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Exclusive: In Private, Medvedev-Cameron Summit Tried To End Litvinenko Impasse

The leaders of Russia and the UK met at the Kremlin for the first time since 2006. But despite the warm public words, behind closed doors the two sides were in tough talks over how the investigation of the death in London of former KGB spy Alexander Litvi

Litvinenko's grave in Highgate cemetery in London (Gianni)
Litvinenko's grave in Highgate cemetery in London (Gianni)
Vladimir Solovyov and Elena Chernenko

MOSCOW - Dmitry Medvedev and David Cameron tried to look like old friends.

They smiled at each other and called one another by the first name.

"I am happy to welcome you to the Kremlin. This visit has been a long time coming," Medvedev said.

"Thank you very much, Dmitry," replied Cameron.

From then on, the smiles never left their faces and they gave a news conference for half an hour, instead of the scheduled 20 minutes, seemingly reluctant to drag themselves away from each other.

Medvedev said: "Even if our approaches differ, there is no reason for drama. The main thing is that this does not have a negative impact on the general trend of our relations."

"Of course it's no secret there are issues on which our opinions differ," Cameron responded. "But we must continue open dialogue."

But reporters wanted to talk about what has poisoned, both literally and figuratively, political relations between Moscow and London: the unfinished business of Alexander Litvinenko.

The former KGB agent, who was subsequently a critic of the Kremlin, died in London in 2006 after being poisoned by radioactive polonium. The murder prompted a chill in ties, as Moscow refused to extradite the prime suspect, Andrei Lugovoy.

"Do you want Britain to stop talking about Litvinenko?" A British journalist put to Medvedev and Cameron.

Cameron calmly answered: "Despite the difficulties and disagreements between us, we are not changing our opinion. That does not mean that we should not develop our mutual cooperation in the areas of business and trade."

But the British media did not give up, with a BBC correspondent indignantly asking Cameron: "How can you come here to boost British business when the killer of Litvinenko has not been extradited?"

From the subsequent questions to Cameron and Medvedev, it's clear Litvinenko's death will continue to mar Russian-British relations.

Cameron said: "The issue has not been parked, but this does not mean we freeze the entire relationship."

Searching for a way out

Medvedev's answer showed no compromise. "If I am not mistaken, article 61 of the Russian constitution states ‘A Russian citizen cannot be extradited to a foreign state for a court case or an investigation." This needs to be respected. To whoever asks the question, there is one answer. It is impossible. Remember that."

However, Kommersant has learned that Moscow and London had used the encounter to discuss in private the possibility of specific ways to overcome the impasse.

"As long as we are unable to give Lugovoy up, a solution must be found via a joint investigation," a well-placed Russian source to Kommersant. "We proposed to the British to do this, and if it was ascertained that Lugovoy was really to blame, then they must arrest him in Russia. However, they don't want to do that."

Meanwhile, a source close to this week's talks told Kommersant that resuming contact between the countries' intelligence services, frozen since the Litvinenko affair, could be a possibility for improving relations.

"The British made it clear that owing to the level of public opinion surrounding the Litvinenko case, to renew relations with the FSB (Russian secret service) would be difficult. For that reason, what are being looked at are different ways of cooperation through international organizations, and joint operations under their auspices," the second source said. "So that means the FSB and British intelligence will not work together directly, but within the framework of an international group over issues such as Afghanistan."

Read the original story in Russian

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Migrant Lives

They Migrated From Chiapas When Opportunities Dried Up, Orchids Brought Them Home

An orchid rehabilitation project is turning a small Mexican community into a tourist magnet — and attracting far-flung locals back to their hometown.

They Migrated From Chiapas When Opportunities Dried Up, Orchids Brought Them Home

Marcos Aguilar Pérez takes care of orchids rescued from the rainforest in his backyard in Santa Rita Las Flores, Mapastepec, Chiapas, Mexico.

Adriana Alcázar González/GPJ Mexico
Adriana Alcázar González

MAPASTEPEC — Sweat cascades down Candelaria Salas Gómez’s forehead as she separates the bulbs of one of the orchids she and the other members of the Santa Rita Las Flores Community Ecotourism group have rescued from the rainforest. The group houses and protects over 1,000 orchids recovered from El Triunfo Biosphere Reserve, in the southeastern Mexican state of Chiapas, after powerful storms.

“When the storms and heavy rains end, we climb to the vicinity of the mountains and collect the orchids that have fallen from the trees. We bring them to Santa Rita, care for them, and build their strength to reintegrate them into the reserve later,” says Salas Gómez, 32, as she attaches an orchid to a clay base to help it recover.

Like magnets, the orchids of Santa Rita have exerted a pull on those who have migrated from the area due to lack of opportunity. After years away from home, Salas Gómez was one of those who returned, attracted by the community venture to rescue these flowers and exhibit them as a tourist attraction, which provides residents with an adequate income.

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