Press Freedom Case In Turkey Gets No Clarity From Computer Experts



ISTANBUL -There was hope that Turkey’s top technology experts could provide some clarity in the ongoing OdaTV case that’s roiled the country’s media and government elite for the past 18 months.

But the long-awaited computer files report by the Scientific and Technological Research Council of Turkey, TUBITAK, has only fed more doubts in the case opened against a group of journalists accused of being members of an outlawed organization dubbed Ergenekon, which the government suspects of plotting a coup.

Ahmet Sik, Nedim Sener, Baris Terkoglu and other journalists linked to OdaTV, an online news site known for its consistently harsh criticism of government policies, are accused of being part of the alleged plot against the government of Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdogan. Activists have cited the case as a serious threat to press freedom in Turkey.

Digital files said to prove an alleged Ergenekon conspiracy are the basis of the case against the journalists. But the TUBITAK findings offered no conclusive evidence either way: “Viruses were detected in the examined computers. However, we did not detect if the documents were transferred with viruses or not,” read the report, according to the Istanbul-based daily Radikal on Tuesday.

Computer experts had refuted the validity of the original digital documents, saying that the journalists computers were targeted by outside sources and went unnoticed because of malware (hostile software), according to the Hürriyet daily.

In June, after 16 months behind bars, Muyesser Yildiz became the latest journalist to be released pending trial in the OdaTV case. But others remain jailed in this case, along with dozens of other journalists across Turkey.

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In Argentina, A Visit To World's Highest Solar Energy Park

With loans and solar panels from China, the massive solar park has been opened a year and is already powering the surrounding areas. Now the Chinese supplier is pushing for an expansion.

960,000 solar panels have been installed at the Cauchari park

Silvia Naishtat

CAUCHARI — Driving across the border with Chile into the northwest Argentine department of Susques, you may spot what looks like a black mass in the distance. Arriving at a 4,000-meter altitude in the municipality of Cauchari, what comes into view instead is an assembly of 960,000 solar panels. It is the world's highest photovoltaic (PV) park, which is also the second biggest solar energy facility in Latin America, after Mexico's Aguascalientes plant.

Spread over 800 hectares in an arid landscape, the Cauchari park has been operating for a year, and has so far turned sunshine into 315 megawatts of electricity, enough to power the local provincial capital of Jujuy through the national grid.

It has also generated some $50 million for the province, which Governor Gerardo Morales has allocated to building 239 schools.

Abundant sunshine, low temperatures

The physicist Martín Albornoz says Cauchari, which means "link to the sun," is exposed to the best solar radiation anywhere. The area has 260 days of sunshine, with no smog and relatively low temperatures, which helps keep the panels in optimal conditions.

Its construction began with a loan of more than $331 million from China's Eximbank, which allowed the purchase of panels made in Shanghai. They arrived in Buenos Aires in 2,500 containers and were later trucked a considerable distance to the site in Cauchari . This was a titanic project that required 1,200 builders and 10-ton cranes, but will save some 780,000 tons of CO2 emissions a year.

It is now run by 60 technicians. Its panels, with a 25-year guarantee, follow the sun's path and are cleaned twice a year. The plant is expected to have a service life of 40 years. Its choice of location was based on power lines traced in the 1990s to export power to Chile, now fed by the park.

Chinese engineers working in an office at the Cauchari park


Chinese want to expand

The plant belongs to the public-sector firm Jemse (Jujuy Energía y Minería), created in 2011 by the province's then governor Eduardo Fellner. Jemse's president, Felipe Albornoz, says that once Chinese credits are repaid in 20 years, Cauchari will earn the province $600 million.

The Argentine Energy ministry must now decide on the park's proposed expansion. The Chinese would pay in $200 million, which will help install 400,000 additional panels and generate enough power for the entire province of Jujuy.

The park's CEO, Guillermo Hoerth, observes that state policies are key to turning Jujuy into a green province. "We must change the production model. The world is rapidly cutting fossil fuel emissions. This is a great opportunity," Hoerth says.

The province's energy chief, Mario Pizarro, says in turn that Susques and three other provincial districts are already self-sufficient with clean energy, and three other districts would soon follow.

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