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Geopolitics

Turkish Troops Move Towards Syrian Border, Bombs At Damascus Justice Ministry

Worldcrunch

BBC NEWS (UK), HÜRRIYET (Turkey), AL JAZEERA (Qatar)

Turkey is deploying troops along its border with Syria, one week after Syria shot down a Turkish jet over the Mediterranean.

Turkey's TRT state television showed footage of columns of military vehicles moving from bases in Iskenderun and Diyarbakir to the border, close to the area where the jet came down, according to BBC News.

The convoy includes rocket launchers on transporters, anti-aircraft artillery and military ambulances, leading Turkish newspaper Hürriyet reports.

Pressure is mounting on Bashar Al-Assad's regime, as Turkey warns Syria to keep its helicopters or warplanes away from the countries' troubled border or risk an armed response.

Meanwhile, Syrian state TV is reporting an explosion in central Damascus near the Palace of Justice, Al Jazeera reports, though the nature of the blast is yet to be determined.

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Society

Kleptomania, How A "Women's Pathology" Was Built On Gender And Class Bias

Between 1880 and 1930, there was a significant rise in thefts in department stores, mostly committed by women from the middle and upper classes. This situation brought with it the establishment of a new pathology: kleptomania. A century later, feminist historians have given new meaning to the practice as a protest against the social structures and oppressions of capitalism and patriarchy.

Photo of a hand in a pocket

A hand in a pocket

Julia Amigo

Kleptomania is defined as the malicious and curious propensity for theft. The legal language tends to specify that the stolen objects are not items of necessity; medically, it is explained as an uncontrollable impulse.

What seems clear is that kleptomania is a highly enigmatic condition and one of the few mental disorders that comes from the pathologization of a crime, which makes it possible to use it as a legal defense. It differs from the sporadic theft of clothing, accessories, or makeup (shoplifting) as the kleptomaniac's impulse is irresistible.

Studies have shown that less than one percent of the population suffers from kleptomania, being much more common among women (although determining exact numbers is very difficult).

The psychiatric disorders manual, DSM (Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders) has included kleptomania since 1962. Previously, it had already received attention from, among others, Sigmund Freud. Like nymphomania or hysteria, kleptomania became an almost exclusively female diagnosis linked to the biology of women's bodies and an “inability” to resist uncontrollable desire.

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