earn "the COVID-19 5-Star Airport Rating" from Skytrax, an international airline and airport review and ranking site, Italian daily La Repubblica reports. Skytrax, which publishes a yearly annual ranking of the world's best airports and issues the World Airport Awards, this year created a second list to specifically call out airports with the best health and hygiene standards.
The pandemic has also accelerated the shift towards contactless traveling, with more airports harnessing the power of biometrics — such as facial recognition or fever screening — to reduce touchpoints and human contact. Similar technology can also be used to more efficiently scan physical objects, such as explosive detection. Ultimately, passengers will be able to "check-in" and go through a security screening anywhere at the airports, removing queues and bottlenecks.
Data privacy issues
However, as pointed out in Canadian publication The Lawyer's Daily, increased use of AI and biometrics also means increased privacy concerns. For example, health and hygiene measures like digital vaccine passports also mean that airports can collect data on who has been vaccinated and the type of vaccine used.
Auckland Airport, New Zealand
The billion-dollar question: Will we fly less?
At the end of the day, even with all these (mostly positive) changes that we've seen take shape over the past 18 months, the industry faces major uncertainty about whether air travel will ever return to the pre-COVID levels. Not only are people wary about being in crowded and closed airplanes, but the worth of long-distance business travel in particular is being questioned as many have seen that meetings can function remotely, via Zoom and other online apps.
Trying to forecast the future, experts point to the years following the 9/11 terrorist attacks as at least a partial blueprint for what a recovery might look like in the years ahead. Twenty years ago, as passenger enthusiasm for flying waned amid security fears following the attacks, airlines were forced to cancel flights and put planes into storage.
40% of Swedes intend to travel less
According to McKinsey, leisure trips and visits to family and friends rebounded faster than business flights, which took four years to return to pre-crisis levels in the UK. This time too, business travel is expected to lag, with the consulting firm estimating only 80% recovery of pre-pandemic levels by 2024.
But the COVID-19 crisis also came at a time when passengers were already rethinking their travel habits due to climate concerns, while worldwide lockdowns have ushered in a new era of remote working. In Sweden, a survey by the country's largest research company shows that 40% of the population intend to travel less even after the pandemic ends. Similarly in the UK, nearly 60% of adults said during the spring they intended to fly less after being vaccinated against COVID-19 — with climate change cited as a top reason for people wanting to reduce their number of flights, according to research by the University of Bristol.
At the same time, major companies are increasingly forced to face the music of the environmental movement, with several corporations rolling out climate targets over the last few years. Today, five of the 10 biggest buyers of corporate air travel in the US are technology companies: Amazon, IBM, Google, Apple and Microsoft, according to Taipei Times, all of which have set individual targets for environmental stewardship. As such, the era of flying across the Atlantic for a two-hour executive meeting is likely in its dying days.
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