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Bertrand Hauger

Critica, May 30, 2017

"El Man Dies," reads Tuesday's front page of Panamanian daily Critica, reporting the death of former dictator Manuel Noriega in Panama City at age of 83, with one of his many monikers.

Noriega, who died Monday night, was called MAN for the acronym for Manuel Antonio Noriega, although the New York Times points out in its obituary that the nickname that endured among his detractors was "Pineapple Face," owing to the strongman's pockmarked skin.

Noriega became Panama's military dictator in power in 1983 until he was removed from power after the American invasion ordered by President George H.W. Bush in 1989.

As Critica reports, Noriega was extradited to Panama in 2011 after serving more than 20 years in jail in the U.S. and France for drug trafficking and money laundering. He was serving a 60-year prison sentence until a court granted him temporary house arrest earlier this year, for health reasons.

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Society

Jehovah's Witnesses Translate The Bible In Indigenous Language — Is This Colonialism?

The Jehovah's Witnesses in Chile have launched a Bible version translated into the native Mapudungun language, evidently indifferent to the concerns of a nation striving to save its identity from the Western cultural juggernaut.

A Mapuche family awaits for Chilean President Gabriel Boric to arrive at the traditional Te Deum in the Cathedral of Santiago, on Chile's Independence Day.

Claudia Andrade

NEUQUÉN — The Bible can now be read in Mapuzugun, the language of the Mapuche, an ancestral nation living across Chile and Argentina. It took the Chilean branch of the Jehovah's Witnesses, a latter-day Protestant church often associated with door-to-door proselytizing and cold calling, three years to translate it into "21st-century Mapuzugun".

The church's Mapuche members in Chile welcomed the book when it was launched in Santiago last June, but some of their brethren see it rather as a cultural imposition. The Mapuche were historically a fighting nation, and fiercely resisted both the Spanish conquerors and subsequent waves of European settlers. They are still fighting for land rights in Chile.

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