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Israel

Israeli Strikes Kill Four Militants In Gaza

HAARETZ (Israel), BBC NEWS (UK)

Worldcrunch

GAZA CITY – Airstrikes carried out by the Israeli Defense Forces killed four militants Tuesday night in Gaza, reports BBC News.

Israel military forces said three of the militants were hit overnight as they prepared to fire rockets.

A fourth militant, reported to be a gunman from the Ezzedine al-Qassam Brigades -- Hamas's military wing -- was killed Wednesday morning by Tzahal.

Two large explosions shook Gaza City on Wednesday morning, reports Haaretz.

Israel said the strikes were in response to 52 rockets fired at Southern Israel from the Gaza Strip, which wounded at least three people.

Israeli and Palestinian schools on each side of the border have been closed amid fears of further armed exchanges.

This new wave of violence comes only a day after the emir of Qatar became the first foreign head of state to visit Gaza since Hamas took power in 2007.

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Society

Kleptomania, How A "Women's Pathology" Was Built On Gender And Class Bias

Between 1880 and 1930, there was a significant rise in thefts in department stores, mostly committed by women from the middle and upper classes. This situation brought with it the establishment of a new pathology: kleptomania. A century later, feminist historians have given new meaning to the practice as a protest against the social structures and oppressions of capitalism and patriarchy.

Photo of a hand in a pocket

A hand in a pocket

Julia Amigo

Kleptomania is defined as the malicious and curious propensity for theft. The legal language tends to specify that the stolen objects are not items of necessity; medically, it is explained as an uncontrollable impulse.

What seems clear is that kleptomania is a highly enigmatic condition and one of the few mental disorders that comes from the pathologization of a crime, which makes it possible to use it as a legal defense. It differs from the sporadic theft of clothing, accessories, or makeup (shoplifting) as the kleptomaniac's impulse is irresistible.

Studies have shown that less than one percent of the population suffers from kleptomania, being much more common among women (although determining exact numbers is very difficult).

The psychiatric disorders manual, DSM (Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders) has included kleptomania since 1962. Previously, it had already received attention from, among others, Sigmund Freud. Like nymphomania or hysteria, kleptomania became an almost exclusively female diagnosis linked to the biology of women's bodies and an “inability” to resist uncontrollable desire.

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