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Kiev's Bloodiest Day, After Truce Crumbles

Kiev's Bloodiest Day, After Truce Crumbles

KIEV — After a brief respite in clashes, the Ukraine capital exploded again Thursday, with scenes of urban warfare and photographs of corpses lining Kiev's central square.

Death tolls Thursday range from several dozen to more than 100 victims, according to various sources. Hundreds of injured were also reported as videos and testimonies of snipers allegedly firing live rounds at demonstrators have appeared.

After a truce broke down after less than a day, most sources confirm that Thursday has been the bloodiest day in the months-long showdown between the pro-Russia government of Ukrainian President Viktor Yanukovych and protesters who favor closer ties with the European Union.

Multiple witnesses in Kiev report demonstrators dead from single gunshot wounds, typical of snipers. This video published in the morning by Euronews shows protesters being shot at in front of Hotel Ukraina:

Meanwhile, clashes sparked on the edge of the Independence Square between anti-government protestors and government security forces, according to RFE/RL:

Photographs of dead bodies strewn along the streets emerged during the day, as death tolls kept rising:

[rebelmouse-image 27087807 alt="""" original_size="599x448" expand=1]Photo: David Blair (via Twitter)

Le Monde journalist Piotr Smolar reported Maidan protestors had "captured 9 militiamen".

— piotr smolar (@piosmo) 20 Février 2014

Buildings around the square were being occupied and used as shelters and makeshift hospitals for the protestors. Volunteers are also said to be providing medical care to the injured:

[rebelmouse-image 27087808 alt="""" original_size="599x400" expand=1]Photo: Olaf Koens (via Twitter)

Earlier, a 21 year old volunteer nurse, who was allegedly wounded at the neck by a gunshot, tweeted "I'm dying" while receiving first aid.

— Olesya Zhukovskaya (@OlesyaZhukovska) 20 Février 2014

It was later reported the young woman had survived after undergoing an operation.

— Vitalii Sediuk (@VitaliiSediuk) 20 Février 2014

For the latest updates on the situation in Ukraine, follow The Interpreter's liveblog.

Alongside the bloodshed, the former pro-government mayor of Kiev, Halyna Hereha, resigned from the ruling party and joined the protestors, according to reports.

— Maxim Eristavi (@MaximEristavi) 20 Février 2014

Three European Union foreign ministers, including France's Laurent Fabius, have held five hours of talks with President Viktor Yanukovych throughout the day. After a first warning yesterday, Fabius reiterated Thursday the threat of E.U. sanctions towards the Ukrainian government. On Twitter, he said the sanctions would include "cancelling visas", the "surveillance" and the "freezing of assets of a certain number of government officials".

— Laurent Fabius (@LaurentFabius) 20 Février 2014

Meanwhile, the White House also expressed its concern towards the deadly violence that shook the Ukrainian capital Thursday.

— @NSCPress (@NSCPress) 20 Février 2014

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The Unsustainable Future Of Fish Farming — On Vivid Display In Turkish Waters

Currently, 60% of Turkey's fish currently comes from cultivation, also known as fish farming, compared to just 10% two decades ago. The short-sightedness of this shift risks eliminating fishing output from both the farms and the open seas along Turkey's 5,200 miles of coastline.

Photograph of two fishermen throwing a net into the Tigris river in Turkey.

Traditional fishermen on the Tigris river, Turkey.

Dûrzan Cîrano/Wikimeidia
İrfan Donat

ISTANBUL — Turkey's annual fish production includes 515,000 tons from cultivation and 335,000 tons came from fishing in open waters. In other words, 60% of Turkey's fish currently comes from cultivation, also known as fish farming.

It's a radical shift from just 20 years ago when some 600,000 tons, or 90% of the total output, came from fishing. Now, researchers are warning the current system dominated by fish farming is ultimately unsustainable in the country with 8,333 kilometers (5,177 miles) long.

Professor Mustafa Sarı from the Maritime Studies Faculty of Bandırma 17 Eylül University believes urgent action is needed: “Why were we getting 600,000 tons of fish from the seas in the 2000’s and only 300,000 now? Where did the other 300,000 tons of fish go?”

Professor Sarı is challenging the argument from certain sectors of the industry that cultivation is the more sustainable approach. “Now we are feeding the fish that we cultivate at the farms with the fish that we catch from nature," he explained. "The fish types that we cultivate at the farms are sea bass, sea bram, trout and salmon, which are fed with artificial feed produced at fish-feed factories. All of these fish-feeds must have a significant amount of fish flour and fish oil in them.”

That fish flour and fish oil inevitably must come from the sea. "We have to get them from natural sources. We need to catch 5.7 kilogram of fish from the seas in order to cultivate a sea bream of 1 kg," Sarı said. "Therefore, we are feeding the fish to the fish. We cannot cultivate fish at the farms if the fish in nature becomes extinct. The natural fish need to be protected. The consequences would be severe if the current policy is continued.”

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