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KOMMERSANT (Russia)

Worldcrunch

MOSCOW - It’s a thorny question that has plagued governments for years: What exactly constitutes a bribe?

It is particularly relevant in Russia, where corruption is so rampant that even well-meaning business people must grease the wheels in such a way that their counterparts in the West would scoff at.

Russia’s Supreme Court has laid out in a recent conference just what will be considered a bribe, and just as importantly, what will not.

According to Kommersant, the court agreed that offering services such as forgiving a debt or constructing a new country house would be considered bribery. There was a heated discussion about whether or not providing the services of a prostitute for an official would be considered a bribe - several of the participants remarked that this was a very common practice. But in the end, a majority voted that free prostitutes would also constitute a bribe.

[rebelmouse-image 27086550 alt="""" original_size="499x331" expand=1] Moscow (Firkser)

The Court, however, decided that gifts of up to 3,000 rubles (about $100) would not be considered bribes, which is good news for both policemen and traffic offenders.

Actually, speaking of bribes and the police, people who are asked to pay a bribe to a police officer will only be able to get their money back if they warn the police about the extortion before handing over the money, Kommersant reported. The court did not explain exactly how that would be possible in a real-life situation.

The biggest difference between Russia’s new corruption guidelines and those in the West is that the money has to actually be handed over for anyone to be prosecuted. In the West, it is generally enough to prove that someone was preparing either to take a bribe or to give a bride to prosecute for corruption. A representative of the government’s legal department summed up the discrepancy this way: “You have to take into account the Russian mentality,” Kommersant reports.

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Economy

In Uganda, Having A "Rolex" Is About Not Going Hungry

Experts fear the higher food prices resulting from the conflict in Ukraine could jeopardize the health of many Ugandans. Take a look at this ritzy-named simple dish.

Zziwa Fred, a street vendor who runs two fast-food businesses in central Uganda, rolls a freshly prepared chapati known as a Rolex.

Nakisanze Segawa

WAKISO — Godfrey Kizito takes a break from his busy shoe repair shop every day so he can enjoy his favorite snack, a vegetable and egg omelet rolled in a freshly prepared chapati known as a Rolex. But for the past few weeks, this daily ritual has given him neither the satisfaction nor the sustenance he is used to consuming. Kizito says this much-needed staple has shrunk in size.

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Most streets and markets in Uganda have at least one vendor firing up a hot plate ready to cook the Rolex, short for rolled eggs — which usually comes with tomatoes, cabbage and onion and is priced anywhere from 1,000 to 2,000 Ugandan shillings (28 to 57 cents). Street vendor Farouk Kiyaga says many of his customers share Kizito’s disappointment over the dwindling size of Uganda’s most popular street food, but Kiyaga is struggling with the rising cost of wheat and cooking oil.

Russia’s invasion of Ukraine has halted exports out of the two countries, which account for about 26% of wheat exports globally and about 80% of the world’s exports of sunflower oil, pushing prices to an all-time high, according to the Food and Agriculture Organization, a United Nations agency. Not only oil and wheat are affected. Prices of the most consumed foods worldwide, such as meat, grains and dairy products, hit their highest levels ever in March, making a nutritious meal even harder to buy for those who already struggle to feed themselves and their families. The U.N. organization warns the conflict could lead to as many as 13.1 million more people going hungry between 2022 and 2026.

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