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Geopolitics

Democratic Debacle, Israel War Crimes, Erdogan "Dog" Cartoon"

Democratic debacle in Sanford, North Carolina
Democratic debacle in Sanford, North Carolina
Worldcrunch

Wednesday, November 5, 2014

REPUBLICANS TAKE CONTROL OF U.S. SENATE
The Republican Party won control of the U.S. Senate for the first time since 2006, gaining at least 7 seats, 1 more than they needed to have a majority after scoring important victories in Tuesday’s midterm election in North Carolina, Colorado, Iowa, West Virginia, Arkansas, Montana and South Dakota. Mitch McConnell of Kentucky, who is poised to become the Senate majority leader after his reelection for a sixth term, described the nationwide vote as one against a “government that people can no longer trust.”

The G.O.P. also increased their majority in the House of Representatives where The New York Times predicts they will have close to 245 seats, the largest Republican majority since the Truman administration. This represents a major success for the party which, as The Washington Post put it “had a simple plan: Don’t make mistakes, and make it all about Obama.”

Tuesday’s election also saw the election of Tim Scott, a Republican from South Carolina, making him the first black senator in the South since Reconstruction.

Listing the winners and losers of the day, USA Today also puts the President amongst the latter, explaining that his previous stance that his “policies are on the ballot” backfired into “a near total repudiation.”

The New York Times’ Peter Baker notes that Obama “now faces a daunting challenge in reasserting his relevance in a capital that will soon enough shift its attention to the battle to succeed him.” Politico journalist Maggie Haberman was already looking ahead, noting “many silver linings” for Hillary Clinton’s hopes for 2016 as yesterday’s “shellacking” will accelerate the Democratic Party’s “look ahead to its next leader, especially among donors, who want someone to rally around.”

AFRICAN LEADERS HEAD TO BURKINA FASO
The presidents of Ghana, Nigeria and Senegal are expected in Burkina Faso where they will meet Isaac Zida, the interim leader appointed by the army, to pressure him and the military to keep their promise of handing back power to the people in two weeks, AFP reports. Two days ago, the African Union threatened the country’s new leaders with sanctions if they don’t restore civilian rule.

WORLDCRUNCH-TO-GO
Le Mondes Arthur Frayer traveled to the northern French city of Calais, along the English Channel, which has served as a hub for UK-bound illegal migrants for more than a decade. But it is an always evolving illicit trade, as Egyptian, Kurdish, Afghan and Albanese traffickers are now fighting for control. “Ahmad, a 26-year-old student from Kabul, steps aside from the others not to disrupt them. He rolls a cigarette between his fingers. "We have until 6 p.m. to climb into the trucks," he says. "After that, it's the Africans' turn."”
Read the full article: Calais Crossing: An Inside Look At The Ugly Business Of Human Trafficking

UKRAINE STARTS PAYING GAS DEBT TO RUSSIA
Ukraine’s state-owned energy company Naftogaz said it had paid $1.45 billion to Gazprom, the first tranche of Kiev’s gas debt to the Russian company. The second part, $1.65 billion, must be paid by the end of the year according to an agreement signed last week. Under the terms of the deal, Gazprom will now resume gas supplies to Ukraine, Ria Novosti reports. This comes amid fears of a new escalation in eastern Ukraine, where rebel leaders accused President Petro Poroshenko of violating the peace agreement signed in early September by deciding to cancel the rebel-held regions’ “special status.” They said they would no longer abide by it but stressed they were ready to renegotiate. Read more from Reuters.

ISRAEL GUILTY OF WAR CRIMES, SAYS AMNESTY INT’L
In a scathing report published today, Amnesty Internationalaccuses Israel of having displayed “callous indifference to the carnage caused” during last summer’s military operation in Gaza. “Israeli forces have brazenly flouted the laws of war by carrying out a series of attacks on civilian homes,” the director of the NGO’s Middle East and North Africa Program said. According to the report, some of these attacks, which targeted civilian “houses full of families” have amounted to war crimes.

New clashes erupted this morning inside the al-Aqsa mosque compound in East Jerusalem, causing the holy site to be briefly closed. This was followed by what Israeli media are describing as a “terror attack,” as a car hit pedestrians in East Jerusalem, wounding at least 14 people. One of the wounded died in hospital and others are in serious condition. The driver then exited the vehicle and began attacking people with a metal rod, before being shot and killed by police, according to Haaretz.

VERBATIM
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Girondins de Bordeaux soccer club coach Willy Sagnol has sparked anger after remarks on the "typical African player."

GERMAN CARTOON SPARKS DISPUTE WITH TURKEY
The German ambassador to Turkey Eberhard Pohl has been summoned to Ankara by the Turkish Foreign Ministry over a caricature published in 2011 in the daily Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung. The cartoon has been criticized by Ankara for “vilifying” the Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan by depicting him as a snarling dog, Die Welt reports.

OIL PRICES SLIDE CONTINUES
The price of West Texas Intermediate crude oil reached a three-year low yesterday of $77.19, having lost nearly 30% since its June high of nearly $108 per barrel, USA Today reports. Similarly, Brent, the international benchmark, declined 2.3%, to $82.82, having earlier fallen to $82.08, its lowest level in just over four years. This comes after Monday’s decision from Saudi Arabia to cut the prices of crude exported to the U.S. in an effort to prop up its share of the market, a move that analysts believe will help boost the American economy.

1.287 MILLION
American country-turned-pop singer Taylor Swift's new album 1989 sold 1.287 million copies in the U.S. in its first week, making it the biggest album release in 12 years.

MY GRAND-PÈRE'S WORLD


CAN YOU LAND ON A COMET?
With the Rosetta spacecraft set to land on a comet next week after a 10-year journey, the BBC put together a little interactive game to explain the landing process and what scientists are hoping to find there.

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Indigenous Women Of Ecuador Set Example For Sustainable Agriculture

In southern Ecuador, a women-led agricultural program offers valuable lessons on sustainable farming methods, but also how to end violence.

Photo of women walking in Ecuador

Women walking in Guangaje Ecuador

Camila Albuja

SARAGURO — Here in this corner of southern Ecuador, life seems to be like a mandala — everything is cleverly used in this ancestral system of circular production. But the women of Saraguro had to fight and resist to make their way of life, protecting the local water and the seeds. When weaving, the women share and take care of each other, also weaving a sense of community.

With the wrinkled tips of her fingers, Mercedes Quizhpe, an indigenous woman from the Kichwa Saraguro people, washes one by one the freshly harvested vegetables from her garden. Standing on a small bench, with her hands plunged into the strong torrent of icy water and the bone-chilling early morning breeze, she checks that each one of her vegetables is ready for fair day. Her actions hold a life of historical resistance, one that prioritizes the care of life through the defense of territory and food sovereignty.

Mercedes' way of life is also one that holds many potential lessons for how to do agriculture and tourism better.

In the province of Loja, work begins before sunrise. At 5:00 a.m., the barking of dogs, the guardians of each house, starts. There is that characteristic smell of damp earth from the morning dew. Sheep bah uninterruptedly through the day. With all this life around, the crowing of early-rising roosters doesn't sound so lonely.

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