Geopolitics

Kiev Bloodbath Feared After Brief Truce Fails

Bodies of protesters killed Thursday morning in central Kiev
Bodies of protesters killed Thursday morning in central Kiev

CLASHES RESUME IN KIEV DESPITE TRUCE
Deadly fights between the police and people occupying Kiev’s Independence Square resumed this morning despite the truce announced last night by the government and opposition leaders, who were supposed to meet this morning to negotiate a peaceful solution to the crisis. Reports about the number of new deaths vary from 10 to 35, with over 500 injured.

  • There are conflicting reports about which side reignited the violence. According to The Kyiv Post, “Police threw Molotov cocktails into the opposition-occupied Music Conservatory to start it on fire,” while police snipers were allegedly spotted on the roofs of surrounding buildings. But Reuters quotes President Viktor Yanukovych’s office as saying that the protesters launched the offensive. “They are working in organized groups. They are using firearms, including sniper rifles. They are shooting to kill,” the statement said. The Kyiv Post’s live blog also shows pictures of policemen captured by the crowd, while a correspondent for Vice magazine says protesters were spitting on the officers.

  • RT quotes the Interior Ministry as saying that 23 police officers were injured by snipers. At least one officer was reported killed. Both sides accuse each other of firing live ammunition. A British correspondent for the Daily Telegraph says he saw 10 victims among the protesters, “all killed by single bullets to the head.”

  • On her Twitter feed, RT journalist Denise Reese said that her team was also targeted by snipers. One cameraman was hit but not injured because he was wearing a bulletproof vest.

  • News agency Itar-Tass reports that the police retreated in front of the rioters, who managed to break through to the Parliament and a luxury hotel.

  • The foreign ministers of France, Germany and Poland were in Kiev this morning ahead of a meeting of European Union foreign ministers later today in Brussels. Despite early reports that they had left due to the lack of security, they are said to have met with President Yanukovych. The EU ministers are expected to discuss imposing sanctions on those Brussels considers responsible for the violence. Ukraine’s Foreign Minister Leonid Kozhara told RT that opposition leaders should be subject to the sanctions. “We think that today all responsibility for violence lies with the opposition,” he said.

  • What looks in every aspect like the beginning of a civil war is forcing some Ukrainian athletes currently competing in Sochi to leave the Olympic Games and return home. Read more from Reuters.

60 DEAD IN ISLAMIST ATTACK IN NIGERIA
At least 60 people have been killed by gunmen from Islamist group Boko Haram in the northeast Nigerian town of Bama, AFP reports.

PRO-ASSAD OFFICIAL KILLED IN LEBANON
A Lebanese politician from the Arab Democratic Party who openly supported Syrian President Bashar al-Assad was shot dead in the northern town of Tripoli, AFP reports. The death of Abdelrahman Diab, an Alawite like al-Assad, sparked violent clashes between Alawites and Sunnis, killing at least one person, The Daily Star reports.

DEADLY PROTESTS CONTINUE IN VENEZUELA
Anti-government protests moved into their second week in Venezuela, as demonstrators challenged police lines with stones and slingshots. A local beauty contest winner died of a gunshot wound on Wednesday, the fifth death from the country’s ongoing political unrest. Our snapshot of the Venezuela fighting is here.

MASSIVE NEW LEAK AT FUKUSHIMA
The operator of Fukushima, TEPCO, announced the discovery of a new leak of about 100 tons of highly radioactive water at the nuclear power plant, AFP reports. Yesterday, TEPCO revealed that only one of nine thermometers were still working in one of the reactors.

RELEASE HALTED OF FORMER INDIAN PM’S KILLERS
India’s Supreme Court has suspended a decision from the government of the state of Tamil Nadu to release the people found guilty of murdering former Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi, The Indian Express reports. Of the seven that were to be freed, the Supreme Court has blocked the release of the three who saw their death sentence lifted earlier this week. A new hearing is scheduled for March 8.

FAMILY REUNIONS BEGIN IN NORTH KOREA
Reunions in North Korea of families separated by the Korean War began this morning. According to Yonhap news agency, more than 100 South Koreans have left for the North to meet with relatives they have not seen in over 60 years. The reunions are expected to last until Feb. 25, one day after the launch of joint military drills between the U.S. and South Korea.

VERBATIM
David Bowie waded into the debate about Scottish independence via Kate Moss, who accepted an honor on the singer’s behalf at last night’s Brit Awards. Read here what he had to say.

BY THE NUMBERS
Facebook has purchased the messaging app Whatsapp for a staggering $19 billion. See how many Instagrams, Washington Posts and Boston Globes WhatsApp it’s worth?

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Paying tribute to the victims of the attack in Kongsberg

Terje Bendiksby/NTB Scanpix/ZUMA
Carl-Johan Karlsson

The bow-and-arrow murder of five people in the small Norwegian city of Kongsberg this week was particularly chilling for the primitive choice of weapon. And police are now saying the attack Wednesday night is likely to be labeled an act of terrorism.

Still, even though the suspect is a Danish-born convert to Islam, police are still determining the motive. Espen Andersen Bråthen, a 37-year-old Danish national, is previously known to the police, both for reports of radicalization, as well as erratic behavior unrelated to religion.

Indeed, it remains unclear whether religious beliefs were behind the killings. In an interview with Swedish daily Dagens Nyheter, police attorney Ann Iren Svane Mathiassens said Bråthen has already confessed to the crimes, giving a detailed account of the events during a three-hour interrogation on Thursday, but motives are yet to be determined.

Investigated as terrorism 

Regardless, the murders are likely to be labeled an act of terror – mainly as the victims appear to have been randomly chosen, and were killed both in public places and inside their homes.

Mathiassens also said Bråthen will undergo a comprehensive forensic psychiatric examination, which is also a central aspect of the ongoing investigation, according to a police press conference on Friday afternoon. Bråthen will be held in custody for at least four weeks, two of which will be in isolation, and will according to a police spokesperson be moved to a psychiatric unit as soon as possible.

Witnesses have since described him as unstable and a loner.

Police received reports last year concerning potential radicalization. In 2017, Bråthen published two videos on Youtube, one in English and one in Norwegian, announcing that he's now a Muslim and describing himself as a "messenger." The year prior, he made several visits to the city's only mosque, where he said he'd received a message from above that he wished to share with the world.

Previous criminal history 

In 2012, he was convicted of aggravated theft and drug offenses, and in May last year, a restraining order was issued after Bråthen entered his parents house with a revolver, threatening to kill his father.

The mosque's chairman Oussama Tlili remembers Bråthen's first visit well, as it's rare to meet Scandinavian converts. Still, he didn't believe there was any danger and saw no reason to notify the police. Tlili's impression was rather that the man was unwell mentally, and needed help.

According to a former neighbor, Bråthen often acted erratically. During the two years she lived in the house next to him — only 50 meters from the grocery store where the attacks began — the man several times barked at her like a dog, threw trash in the streets to then pick it up, and spouted racist comments to her friend. Several other witnesses have since described him as unstable and a loner.

The man used a bow and arrow to carry the attack

Haykon Mosvold Larsen/NTB Scanpix/ZUMA

Police criticized

Norway, with one of the world's lowest crime rates, is still shaken from the attack — and also questioning what allowed the killer to hunt down and kill even after police were on the scene.

The first reports came around 6 p.m. on Wednesday that a man armed with bow and arrow was shooting inside a grocery store. Only minutes after, the police spotted the suspect; he fired several times against the patrol and then disappeared while reinforcements arrived.

The attack has also fueled a long-existing debate over whether Norwegian police should carry firearms

In the more than 30 minutes that followed before the arrest, four women and one man were killed by arrows and two other weapons — though police have yet to disclose the other arms, daily Aftenposten reports. The sleepy city's 27,000 inhabitants are left wondering how the man managed to evade a full 22 police patrols, and why reports of his radicalization weren't taken more seriously.

With five people killed and three more injured, Wednesday's killing spree is the worst attack in Norway since far-right extremist Anders Breivik massacred 77 people on the island of Utøya a decade ago.

Unarmed cops

As questions mount over the police response to the attack, with reports suggesting all five people died after law enforcement made first contact with the suspect, local police have said it's willing to submit the information needed to the Bureau of Investigation to start a probe into their conduct. Police confirmed they had fired warning shots in connection to the arrest which, under Norwegian law, often already provides a basis for an assessment.

Wednesday's bloodbath has also fueled a long-existing debate over whether Norwegian police should carry firearms — the small country being one of only 19 globally where law enforcement officers are typically unarmed, though may have access to guns and rifles in certain circumstances.

Magnus Ranstorp, a terrorism expert and professor at the Swedish Defence University, noted that police in similar neighboring countries like Sweden and Denmark carry firearms. "I struggle to understand why Norwegian police are not armed all the time," Ranstorp told Norwegian daily VG. "The lesson from Utøya is that the police must react quickly and directly respond to a perpetrator during a life-threatening incident."

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