Tuesday, June 3, 2014
HEAVY FIGHTING IN SLOVIANSK
At least one Ukrainian soldier was killed and 13 more were injured in the eastern city of Sloviansk overnight in what the country’s interim Interior Minister described as an “active offensive phase of the anti-terror operation,” The Guardian reports. There were also victims among the insurgency. This comes after another day of deadly fighting in the region, especially in the border town of Luhansk, where a representative of the self-declared Luhansk People’s Republic said eight people had died in an airstrike and another five in fights with Ukrainian armed forces.
U.S. President Barack Obama has arrived in Poland, where he will meet top officials for security talks believed to be focused on Ukraine. According to Interfax, Ukrainian President Petro Poroshenko will travel to Warsaw to meet with his American and Polish counterparts. Meanwhile, NATO defense ministers are gathered in Brussels for two days of meetings focused on “how to react long-term to Russia's new military capabilities and its willingness to use them,” according to AP.
“We’ll never have good news about Michael Schumacher,” former Formula One doctor Gary Hartstein writes on his blog, expressing little hope that the German racing champion will recover from the ski fall five months ago in Grenoble, France, during which he suffered grave head injuries.
SYRIAN PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION
Syrians are voting today in the country’s presidential election, which the West has denounced as a sham, more than three years after the beginning of a civil war that has killed more than 160,000 people and displaced millions. President Bashar al-Assad is widely expected to win a third seven-year term. BBC correspondent Paul Wood explains that voting will only take place in government-controlled areas, as rebels and their supporters “would regard casting a vote while the regime's bombs are falling as an act of treason.” Syria’s Prime Minister Wael al-Halqi said today was a “historic day” and would pave the way for a new stage of recovery and reconstruction, state-backed news agency Sana reported.
Hundreds of people participated in the eighth annual Tomatina in Sutamarchan, north of Bogota. This Colombian event, which celebrates the tomato harvest, is inspired by the well-known festival in Bunol, Spain.
JAPAN BEGINS FUKUSHIMA ICE WALL
The operator of Japan’s Fukushima nuclear plant TEPCO has begun constructing a 1.5-kilometer underground ice wall around the site hit by a devastating tsunami in 2011, The Japan Times reports. The aim of the government-funded project is to limit the risk of leaks by inserting 1,550 pipes into the ground, preventing groundwater from seeping into the plant’s reactors and mixing with contaminated water inside. But according to the BBC, some experts have expressed doubts about the project’s success.
MY GRAND-PÈRE'S WORLD
CHINA TO CAP CARBON EMISSIONS
China, the world’s biggest emitter of greenhouse gases, has for the first time pledged to limit its total carbon emissions, following in the footsteps of the United States after American officials announced a similar move yesterday. Beijing will start introducing its absolute cap in 2016. Read more from Reuters.
As Die Welt reports, the popular German docu-series entitled Make Love is making a reprisal on German TV this fall, and will in its second installment explore sexual issues among seniors. “The cross-media format asserts that ‘making love is something you can learn,’ and it deals with subjects like ‘good arguments, bad arguments’ and ‘advertising to find personal happiness,’” the newspaper writes.
Read the full article, German TV Explores Sex Among Seniors.
POSSIBLE LEADS IN MH370 SEARCH
Australian scientists are set to release data about a strange recorded noise that they believe could be the ocean impact of missing flight MH370, The New York Times reports. According to one of the researchers, there’s a 25% to 30% chance that the “dull oomph” sound is related to the aircraft, although its location is outside the zone where the plane was believed to have run out of fuel. A British woman who was sailing across the Indian Ocean when the flight went missing March 8 has provided another potential lead. She claims to have seen a burning plane near Thailand. Read more from the Phuket Gazette.
The Catholic church in Portugal is faced with a difficult challenge, with as many as 400 priests applying for dispensation so they can marry.
AS IF HURRICANES AREN’T DISTURBING ENOUGH
A new scientific study shows that more people die in female-named hurricanes because people don’t take them as seriously as those given male names. “Our model suggests that changing a severe hurricane’s name from Charley to Eloise could nearly triple its death toll,” the study says. Read more from The Washington Post.
Will flying be greener? More comfortable? Less frequent? As the world eyes a post-COVID reality, we look at ways the airline industry has been changing through a pandemic that has devastated air travel.
It's hard to overstate the damage the pandemic has had on the airline industry, with global revenues dropping by 40% in 2020 and dozens of airlines around the world filing for bankruptcy. One moment last year when the gravity became particularly apparent was when Asian carriers (in countries with low COVID-19 rates) began offering "flights to nowhere" — starting and ending at the same airport as a way to earn some cash from would-be travelers who missed the in-flight experience.
More than a year later today, experts believe that air traffic won't return to normal levels until 2024.
But beyond the financial woes, the unprecedented slowdown in air travel may bring some silver linings as key aspects of the industry are bound to change once back in full spin, with some longer-term effects on aviation already emerging. Here are some major transformations to expect in the coming years:
Cleaner aviation fuel
The U.S. administration of President Joe Biden and the airline industry recently agreed to the ambitious goal of replacing all jet fuel with sustainable alternatives by 2050. Already in a decade, the U.S. aims to produce three billion gallons of sustainable fuel — about one-tenth of current total use — from waste, plants and other organic matter.
While greening the world's road transport has long been at the top of the climate agenda, aviation is not even included under the Paris Agreement. But with air travel responsible for roughly 12% of all CO2 emissions from transport, and stricter international regulation on the horizon, the industry is increasingly seeking sustainable alternatives to petroleum-based fuel.
Fees imposed on the airline industry should be funneled into a climate fund.
In Germany, state broadcaster Deutsche Welle reports that the world's first factory producing CO2-neutral kerosene recently started operations in the town of Wertle, in Lower Saxony. The plant, for which Lufthansa is set to become the pilot customer, will produce CO2-neutral kerosene through a circular production cycle incorporating sustainable and green energy sources and raw materials. Energy is supplied through wind turbines from the surrounding area, while the fuel's main ingredients are water and waste-generated CO2 coming from a nearby biogas plant.
Farther north, Norwegian Air Shuttle has recently submitted a recommendation to the government that fees imposed on the airline industry should be funneled into a climate fund aimed at developing cleaner aviation fuel, according to Norwegian news site E24. The airline also suggested that the government significantly reduce the tax burden on the industry over a longer period to allow airlines to recover from the pandemic.
High-flying ambitions for the sector
Hydrogen and electrification
Some airline manufacturers are betting on hydrogen, with research suggesting that the abundant resource has the potential to match the flight distances and payload of a current fossil-fuel aircraft. If derived from renewable resources like sun and wind power, hydrogen — with an energy-density almost three times that of gasoline or diesel — could work as a fully sustainable aviation fuel that emits only water.
One example comes out of California, where fuel-cell specialist HyPoint has entered a partnership with Pennsylvania-based Piasecki Aircraft Corporation to manufacture 650-kilowatt hydrogen fuel cell systems for aircrafts. According to HyPoint, the system — scheduled for commercial availability product by 2025 — will have four times the energy density of existing lithium-ion batteries and double the specific power of existing hydrogen fuel-cell systems.
Meanwhile, Rolls-Royce is looking to smash the speed record of electrical flights with a newly designed 23-foot-long model. Christened the Spirit of Innovation, the small plane took off for the first time earlier this month and successfully managed a 15-minute long test flight. However, the company has announced plans to fly the machine faster than 300 mph (480 km/h) before the year is out, and also to sell similar propulsion systems to companies developing electrical air taxis or small commuter planes.
New aircraft designs
Airlines are also upgrading aircraft design to become more eco-friendly. Air France just received its first upgrade of a single-aisle, medium-haul aircraft in 33 years. Fleet director Nicolas Bertrand told French daily Les Echos that the new A220 — that will replace the old A320 model — will reduce operating costs by 10%, fuel consumption and CO2 emissions by 20% and noise footprint by 34%.
International first class will be very nearly a thing of the past.
The pandemic has also ushered in a new era of consumer demand where privacy and personal space is put above luxury. The retirement of older aircraft caused by COVID-19 means that international first class — already in steady decline over the last decades — will be very nearly a thing of the past. Instead, airplane manufacturers around the world (including Delta, China Eastern, JetBlue, British Airways and Shanghai Airlines) are betting on a new generation of super-business minisuites where passengers have a privacy door. The idea, which was introduced by Qatar Airways in 2017, is to offer more personal space than in regular business class but without the lavishness of first class.
Aerial view of Rome's Fiumicino airportcommons.wikimedia.org
Rome's Fiumicino Airport has become the first in the world to earn "the COVID-19 5-Star Airport Rating" from Skytrax, an international airline and airport review and ranking site, Italian daily La Repubblica reports. Skytrax, which publishes a yearly annual ranking of the world's best airports and issues the World Airport Awards, this year created a second list to specifically call out airports with the best health and hygiene standards.
The pandemic has also accelerated the shift towards contactless traveling, with more airports harnessing the power of biometrics — such as facial recognition or fever screening — to reduce touchpoints and human contact. Similar technology can also be used to more efficiently scan physical objects, such as explosive detection. Ultimately, passengers will be able to "check-in" and go through a security screening anywhere at the airports, removing queues and bottlenecks.
Data privacy issues
However, as pointed out in Canadian publication The Lawyer's Daily, increased use of AI and biometrics also means increased privacy concerns. For example, health and hygiene measures like digital vaccine passports also mean that airports can collect data on who has been vaccinated and the type of vaccine used.
Auckland Airport, New Zealand
The billion-dollar question: Will we fly less?
At the end of the day, even with all these (mostly positive) changes that we've seen take shape over the past 18 months, the industry faces major uncertainty about whether air travel will ever return to the pre-COVID levels. Not only are people wary about being in crowded and closed airplanes, but the worth of long-distance business travel in particular is being questioned as many have seen that meetings can function remotely, via Zoom and other online apps.
Trying to forecast the future, experts point to the years following the 9/11 terrorist attacks as at least a partial blueprint for what a recovery might look like in the years ahead. Twenty years ago, as passenger enthusiasm for flying waned amid security fears following the attacks, airlines were forced to cancel flights and put planes into storage.
40% of Swedes intend to travel less
According to McKinsey, leisure trips and visits to family and friends rebounded faster than business flights, which took four years to return to pre-crisis levels in the UK. This time too, business travel is expected to lag, with the consulting firm estimating only 80% recovery of pre-pandemic levels by 2024.
But the COVID-19 crisis also came at a time when passengers were already rethinking their travel habits due to climate concerns, while worldwide lockdowns have ushered in a new era of remote working. In Sweden, a survey by the country's largest research company shows that 40% of the population intend to travel less even after the pandemic ends. Similarly in the UK, nearly 60% of adults said during the spring they intended to fly less after being vaccinated against COVID-19 — with climate change cited as a top reason for people wanting to reduce their number of flights, according to research by the University of Bristol.
At the same time, major companies are increasingly forced to face the music of the environmental movement, with several corporations rolling out climate targets over the last few years. Today, five of the 10 biggest buyers of corporate air travel in the US are technology companies: Amazon, IBM, Google, Apple and Microsoft, according to Taipei Times, all of which have set individual targets for environmental stewardship. As such, the era of flying across the Atlantic for a two-hour executive meeting is likely in its dying days.
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