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UN Calls To Prosecute CIA, Palestinian Minister Killed, Happy Bear-thday

Happy bear-thday Nela and Nobby!
Happy bear-thday Nela and Nobby!

Wednesday, December 10, 2014

The United Nations Human Rights Council has called for the prosecution of U.S. officials “responsible for the criminal conspiracy” unveiled in the summary of a Senate report into the CIA’s post-9/11 interrogation methods, The New York Times reports. Praising the Obama administration for their courage in resisting calls not to publish the document, an official at the UN agency said under international law, the U.S. has to bring those responsible to justice. “The fact that the policies revealed in this report were authorized at a high level within the U.S. government provides no excuse whatsoever,” he said. Other institutions and organizations, including Human Rights Watch have made similar calls.

Yesterday’s summary details “levels of brutality, dishonesty and seemingly arbitrary violence that at times brought even agency employees to moments of anguish,” The Washington Post writes. The well-documented waterboarding methods were only one step in torture methods that deteriorated into “a series of near drownings” and went as far as submitting some detainees to “rectal rehydration and feeding” and other similarly painful acts. According to The New York Post, the “enhanced techniques” used by the CIA were developed by two “inexperienced” psychologists who were eventually paid $81 million for their work.

The Senate report also rejects previous claims that these interrogations had led to the killing of Osama Bin Laden in 2011. British newspaper The Independent goes further and notes that one of the report’s conclusions is that this provided no information that stopped plots against the U.S. or its allies. The Daily Telegraph explains how the intelligence agency “exaggerated the importance of information obtained to justify its actions” and lied even to the White House.

President Barack Obama said in a statement that the methods described in the report were “inconsistent with our values as nation,” and “did significant damage to America’s standing … No nation is perfect. But one of the strengths that makes America exceptional is our willingness to openly confront our past, face our imperfections, make changes and do better.”

In its editorial, The Guardian took a similar view, saying the report was “in one sense, a tribute to the U.S.” and “a huge contrast to the cosy inadequacy of UK policy, practice and accountability.”

The Palestinian Minister for Settlements Ziad Abu Ein died on his way to hospital after an altercation with the Israel Defense Forces during an olive tree planting protest. According to witnesses, he was hit and shoved by Israeli soldiers, Haaretz reports, though the exact circumstances remain unclear. The President of the Palestinian Authority, Mahmoud Abbas, condemned what he described as a “barbaric act.”


Sierra Leone has become the country with the most reported cases of Ebola, overtaking Liberia with 7,780 cases, according to the latest data from the World Health Organization. A total of 17,800 people have been infected with the deadly virus and at least 6,187 patients have died. The head of the global health organization, Margaret Chan, told the BBC that despite “good progress,” the disease was still “running ahead” of efforts to contain it.

In a country estimated to spend billions on faith healers and fortune tellers, many Russians opt for alternative medicine over certified doctors, write Kirill Zhurenkov and Mariya Portnyagina for Kommersant: “Most of these alternative medical providers operate in the shadow economy. There are five officially registered "healers" with the Ministry of Health across the entire Perm Krai region, but just in Perm, the region’s largest city, there are at least 35 different healers advertising their services.
In many ways, the rise in non-conventional medicine is paradoxical: Just as these alternatives have become more popular, demand for homeopath practitioners, who usually have an official medical education, has actually dropped.”
Read the full article, Russia's Murky World Of Alternative Medicine.

The pressure is piling up on the new President of the European Commission and Luxembourg’s former Prime Minister Jean-Claude Juncker as revelations of his and his country’s role in industrial-scale tax avoidance continue. According to The Guardian, the latest documents show that a scheme adopted by Microsoft-owned Skype allowed it to pay no corporate tax over a five-year period. Koch Industries, which is believed to be America’s second-largest private business empire, also has more complex but similar structures to keep its tax bill to a minimum. French newspaperLe Monde reports that the Walt Disney Company also diverts the profits it makes in Europe so as to avoid paying tax in the countries where it does business and in the United States, costing the Treasury “billions of dollars every year.” Both reports point out the important role of accounting firms in establishing such schemes, namely PricewaterhouseCoopers, Ernst & Young, Deloitte and KPMG.

At least 4,272 migrants trying to flee from poverty and war have died crossing seas in 2014, a new United Nations report reveals.

South African judge Thokozile Masipa has granted the state prosecutors’ application to appeal Oscar Pistorius’ acquittal on murder charges but refused their request to appeal on the five-year sentence given for the charge of culpable homicide, news agency SAPA reports. The case will now go before South Africa's Supreme Court of Appeal. According to the BBC’s correspondent in Pretoria, if Pistorius is found guilty of murder by the panel of five judges, he could still face a minimum sentence of 15 years in jail.

Polar bear twins Nela and Nobby celebrated their first bear-thday Tuesday in Munich's Hellabrunn Zoo.

The government of Peru announced its intention to press criminal charges against Greenpeace over allegations that activists damaged the UNESCO world heritage site of the Nazca lines during a publicity stunt on Monday, AP reports. “It’s a true slap in the face at everything Peruvians consider sacred,” deputy culture minister Luis Jaime Castillo said.

Call it British politeness. It took a London court a full hour before realizing that a woman who was testifying was in fact not speaking English but Krio, a distinctive Creole from Sierra Leone.

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The Unsustainable Future Of Fish Farming — On Vivid Display In Turkish Waters

Currently, 60% of Turkey's fish currently comes from cultivation, also known as fish farming, compared to just 10% two decades ago. The short-sightedness of this shift risks eliminating fishing output from both the farms and the open seas along Turkey's 5,200 miles of coastline.

Photograph of two fishermen throwing a net into the Tigris river in Turkey.

Traditional fishermen on the Tigris river, Turkey.

Dûrzan Cîrano/Wikimeidia
İrfan Donat

ISTANBUL — Turkey's annual fish production includes 515,000 tons from cultivation and 335,000 tons came from fishing in open waters. In other words, 60% of Turkey's fish currently comes from cultivation, also known as fish farming.

It's a radical shift from just 20 years ago when some 600,000 tons, or 90% of the total output, came from fishing. Now, researchers are warning the current system dominated by fish farming is ultimately unsustainable in the country with 8,333 kilometers (5,177 miles) long.

Professor Mustafa Sarı from the Maritime Studies Faculty of Bandırma 17 Eylül University believes urgent action is needed: “Why were we getting 600,000 tons of fish from the seas in the 2000’s and only 300,000 now? Where did the other 300,000 tons of fish go?”

Professor Sarı is challenging the argument from certain sectors of the industry that cultivation is the more sustainable approach. “Now we are feeding the fish that we cultivate at the farms with the fish that we catch from nature," he explained. "The fish types that we cultivate at the farms are sea bass, sea bram, trout and salmon, which are fed with artificial feed produced at fish-feed factories. All of these fish-feeds must have a significant amount of fish flour and fish oil in them.”

That fish flour and fish oil inevitably must come from the sea. "We have to get them from natural sources. We need to catch 5.7 kilogram of fish from the seas in order to cultivate a sea bream of 1 kg," Sarı said. "Therefore, we are feeding the fish to the fish. We cannot cultivate fish at the farms if the fish in nature becomes extinct. The natural fish need to be protected. The consequences would be severe if the current policy is continued.”

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