Geopolitics

Police Raid Sarkozy's Home And Offices In Campaign Finance Probe

Worldcrunch

LE MONDE (France)

PARIS - Former French President Nicolas Sarkozy's home and office were raided by police investigators on Tuesday, according to Le Monde. His lawyer's offices were also raided.

The raids are part of an ongoing investigation into the alleged illegal financing of Sarkozy's 2007 presidential campaign by billionaire Liliane Bettencourt, the French heiress and main shareholder of cosmetics giant L'Oreal. Magistrates are probing whether Patrick de Maistre, who managed Bettencourt's fortune, asked her to hand cash over to Sarkozy in order to finance his 2007 run for office.

Nicolas Sarkozy's presidential legal immunity expired on June 16, a little over a month after he was defeated by Socialist François Hollande in the French presidential elections.

The former French president left for Canada on a family trip Monday and was not present during the raids, according to his lawyer, Thierry Herzog, who called the police actions: "useless acts."

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Society

Iran To Offer Master's And PhD In Morality Enforcement

For those aiming to serve the Islamic Republic of Iran as experts to train the public morality agents, there are now courses to obtain the "proper" training.

Properly dressed in the holy city of Qom.

Iran will create new "master's and doctorate" programs to train state morality agents checking on people's public conduct and attire, according to several Persian-language news sources.

Mehran Samadi, a senior official of the Headquarters to Enjoin Virtues and Proscribe Vices (Amr-e be ma'ruf va nahy az monkar) said "anyone who wants to enjoin virtues must have the knowledge," the London-based broadcaster Iran International reported, citing reports from Iran.


The morality patrols, in force since the 1979 revolution, tend to focus mostly on young people and women, particularly the public appearance for the latter. Loose headscarves will send women straight to a police station, often in humiliating conditions. Five years ago, the regime announced a new force of some 7,000 additional agents checking on women's hijabs and other standards of dress and behavior.

A woman in Tehran walks past a mural of an Iranian flag

The traffic police chief recently said women were not allowed to ride motorbikes

Rouzbeh Fouladi/ZUMA

New academic discipline

Last week, for example, Tehran police revealed that they had "disciplined" agents who had been filmed forcefully shoving a girl into a van. Such incidents may increase under the new, conservative president, Ibrahim Raisi.

Speaking about the new academic discipline, Samadi said morals go "much further than headscarves and modesty," and those earning graduate degrees would teach agents "what the priorities are."

Iran's Islamic regime, under the guidance of Shia jurists, continuously fine tunes notions of "proper" conduct — and calibrates its own, interventionist authority. More recently the traffic police chief said women were not allowed to ride motorbikes, and "would be stopped," Prague-based Radio Farda reported.

Days before, a cleric in the holy city of Qom in central Iran insisted that people must be vaccinated by a medic of the same sex "as often as possible," and if not, there should be no pictures of mixed-sex vaccinations.

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