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Greece

Meet The Neo-Nazi Group Greece Just Elected To Parliament

LES INROCKUPTIBLES (France)

ATHENS- "The time has come for this country's traitors to fear us," said Nikolaos Michaloliakos, leader of the Golden Dawn, the neo-Nazi movement that won 7% of the seats in Greece's Parliament this past Sunday. Until a few weeks, reports the Inrockuptibles magazine, no one had heard of these skinheads.

Here's the lowdown on the group:

Who they are: Founded in the 1980's, the Golden Dawn is more of a small group than a party. Although they refuse to be called neo-Nazi, their name comes from a Greek newspaper filled with Nazi references and imagery.

Slogan: "Blood and honor"

Their recipe to end Greece's economic crisis: To get out from under Germany's "domination;" to cancel Greece's debt; to take control of the country's petrol and gas resources; to deploy special forces to its borders, and specifically in front of the Turkish border...to set up a mine field.

Other great ideas: To "liberate" Cyprus from Turkey, to "integrate" northern Albania to Greece, and to widen territorial waters in the Aegean Sea.

And just how many people voted for them? More than 400,000, after a campaign some described as "warm and friendly," with food drives for the poor and special initiatives for the elderly.

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Society

Kleptomania, How A "Women's Pathology" Was Built On Gender And Class Bias

Between 1880 and 1930, there was a significant rise in thefts in department stores, mostly committed by women from the middle and upper classes. This situation brought with it the establishment of a new pathology: kleptomania. A century later, feminist historians have given new meaning to the practice as a protest against the social structures and oppressions of capitalism and patriarchy.

Photo of a hand in a pocket

A hand in a pocket

Julia Amigo

Kleptomania is defined as the malicious and curious propensity for theft. The legal language tends to specify that the stolen objects are not items of necessity; medically, it is explained as an uncontrollable impulse.

What seems clear is that kleptomania is a highly enigmatic condition and one of the few mental disorders that comes from the pathologization of a crime, which makes it possible to use it as a legal defense. It differs from the sporadic theft of clothing, accessories, or makeup (shoplifting) as the kleptomaniac's impulse is irresistible.

Studies have shown that less than one percent of the population suffers from kleptomania, being much more common among women (although determining exact numbers is very difficult).

The psychiatric disorders manual, DSM (Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders) has included kleptomania since 1962. Previously, it had already received attention from, among others, Sigmund Freud. Like nymphomania or hysteria, kleptomania became an almost exclusively female diagnosis linked to the biology of women's bodies and an “inability” to resist uncontrollable desire.

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